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1,416 terms

mid term texas history

mid term
STUDY
PLAY
Abrupt
Sudden and unexpected
Abundant
Very plentiful; more than enough
Accompany
to go along with; be together with
accumulate
collect or gather
Accustomed
In the habit of; used to
Adequate
Good enough to meet the need
Advise
To give advice to recommend
Aggravate
to make worse
agriculture
the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
alcalde
the chief official of a Spanish Settlement
Analyze
To examine carefully; study closely
Anticipated
To expect; to foresee
Appeal
To make an important request (to someone for something)
archaea
domain which consists of single-celled prokaryotes that have distinctive cell membranes and cell walls (Archaeabacteria)
Archaic Era
800 bc- 479 bc
archeology
the study of ancient cultures based on artifacts and other remains
arm
supports the body tube
artifact
an object made by someone in the past
assimilated
to blend in, to incorporate information into the mind
Astonish
to surprise or greatly amaze
astronomy
the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
atlatl
notched throwing stick used by hunters to propel spears farther and faster.
Attitude
a point of view; state of mind; way of thinking or feeling
Awkward
Clumsy; Not graceful
ayuntamiento
city hall
Betray
to be disloyal; turn against
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
biogenesis
the production of living organisms from other living organisms
blizzard
A heavy snowstorm with strong winds
body tube
connects the eyepiece to the revolving nosepiece
Brutal
Cruel; harsh; heartless
Category
a group of people or things having something in common; type
Cease
to stop; discontinue; quit
cell membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
cell membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
cell wall
a strong barrier that supports and protects plant cells
cell
the building blocks of all life
cells
the building blocks of all living things
Challenge
Something difficult to accomplish
chaos
a state of extreme confusion and disorder
chapel
a small building or place set aside for prayer and worship
chloroplast
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy
civil settlements
a town of settlers usually near a mission or a presidio
Classify
To arrange or organize into groups or types; place in a category
climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
Coincide
to happen at the same time
colonists
a group of people who settle in a new country
Comparison
the act of checking or judging how two or more things are alike or different
Complex
Not simple; not easy to understand or figure out
conquistadors
spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
Consent
To agree to something
Considerable
rather great; rather large
conspicuous
easily or plainly seen
Contrast
an obvious difference
control
in an experiment, the standard that is used for comparison
course adjustment
focuses the image in place
Critical
disapproving; tending to find fault
cultures
Way of life for a group of people who share similar beliefs & customs
Current
Modern; existing now; in general use or practice today
Customary
Usual; commonly done
cytology
the study of cells
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
cytosol
the semifluid portion of the cytoplasm
Deliberate
done on purpose; carefully planned
Demonstrate
to explain or teach by showing
Dependent
Relying on something/someone
Deprive
To take away from; keep from having or enjoying
designated
Chosen for a special purpose
Desperate
Having a great need or desire
Determine
to find out exactly; figure out
Discipline
To punish; cause to suffer for doing something wrong
Dispose
to throw or give away; get rid of
Dispute
an argument; a quarrel
Distinct
Clear; obvious; easy to see or notice
DNA
unique genetic material found in all living things
domesticate
make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans
drought
a long period of dry weather
Eager
Looking forward to with great interest or desire
economy
system by which goods and services are produced and distributed to meet people's needs
Eliminate
To get rid of; do away with
elsewhere
the place the townspeople are sent when they are released
Emphasis
Special attention; importance given to something
empire
a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
empowered
to give power or authority to; to enable; to permit
endoplasmic reticulum
a cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to another
Endure
to put up with; bear patiently
epidemic
the rapid spread of a disease among many people
erosion
condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the action of water and wind
Establish
To bring into being; set up
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Evident
obvious; clear
Exaggerate
to say that something is larger or greater than it really is; overstate
Excessive
too much; more than is reasonable
Exclaim
To speak or cry out suddenly, as from strong feelings or surprise
excuciating
causing great pain
exhilarating
invigorating and refreshing; cheering
expeditions
journeys by organized groups with definite objectives
extinct
No longer in existence
eyepiece
contains magnifying lenses you look through
Father Hidalgo
spanish friar that led a rebellion in 1810
Fertile
capable of producing / soil that can grow crops
fiestas
festivals or celebrations
fine adjustment
sharpens the image under high magnification
Formative Era
time where the major urban hearths came into existance
Fragile
easily broken or damaged
friar
