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The time and place of action in a story.


The sequence of events in a story.


Introduces the setting, characters, conflict, etc.


The problem in a story.


The difference in what is expected to happen and what actually happens in a story.

internal conflict

A problem or struggle within a character.


The turning point in a story.


The problem in a story ends.

rising action

The events leading to the turning point in a story.


Hints or clues of what is to come later in a story.

point of view

The view from which a story is told.

first person point of view

A story is told by a character in the story (Uses I)

external conflict

A character's problem or struggle with an outside force.


The author's feelings about a written work.


The central idea or message in a written work.


A reference to something in a story.

third person omniscient

The "all knowing" view by a narrator.


The feeling a reader gets from a story.

third person

A story is told by an outside narrator.

falling action

The events leading to the end of the story.

third person limited

The narrator knows only one character's thoughts and feelings.

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