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When did the plage begin in Europe and when did it end?


Name groups associated with the plague in Europe:

Scapegoats (Jews and lepers), gravediggers, Flagellants, doctors (some legitimate and some were not), clergy (people who work for the church), magicians, etc.

What bacteria is responsible for the transmission of the bubonic plague?

Yursinia Pestis

How was the plague spread?

Rats > fleas > humans

In what cardinal directions did the bubonic plague spread?

It began in Italy and moved North, almost to the Arctic circle.

What were some of the proposed causes of the bubonic plague?

God's wrath (for "sinning"), Jesus's arrows, astrological forces (planets), earthquakes, miasmas (foul air), four humors, locusts, scapegoats,

What were some of treatments?

Bloodletting, leeches, ground up jewels, paper with abracadabra, edible prayers, Theriac (snakes and mud), self punishment (Flagellants), quarantine, escape, sitting between two fires, plague houses,


swellings caused by the bubonic plague


any epidemic disease with a high death rate

Bubonic Plague

a deadly contagious disease caused by bacteria and spread by fleas


term meaning "bad air"


Individuals or groups blamed for wrongs that were not of their doing


isolation to prevent the spread of infectious disease


to cut into


A compound use to treat plague victims made of snake bits, clay, herbs and honey


People who whipped themselves to cleanse their sin--they thought Plague was God's punishment for sins.

Blood letting

when there was disease doctor would cut patient hoping to bleed out the disease

Four humors

blood: warm & moist; yellow bile: warm and dry; phlegm: cold and moist; black bile: cold and dry

Plague Maiden

A mythical woman believed to have spread the plague


A place for bones or bone fragments.

The locust theory

the idea that the odor from dead locusts spread the plague.


people parade to ward off distress; worshipers would carry saints, crosses and relics

grave diggers

dug graves for the dead, took the victims to plague houses, blackmailed the living, & stole from the dead

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