A member of a catholic religious order
frigid
very cold
Frustration
a feeling of anger and helplessness that comes from misfortune, defeat, or failure; disappointment
Furthermore
In addition; besides
genus
a classification grouping that contains similar, closely related organisms
genus
a classification of plants and animals
golgi body
a structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell
Hesitate
To stop because of not being able to decide; put off acting because of feeling unsure
historians
people who study and write about the human past
homeostasis
the ability of a living thing to keep conditions inside its body constant
Horizontal
Lying flat; lying or extending from side to side (as opposed to going up and down)
Humane
kind; sympathetic; merciful; gentle
hurricanes
fierce tropical storms with strong winds
hypothesis
a tentative theory about the natural world
imploringly
in a pleading, begging manner
Improper
Not in good taste; not right for a situation; not suitable
indescribable
not able to be told about in words; beyond description
Indicate
to show; serve as a sign or signal
Inhabit
to live in
integral
Necessary to complete something; essential
integrity
honesty, high moral standards; dependable, completeness, soundness
Intentional
done on purpose; planned
Interference
the act of getting in the way of something; meddling in someone else's business
Interpret
To explain the meaning of; make sense of
intricate
complicated, complex, detailed
kingdom
a basic group of natural objects
kingdom
the largest group into which living things can be classified
law
a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society
Linger
To delay leaving; remain, especially as if unwilling to leave
low power objective
contains the lens with the lowest power magnification
luminous
giving off light
luxurious
rich and superior in quality
Maintain
To continue; carry on; keep in existence
maize
corn
mammoths
large, hairy elephants that lived during the Ice Age
mastodons
prehistoric furry elephants
Minimum
Smallest in size or amount that is allowed or possible; least
Miserable
Very unhappy or uncomfortable
Misinterpret
To understand incorrectly
missions
religious settlements run by Catholic Priests and friars.
mitochondrion
cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
multicellular
made of many cells
Neutral
not taking sides in a quarrel
nobles
people from rich and powerful families
nomadic
tending to travel and change settlements frequently
northers
sudden blasts of cold air that extend south from Canada and sweep across the plains
nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
Nuestro Padre San Francisco de Los Tejas
a spanish mission attacked by french invasions from present day louisiana and rebuilt several times
Objection
a dislike; feeling of being against something; disapproval
Obnoxious
very unpleasant; distasteful; disgusting
obsolete
out-of-date, no longer in use
Occur
To happen; take place
ominous
menacing; threatening
order
established customary state (especially of society)
organ
a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
organism
Any living thing
Originate
To come into being ; start
overwhelmed
rendered powerless especially by an excessive amount or profusion of something
Paleo-Indians
the ancient peoples of the Americas who were present at the end of the last Ice Age.
Particular
Specific; separate and distinct; single
Peculiar
unusual, strange
Penalize
To punish; cause to suffer for doing something wrong
Phenomenon
Any unusual occurrence
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of an organism
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of an organism
plaza
a public square
Potential
A natural ability that may or may not develop; possibility
precipitation
the falling to earth of any form of water (rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist)
precise
sharply exact or accurate
Preference
first choice, favorite
prehistory
the time during the development of human culture before the appearance of the written word
Preserve
to protect; keep in good condition
presidios
spanish military bases built to protect the missions
Principal
first or among the first in importance or rank, most important; main; leading
prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Propose
To put forward for thinking over or accepting; suggest (an idea)
Pursue
to try to get or succeed in; seek
Recollect
To remember; bring an image or idea back to mind
Reduction
a decrease; cutback
region
a large indefinite location on the surface of the Earth
Rejection
saying "no" to a request or desire; refusal
Reliable
Able to be depended on; trustworthy
Reluctant
Unwilling; wanting not to do something
Resort
To turn or go (to) for help; use for aid
Respond
to answer, either by word or by action
Restore
to bring back to normal or former condition; repair
Revise
To change in order to improve or to include new information
ribosome
an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell
ruefully
with regret
scientific methods
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions
self-consciously
feeling embarrassed, leeking self-esteem
serene
peaceful, relaxing
shaman
an ancient doctor, healer, or priest, they were called upon for religious ceremonies
significant
important in effect or meaning
solar power
The use of sunlight to generate electricity
Solitary
Happening or done alone
spontaneous generation
the idea that living things come from nonliving things
St. Denis
He built the trading post of Natchitoches on the Red River in Louisiana. He was appointed by the French government.
