45 terms

Chapter 29 Test

APUSH 10th
As one progressive explained, the real heart' of the progressive movement was to
use the government as an agency of human welfare
Progressives who were among the strongest critics of injustice in early-twentieth-century America, received much of their inspiration from
the Greenback Labor party and the Populists
Match each late-19th century social critic below with the target of his criticism.
A) Thorstein Veblen
B) Jack London
C)Jacob Riis
D) Henry Demarest Lloyd
1. 'bloated trusts'
2. 'slum conditions'
3. 'conspicuous consumption'
4. destruction of nature
A-3, B-4, C-2, D-1
supported many reforms advocated by feminists
President Theodore Roosevelt branded reporters who tried to uncover injustice as 'muckrakers' because
he was annoyed by their excessive zeal
Match the earl 20th century muckraker below with the target of his or her expose
A) David Phillips
B) Ida Tarbell
C) Lincoln Steffens
D) Ray Stannard Baker
1. the US Senate
2. the standard oil company
3. city governments
4. the conditions of blacks
A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4
Lincoln Steffens, in his series of articles entitled 'The Shame of the Cities,'
unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government
The muckrakers signified much about the nature of the progressive reform movement because they
sought not to overthrow capitalism but to cleanse it with democratic controls
Most muckrakers believed that their primary function in the progressive attack on social ills was to
make the public aware of social problems
The two key goals pursued by progressives were to curb the threats posed by ________________ on the one hand and __________________ on the other.
trusts; socialists
Progressive reformers were mainly men and women from the
middle class
Political progressivism
emerged in both major parties, in all regions, at all levels of government
According to progressives, the cure for American democracy's ills was
more democracy
To regain the power that the people had lost to the 'interests,' progressives advocated all of the following except
All of the following were prime goals of earnest progressives except
opposition to Prohibition.
The progressive movement was instrumental in getting both the 17th and 18th amendments added to the Constitution. The 17th called for ________________, and the 18th called for _______________,
direct election of U.S.senators; prohibition
The settlement house and women's club movements were crucial centers of female progressive activity because they
introduced many middle-class women to a broader array of urban social problems and civic concerns
Which of the following was not among the issues addressed by women in the progressive movement?
ending special regulations governing women in the workplace
In Muller vs. Oregon, the Supreme Court upheld the principle promoted by progressives like Florence Kelly and Louis Brandeis that
female workers required special rules and protection on the job
The public outcry after the horrible Triangle Shirtwaist fire led many states to pass
restrictions on female employment in the clothing industry
The case of Lochner v. New York represented a setback for progressives and labor advocates because the Supreme Court in its ruling
declared a law limiting work to 10 hours a day unconstitutional
The progressive-inspired city-manager system of government
was designed to remove politics from municipal administration
Progressive reform at the level of city government seeme4d to indicate that the progressives' highest priority was
governmental efficiency
While president, Theodore Roosevelt chose to label his reform proposals as the
Square Deal
As a part of his reform program, Teddy Roosevelt advocated all of the following except
control of labor
Theodore Roosevelt helped to end the 1902 strike in the anthracite coal mines by
threatening to seize the mines and to operate them with federal troops
One unusual and significant characteristic of the anthracite coal strike in 1902 was that
the national government did not automatically side with the owners in the dispute
The Elkins and Hepburn acts dealt with the subject of
railroad regulations
Theodore Roosevelt believed that trusts
were here to stay with their efficient means of production
The real purpose of Theodore Roosevelt's assault on trusts was to
prove that the government, not private business, ruled the country
President Roosevelt believed that the federal government should adopt a policy of __________________ trusts.
Passage of the Federal Meat Inspection Act was facilitated by the publication of
Upton Sinclair's The Jungle
When Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle, he intended his book to focus attention on the
plight of workers in the stockyards and meat-packing industry
Of the following legislation aimed at resource conservation, the only one associated with Theodore Roosevelt's presidency was the
Newlands Act
According to the text, Theodore Roosevelt's most enduring, tangible achievement may have been
his efforts supporting the environment
The idea of 'multiple-use resource management' included all of the following practices except
damming of rivers
Theodore Roosevelt weakened himself politically after his election in 1904 when he
announced that he would not be a candidate for a third term as president
The panic of 1907 stimulated reform in ______________ policy.
Theodore Roosevelt is probably most accurately described as
a middle-of-the-road politician
While president, Theodore Roosevelt
greatly increased the power and prestige of the presidency
During his presidency, Theodore Roosevelt did all of the following except
aid the cause of the environment
As president, William Howard Taft
was wedded more to the status quo than to change
President Taft's foreign policy was dubbed
dollar diplomacy
The Supreme Court's 'rule of reason' in restraint-of-trade cases was handed down in a case involving
Standard Oil
Theodore Roosevelt decided to run for the presidency in 1912 because
William H. Taft had seemed to discard Roosevelt's policies