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measure of average kinetic energy of individual particles in an object

thermal energy

total energy of all of the particles in an object


movement of thermal energy form a substance at a higher temperature to a substance at a lower temperature


process when heat is transferred from one particle to another without movement of matter


movement that transfers heat within liquid

convection current

circular flow when hot water rises and cool water takes its place


transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves


material that conducts heat well


material that does not conduct heat well

specific heat

amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 kg of a substance by 1 kelvin


change of state from solid to liquid

melting point

temperature at which solid becomes liquid


change of state from liquid to solid


change of state from liquid to gas


vaporization on the surface of a liquid

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