stage clips
hold the microscope slide in place
stage
supports the microscope slide
Suitable
Right for a certain purpose; proper; fitting
Surplus
Extra; more than what is needed or used
technology
the practical application of science to commerce or industry
tentatively
unsure; uncertain; not definite or positive; hesitant
theory
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function
tornadoes
violent, spiraling winds that move in a narrow path over land.
Transform
to change in form or appearance
transmit
send from one person or place to another
tributaries
small river or stream that flows in to a larger river or stream; a branch of the river
Ultimate
Greatest; highest possible
unanimously
in complete agreement
unicellular
consisting of one cell
unpredictable
not able to be known in advance
Unstable
unsteady; wobbly; not reliable
Utilize
to make use of; put to use, especially to good use
Vague
Not clear; not exact; not definite
Vanish
To disappear from sight
vaqueros
skilled riders who herded cattle on ranches in Mexico, California, and the Southwest
variable
A factor that can change in an experiment
Variety
A number of different kinds; assortment
Version
One form of a basic story, song or program
Vibrant
vigorous, energetic, radiant, sparkling, vivacious
viceroy
a representative of a king or of a country
weary
exhausted or tired through overuse or great strain or stress
Wholesome
Tending to improve the character, the mind, or the body
Abrupt
Sudden and unexpected
Abundant
Very plentiful; more than enough
Accompany
to go along with; be together with
accumulate
collect or gather
Accustomed
In the habit of; used to
Adequate
Good enough to meet the need
Advise
To give advice to recommend
Aggravate
to make worse
agriculture
the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
alcalde
the chief official of a Spanish Settlement
Analyze
To examine carefully; study closely
Anticipated
To expect; to foresee
Appeal
To make an important request (to someone for something)
archaea
domain which consists of single-celled prokaryotes that have distinctive cell membranes and cell walls (Archaeabacteria)
Archaic Era
800 bc- 479 bc
archeology
the study of ancient cultures based on artifacts and other remains
arm
supports the body tube
artifact
an object made by someone in the past
assimilated
to blend in, to incorporate information into the mind
Astonish
to surprise or greatly amaze
astronomy
the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
atlatl
notched throwing stick used by hunters to propel spears farther and faster.
Attitude
a point of view; state of mind; way of thinking or feeling
Awkward
Clumsy; Not graceful
ayuntamiento
city hall
Betray
to be disloyal; turn against
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
biogenesis
the production of living organisms from other living organisms
blizzard
A heavy snowstorm with strong winds
body tube
connects the eyepiece to the revolving nosepiece
Brutal
Cruel; harsh; heartless
Category
a group of people or things having something in common; type
Cease
to stop; discontinue; quit
cell membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
cell membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
cell wall
a strong barrier that supports and protects plant cells
cell
the building blocks of all life
cells
the building blocks of all living things
Challenge
Something difficult to accomplish
chaos
a state of extreme confusion and disorder
chapel
a small building or place set aside for prayer and worship
chloroplast
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy
civil settlements
a town of settlers usually near a mission or a presidio
Classify
To arrange or organize into groups or types; place in a category
climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
Coincide
to happen at the same time
colonists
a group of people who settle in a new country
Comparison
the act of checking or judging how two or more things are alike or different
Complex
Not simple; not easy to understand or figure out
conquistadors
spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
Consent
To agree to something
Considerable
rather great; rather large
conspicuous
easily or plainly seen
Contrast
an obvious difference
control
in an experiment, the standard that is used for comparison
course adjustment
focuses the image in place
Critical
disapproving; tending to find fault
cultures
Way of life for a group of people who share similar beliefs & customs
Current
Modern; existing now; in general use or practice today
Customary
Usual; commonly done
cytology
