68 terms

Test 1 - p4 from student sets, mac - World History Unit 1 Notes, mac - History Notes 4, mac - Day 4 Notes, mac - Alexander's Chap. 1 Vocab

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Terms in this set (...)

anthropology
The study of human life and culture
Catal huyuk
Found in Anatolia (Modern Day Turkey)
Neolithic
making pottery was a skill of this era
paleolithic
mastery of fire was a skill of this era
Stonehenge
monument located on the Salisbury England
Homo Sapiens
"Wise person." Modern human beings. Believed to have appeared in Africa between 150,000-200,000 years ago.
Neanderthals
Discovered in the Neander Valley in Germany. Thought to have lived between 100,000 and 30,000 years ago; they lived in Europe and Turkey.
Migration
Both Homo Sapiens and Neanderthals began to migrate outside of Africa 100,000 years ago. By 10,000 B.C. Homo Sapiens could be found throughout the world due to migration.
Paleolithic
"Paleo" means old "Lithic" means stone
Paleolithic= Old Stone Age. This era was called the stone age because early man used stone to make his tools and weapons. 2.5 million years ago until about 8,000 B.C
Hunter-Gatherers
Wandered from place to place in search of food and shelter. Invented the first tools and weapons including simple stone tools. Lived in groups called clans of about 20-30 people, used caves for shelter.Learned to make and control fire to keep warm and cook food. Developed oral, or spoken language. Made cave art and statues.
Neolithic
"Neo" means new - "Lithic" means stone - Neolithic means new stone age. It included-
Developed Agriculture
Domesticated Animals
Used Advanced Stone Tools
Developed Weaving (better clothing)
Made Pottery (for food storage)
Neolithic Agricultural Revolution
The change from the Paleolithic period to the Neolithic Period. The thing that allowed for this change was the discovery of agriculture. It is thought that women discovered agriculture.
Domestication of Animals
In addition to growing crops Neolithic man also tamed animals for hunting (dogs) and other animals for their food such as sheep, cows, etc.
Anthropology
The study of human life and culture.
Fossils
The remains of ancient plants and animals.
Carbon Dating
Used to date organic artifacts, or things that were once alive.
Cradles of Civilization
The places where people began to settle down, grow crops, and start villages became known as these. Most of these areas were in River Cradles. This first was Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys. Other river valleys include The Nile in Egypt, the Indus in India, and the Huang He in China. Also known as the Yellow River. It was called the "Yellow River" due to the amount of losses.
Jericho
An ancient village unearthed in Palestine near the Dead Sea. It was in existence by 8000 B.C.
Catal Hüyük
Found in Anatolia (Modern Day Turkey). Its walls enclosed 32 acres and up to 6,000 people. Grew many different crops and developed artisans and trade.
Aleppo
One of the oldest inhabited cities in history. Located in Modern-Day Syria; It has been occupied since around 5000 BCE.
Stonehenge
Monument begun in the Neolithic age and finished in the Bronze Age - Located on the Salisbury Plain in England.
Copper
The first metal used by ancient man was copper. This was a natural metal and could be cast into tools.
Bronze Age
Later, copper was mixed with tin to make Bronze. Bronze was the metal of choice from about 3000-1200 BCE.
Iron Age
About 1000 BCE the use of iron became common.
Specialization of Labor
Because people could focus on one particular thing technology and skills improved.
Storage of Food
Pottery and other devices were invented as ways to grow extra food. This extra food was vital for feeding a growing population.
Trade
As artisans made goods they began to exchange goods with other villages, and later cities, who had different goods. This was a barter system.
Trade
As artisans made goods they began to exchange goods with other villages, and later cities, who had different goods. This was a barter system.
Storage of Food
Pottery and other devices were invented as ways to grow extra food. This extra food was vital for feeding a growing population.
Specialization of labor
Because people could focus on one particular thing technology and skills improved.
Iron age
About 1000 BCE the use of iron became common.
Bronze age
Later, copper was mixed with tin to make Bronze. Bronze was the metal of choice from about 3000-1200 BCE
Copper
The first metal used by ancient man was copper. This was a natural metal and could be cast into tools.
Stonehenge
Monument begun in the Neolithic age and finished in the Bronze Age - Located on the Salisbury Plain in England
Aleppo
is one of the oldest inhabited cities in history. Located in Modern-Day Syria; It has been occupied since around 5000 BCE.
Catal Huyuk
Found in Anatolia (Modern Day Turkey) Its walls enclosed 32 acres and up to 6,000 people. Grew many different crops and developed artisans and trade.
Jeracho
found in ancient Palestine near the Dead sea. It was in existence by 8000 B.C.
Mesopotamia
between the Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys.
River Valley's
Nile in Egypt, the Indus in India, and the Huang He in China. Also known as the Yellow River . (loess moss)
Cradles Of Civilization
The places where people began to settle down, grow crops, and start villages became known as these.
Carbon Dating
used to date organic artifacts, or things that were once alive
Fossils
The remains of ancient plants and animals.
Anthropology
The study of human culture and life.
Domestication of Animals
Neolithic man tamed animals for hunting (dogs) and other animals for their food such as sheep, cows, etc. . .
Homo sapiens
emerged in East Africa between 100,000 and 400,000 years ago.
Homo sapiens
migrated from Africa to Eurasia, Australia, and the Americas.
hunters and gatherers
Early humans were ____________ whose survival depended on
the availability of wild plants and animals.
Paleolithic Era (Old Stone Age)
Were nomadic (migrated in search of food, water, shelter)
Paleolithic Era (Old Stone Age)
Invented the first tools, including simple weapons
Paleolithic Era (Old Stone Age)
Learned how to make fire
Paleolithic Era (Old Stone Age)
Developed oral language
Paleolithic Era (Old Stone Age)
Lived in clans
Paleolithic Era (Old Stone Age)
Created "cave art"
(New Stone Age)
• Developed agriculture (Domesticated Plants) • Domesticated animals
• Used advanced tools • Made pottery
• Developed weaving skills
Nomad
Wandering from place to place with no permanent home.
Glacier
A slowly moving mass of ice that moves over land.
Animism
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
Domesticate
To tame; to bring plants or animals under human control.
Civilization
A complex, highly organized social order.
Surplus
A situation in which quantity supplied is greater than quantity demanded.
Polytheistic
Belief in many gods.
Artisan
A skilled craftsperson.
Pictogram
Pictures used to create a bar graph chart.
Scribe
a professional copyist of manuscripts and documents, esp. in ancient times.
City-state
A city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside.
Empire
A group of states or territories controlled by one ruler.
Steppe
A dry, grassy, treeless plain found in Asia and eastern Europe.
Cultural Diffusion
The spread of cultural elements from one society to another.

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