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20 terms

Architectural History 1

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abacus
stone slab between the capital and entablature
aisle
in a basilican building, a passage between the arcade and the outside wall
ambulatory
a semicircular aisle, the passage round the east end of a church between the arcade and the outside wall
apse
part of a building that is semicircular in plan
arcade
a series of arches
arch
masonry construction, curved in outline, spanning an opening
architrave
the lowest element of a classical entablature
ashlar
smooth, squared stone masonry
baroque
a style prevalent in europe and latin america in the 17th and 18th centuries
base
the lowest part of a classical order supporting a column
basilica
1 architecturally, a building with an arcade, aisles and clearstorey, i.e. consisting of a central vessel flanked by aisles and defined by arcades, above which rise walls containing windows. 2 Ecciesiastically, a Roman Catholic church of a certain status.
bay
a single compartment of a building defined by the placing of windows, or especially in a church, the space between one pier or column and the next
blind arch
an arch or series of arches against a solid wall
capital
element derived from classical architecture that forms the top part of a column, standing between the column or pier and what it supports
caryatid
support in the form of a female figure
cella
the main enclosed room of a greek or roman temple
centering
tempory wooden support for an arch or rib during the process of building
centralized
said of a building whose plan is symmetrical in all four directions
chancel
the easternmost part of a church, reserved for the clergy, where the altar is situated; by extension, the eastern arm
choir
that part of a church near the chancel, where the choir sit, by extension, the eastern arm