the study of cells
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
cytosol
the semifluid portion of the cytoplasm
Deliberate
done on purpose; carefully planned
Demonstrate
to explain or teach by showing
Dependent
Relying on something/someone
Deprive
To take away from; keep from having or enjoying
designated
Chosen for a special purpose
Desperate
Having a great need or desire
Determine
to find out exactly; figure out
Discipline
To punish; cause to suffer for doing something wrong
Dispose
to throw or give away; get rid of
Dispute
an argument; a quarrel
Distinct
Clear; obvious; easy to see or notice
DNA
unique genetic material found in all living things
domesticate
make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans
drought
a long period of dry weather
Eager
Looking forward to with great interest or desire
economy
system by which goods and services are produced and distributed to meet people's needs
Eliminate
To get rid of; do away with
elsewhere
the place the townspeople are sent when they are released
Emphasis
Special attention; importance given to something
empire
a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
empowered
to give power or authority to; to enable; to permit
endoplasmic reticulum
a cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to another
Endure
to put up with; bear patiently
epidemic
the rapid spread of a disease among many people
erosion
condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the action of water and wind
Establish
To bring into being; set up
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Evident
obvious; clear
Exaggerate
to say that something is larger or greater than it really is; overstate
Excessive
too much; more than is reasonable
Exclaim
To speak or cry out suddenly, as from strong feelings or surprise
excuciating
causing great pain
exhilarating
invigorating and refreshing; cheering
expeditions
journeys by organized groups with definite objectives
extinct
No longer in existence
eyepiece
contains magnifying lenses you look through
Father Hidalgo
spanish friar that led a rebellion in 1810
Fertile
capable of producing / soil that can grow crops
fiestas
festivals or celebrations
fine adjustment
sharpens the image under high magnification
Formative Era
time where the major urban hearths came into existance
Fragile
easily broken or damaged
friar
A member of a catholic religious order
frigid
very cold
Frustration
a feeling of anger and helplessness that comes from misfortune, defeat, or failure; disappointment
Furthermore
In addition; besides
genus
a classification grouping that contains similar, closely related organisms
genus
a classification of plants and animals
golgi body
a structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell
Hesitate
To stop because of not being able to decide; put off acting because of feeling unsure
historians
people who study and write about the human past
homeostasis
the ability of a living thing to keep conditions inside its body constant
Horizontal
Lying flat; lying or extending from side to side (as opposed to going up and down)
Humane
kind; sympathetic; merciful; gentle
hurricanes
fierce tropical storms with strong winds
hypothesis
a tentative theory about the natural world
imploringly
in a pleading, begging manner
Improper
Not in good taste; not right for a situation; not suitable
indescribable
not able to be told about in words; beyond description
Indicate
to show; serve as a sign or signal
Inhabit
to live in
integral
Necessary to complete something; essential
integrity
honesty, high moral standards; dependable, completeness, soundness
Intentional
done on purpose; planned
Interference
the act of getting in the way of something; meddling in someone else's business
Interpret
To explain the meaning of; make sense of
intricate
complicated, complex, detailed
kingdom
a basic group of natural objects
kingdom
the largest group into which living things can be classified
law
a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society
Linger
To delay leaving; remain, especially as if unwilling to leave
low power objective
contains the lens with the lowest power magnification
luminous
giving off light
luxurious
rich and superior in quality
Maintain
To continue; carry on; keep in existence
maize
corn
mammoths
large, hairy elephants that lived during the Ice Age
mastodons
prehistoric furry elephants
Minimum
Smallest in size or amount that is allowed or possible; least
Miserable
Very unhappy or uncomfortable
Misinterpret
To understand incorrectly
missions
religious settlements run by Catholic Priests and friars.
mitochondrion
cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
multicellular
made of many cells
Neutral
not taking sides in a quarrel
nobles
people from rich and powerful families
nomadic
tending to travel and change settlements frequently
northers
sudden blasts of cold air that extend south from Canada and sweep across the plains
nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
Nuestro Padre San Francisco de Los Tejas
a spanish mission attacked by french invasions from present day louisiana and rebuilt several times
Objection
a dislike; feeling of being against something; disapproval
Obnoxious
very unpleasant; distasteful; disgusting
obsolete
out-of-date, no longer in use
Occur
To happen; take place
ominous
menacing; threatening
order
established customary state (especially of society)
organ
a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
organism
Any living thing
Originate
To come into being ; start
overwhelmed
rendered powerless especially by an excessive amount or profusion of something
Paleo-Indians
the ancient peoples of the Americas who were present at the end of the last Ice Age.
Particular
Specific; separate and distinct; single
Peculiar
unusual, strange
Penalize
To punish; cause to suffer for doing something wrong
Phenomenon
Any unusual occurrence
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of an organism
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of an organism
plaza
a public square
Potential
A natural ability that may or may not develop; possibility
precipitation
the falling to earth of any form of water (rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist)
precise
sharply exact or accurate
Preference
first choice, favorite
prehistory
the time during the development of human culture before the appearance of the written word
Preserve
to protect; keep in good condition
presidios
spanish military bases built to protect the missions
Principal
first or among the first in importance or rank, most important; main; leading
prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Propose
To put forward for thinking over or accepting; suggest (an idea)
Pursue
to try to get or succeed in; seek
Recollect
To remember; bring an image or idea back to mind
Reduction
a decrease; cutback
region
a large indefinite location on the surface of the Earth
Rejection
saying "no" to a request or desire; refusal
Reliable
Able to be depended on; trustworthy
Reluctant
Unwilling; wanting not to do something
Resort
To turn or go (to) for help; use for aid
Respond
to answer, either by word or by action
Restore
to bring back to normal or former condition; repair
Revise
To change in order to improve or to include new information
ribosome
an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell
ruefully
with regret
scientific methods
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions
self-consciously
feeling embarrassed, leeking self-esteem
serene
peaceful, relaxing
shaman
an ancient doctor, healer, or priest, they were called upon for religious ceremonies
significant
important in effect or meaning
solar power
The use of sunlight to generate electricity
Solitary
Happening or done alone
spontaneous generation
the idea that living things come from nonliving things
St. Denis
He built the trading post of Natchitoches on the Red River in Louisiana. He was appointed by the French government.
stage clips
hold the microscope slide in place
stage
supports the microscope slide
Suitable
Right for a certain purpose; proper; fitting
Surplus
Extra; more than what is needed or used
technology
the practical application of science to commerce or industry
tentatively
unsure; uncertain; not definite or positive; hesitant
theory
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function
tornadoes
violent, spiraling winds that move in a narrow path over land.
Transform
to change in form or appearance
transmit
send from one person or place to another
tributaries
small river or stream that flows in to a larger river or stream; a branch of the river
Ultimate
Greatest; highest possible
unanimously
in complete agreement
unicellular
consisting of one cell
unpredictable
not able to be known in advance
Unstable
unsteady; wobbly; not reliable
Utilize
to make use of; put to use, especially to good use
Vague
Not clear; not exact; not definite
Vanish
To disappear from sight
vaqueros
skilled riders who herded cattle on ranches in Mexico, California, and the Southwest
variable
A factor that can change in an experiment
Variety
A number of different kinds; assortment
Version
One form of a basic story, song or program
Vibrant
vigorous, energetic, radiant, sparkling, vivacious
viceroy
a representative of a king or of a country
weary
exhausted or tired through overuse or great strain or stress
Wholesome
Tending to improve the character, the mind, or the body
Abrupt
Sudden and unexpected
Abundant
Very plentiful; more than enough
Accompany
to go along with; be together with
accumulate
collect or gather
Accustomed
In the habit of; used to
Adequate
Good enough to meet the need
Advise
To give advice to recommend
Aggravate
to make worse
agriculture
the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
alcalde
the chief official of a Spanish Settlement
Analyze
To examine carefully; study closely
Anticipated
To expect; to foresee
Appeal
To make an important request (to someone for something)
archaea
domain which consists of single-celled prokaryotes that have distinctive cell membranes and cell walls (Archaeabacteria)
Archaic Era
800 bc- 479 bc
archeology
the study of ancient cultures based on artifacts and other remains
arm
supports the body tube
artifact
an object made by someone in the past
assimilated
to blend in, to incorporate information into the mind
Astonish
to surprise or greatly amaze
astronomy
the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
atlatl
notched throwing stick used by hunters to propel spears farther and faster.
Attitude
a point of view; state of mind; way of thinking or feeling
Awkward
Clumsy; Not graceful
ayuntamiento
city hall
Betray
to be disloyal; turn against
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
biogenesis
the production of living organisms from other living organisms
blizzard
A heavy snowstorm with strong winds
body tube
connects the eyepiece to the revolving nosepiece
Brutal
Cruel; harsh; heartless
Category
a group of people or things having something in common; type
Cease
to stop; discontinue; quit
cell membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
cell membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
cell wall
a strong barrier that supports and protects plant cells
cell
the building blocks of all life
cells
the building blocks of all living things
Challenge
Something difficult to accomplish
chaos
a state of extreme confusion and disorder
chapel
a small building or place set aside for prayer and worship
chloroplast
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy
civil settlements
a town of settlers usually near a mission or a presidio
Classify
To arrange or organize into groups or types; place in a category
climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
Coincide
to happen at the same time
colonists
a group of people who settle in a new country
Comparison
the act of checking or judging how two or more things are alike or different
Complex
Not simple; not easy to understand or figure out
conquistadors
spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
Consent
To agree to something
Considerable
rather great; rather large
conspicuous
easily or plainly seen
Contrast
an obvious difference
control
in an experiment, the standard that is used for comparison
course adjustment
focuses the image in place
Critical
disapproving; tending to find fault
cultures
Way of life for a group of people who share similar beliefs & customs
Current
Modern; existing now; in general use or practice today
Customary
Usual; commonly done
cytology
the study of cells
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
cytosol
the semifluid portion of the cytoplasm
Deliberate
done on purpose; carefully planned
Demonstrate
to explain or teach by showing
Dependent
Relying on something/someone
Deprive
To take away from; keep from having or enjoying
designated
Chosen for a special purpose
Desperate
Having a great need or desire
Determine
to find out exactly; figure out
Discipline
To punish; cause to suffer for doing something wrong
Dispose
to throw or give away; get rid of
Dispute
an argument; a quarrel
Distinct
Clear; obvious; easy to see or notice
DNA
unique genetic material found in all living things
domesticate
make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans
drought
a long period of dry weather
Eager
Looking forward to with great interest or desire
economy
system by which goods and services are produced and distributed to meet people's needs
Eliminate
To get rid of; do away with
elsewhere
the place the townspeople are sent when they are released
Emphasis
Special attention; importance given to something
empire
a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
empowered
to give power or authority to; to enable; to permit
endoplasmic reticulum
a cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to another
Endure
to put up with; bear patiently
epidemic
the rapid spread of a disease among many people
erosion
condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the action of water and wind
Establish
To bring into being; set up
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Evident
obvious; clear
Exaggerate
to say that something is larger or greater than it really is; overstate
Excessive
too much; more than is reasonable
Exclaim
To speak or cry out suddenly, as from strong feelings or surprise
excuciating
causing great pain
exhilarating
invigorating and refreshing; cheering
expeditions
journeys by organized groups with definite objectives
extinct
No longer in existence
eyepiece
contains magnifying lenses you look through
Father Hidalgo
spanish friar that led a rebellion in 1810
Fertile
capable of producing / soil that can grow crops
fiestas
festivals or celebrations
fine adjustment
sharpens the image under high magnification
Formative Era
time where the major urban hearths came into existance
Fragile
easily broken or damaged
friar
A member of a catholic religious order
frigid
very cold
Frustration
a feeling of anger and helplessness that comes from misfortune, defeat, or failure; disappointment
Furthermore
In addition; besides
genus
a classification grouping that contains similar, closely related organisms
genus
a classification of plants and animals
golgi body
a structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell
Hesitate
To stop because of not being able to decide; put off acting because of feeling unsure
historians
people who study and write about the human past
homeostasis
the ability of a living thing to keep conditions inside its body constant
Horizontal
Lying flat; lying or extending from side to side (as opposed to going up and down)
Humane
kind; sympathetic; merciful; gentle
hurricanes
fierce tropical storms with strong winds
hypothesis
a tentative theory about the natural world
imploringly
in a pleading, begging manner
Improper
Not in good taste; not right for a situation; not suitable
indescribable
not able to be told about in words; beyond description
Indicate
to show; serve as a sign or signal
Inhabit
to live in
integral
Necessary to complete something; essential
integrity
honesty, high moral standards; dependable, completeness, soundness
Intentional
done on purpose; planned
Interference
the act of getting in the way of something; meddling in someone else's business
Interpret
To explain the meaning of; make sense of
intricate
complicated, complex, detailed
kingdom
a basic group of natural objects
kingdom
the largest group into which living things can be classified
law
a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society
Linger
To delay leaving; remain, especially as if unwilling to leave
low power objective
contains the lens with the lowest power magnification
luminous
giving off light
luxurious
rich and superior in quality
Maintain
To continue; carry on; keep in existence
maize
corn
mammoths
large, hairy elephants that lived during the Ice Age
mastodons
prehistoric furry elephants
Minimum
Smallest in size or amount that is allowed or possible; least
Miserable
Very unhappy or uncomfortable
Misinterpret
To understand incorrectly
missions
religious settlements run by Catholic Priests and friars.
mitochondrion
cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
multicellular
made of many cells
Neutral
not taking sides in a quarrel
nobles
people from rich and powerful families
nomadic
tending to travel and change settlements frequently
northers
sudden blasts of cold air that extend south from Canada and sweep across the plains
nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
Nuestro Padre San Francisco de Los Tejas
a spanish mission attacked by french invasions from present day louisiana and rebuilt several times
Objection
a dislike; feeling of being against something; disapproval
Obnoxious
very unpleasant; distasteful; disgusting
obsolete
out-of-date, no longer in use
Occur
To happen; take place
ominous
menacing; threatening
order
established customary state (especially of society)
organ
a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
organism
Any living thing
Originate
To come into being ; start
overwhelmed
rendered powerless especially by an excessive amount or profusion of something
Paleo-Indians
the ancient peoples of the Americas who were present at the end of the last Ice Age.
Particular
Specific; separate and distinct; single
Peculiar
unusual, strange
Penalize
To punish; cause to suffer for doing something wrong
Phenomenon
Any unusual occurrence
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of an organism
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of an organism
plaza
a public square
Potential
A natural ability that may or may not develop; possibility
precipitation
the falling to earth of any form of water (rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist)
precise
sharply exact or accurate
Preference
first choice, favorite
prehistory
the time during the development of human culture before the appearance of the written word
Preserve
to protect; keep in good condition
presidios
spanish military bases built to protect the missions
Principal
first or among the first in importance or rank, most important; main; leading
prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Propose
To put forward for thinking over or accepting; suggest (an idea)
Pursue
to try to get or succeed in; seek
Recollect
To remember; bring an image or idea back to mind
Reduction
a decrease; cutback
region
a large indefinite location on the surface of the Earth
Rejection
saying "no" to a request or desire; refusal
Reliable
Able to be depended on; trustworthy
Reluctant
Unwilling; wanting not to do something
Resort
To turn or go (to) for help; use for aid
Respond
to answer, either by word or by action
Restore
to bring back to normal or former condition; repair
Revise
To change in order to improve or to include new information
ribosome
an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell
ruefully
with regret
scientific methods
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions
self-consciously
feeling embarrassed, leeking self-esteem
serene
peaceful, relaxing
shaman
an ancient doctor, healer, or priest, they were called upon for religious ceremonies
significant
important in effect or meaning
solar power
The use of sunlight to generate electricity
Solitary
Happening or done alone
spontaneous generation
the idea that living things come from nonliving things
St. Denis
He built the trading post of Natchitoches on the Red River in Louisiana. He was appointed by the French government.
stage clips
hold the microscope slide in place
stage
supports the microscope slide
Suitable
Right for a certain purpose; proper; fitting
Surplus
Extra; more than what is needed or used
technology
the practical application of science to commerce or industry
tentatively
unsure; uncertain; not definite or positive; hesitant
theory
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function
tornadoes
violent, spiraling winds that move in a narrow path over land.
Transform
to change in form or appearance
transmit
send from one person or place to another
tributaries
small river or stream that flows in to a larger river or stream; a branch of the river
Ultimate
Greatest; highest possible
unanimously
in complete agreement
unicellular
consisting of one cell
unpredictable
not able to be known in advance
Unstable
unsteady; wobbly; not reliable
Utilize
to make use of; put to use, especially to good use
Vague
Not clear; not exact; not definite
Vanish
To disappear from sight
vaqueros
skilled riders who herded cattle on ranches in Mexico, California, and the Southwest
variable
A factor that can change in an experiment
Variety
A number of different kinds; assortment
Version
One form of a basic story, song or program
Vibrant
vigorous, energetic, radiant, sparkling, vivacious
viceroy
a representative of a king or of a country
weary
exhausted or tired through overuse or great strain or stress
Wholesome
Tending to improve the character, the mind, or the body
Abrupt
Sudden and unexpected
Abundant
Very plentiful; more than enough
Accompany
to go along with; be together with
accumulate
collect or gather
Accustomed
In the habit of; used to
Adequate
Good enough to meet the need
Advise
To give advice to recommend
Aggravate
to make worse
agriculture
the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
alcalde
the chief official of a Spanish Settlement
Analyze
To examine carefully; study closely
Anticipated
To expect; to foresee
Appeal
To make an important request (to someone for something)
archaea
domain which consists of single-celled prokaryotes that have distinctive cell membranes and cell walls (Archaeabacteria)
Archaic Era
800 bc- 479 bc
archeology
the study of ancient cultures based on artifacts and other remains
arm
supports the body tube
artifact
an object made by someone in the past
assimilated
to blend in, to incorporate information into the mind
Astonish
to surprise or greatly amaze
astronomy
the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
atlatl
notched throwing stick used by hunters to propel spears farther and faster.
Attitude
a point of view; state of mind; way of thinking or feeling
Awkward
Clumsy; Not graceful
ayuntamiento
city hall
Betray
to be disloyal; turn against
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
biogenesis
the production of living organisms from other living organisms
blizzard
A heavy snowstorm with strong winds
body tube
connects the eyepiece to the revolving nosepiece
Brutal
Cruel; harsh; heartless
Category
a group of people or things having something in common; type
Cease
to stop; discontinue; quit
cell membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
cell membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
cell wall
a strong barrier that supports and protects plant cells
cell
the building blocks of all life
cells
the building blocks of all living things
Challenge
Something difficult to accomplish
chaos
a state of extreme confusion and disorder
chapel
a small building or place set aside for prayer and worship
chloroplast
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy
civil settlements
a town of settlers usually near a mission or a presidio
Classify
To arrange or organize into groups or types; place in a category
climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
Coincide
to happen at the same time
colonists
a group of people who settle in a new country
Comparison
the act of checking or judging how two or more things are alike or different
Complex
Not simple; not easy to understand or figure out
conquistadors
spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
Consent
To agree to something
Considerable
rather great; rather large
conspicuous
easily or plainly seen
Contrast
an obvious difference
control
in an experiment, the standard that is used for comparison
course adjustment
focuses the image in place
Critical
disapproving; tending to find fault
cultures
Way of life for a group of people who share similar beliefs & customs
Current
Modern; existing now; in general use or practice today
Customary
Usual; commonly done
cytology
the study of cells
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
cytosol
the semifluid portion of the cytoplasm
Deliberate
done on purpose; carefully planned
Demonstrate
to explain or teach by showing
Dependent
Relying on something/someone
Deprive
To take away from; keep from having or enjoying
designated
Chosen for a special purpose
Desperate
Having a great need or desire
Determine
to find out exactly; figure out
Discipline
To punish; cause to suffer for doing something wrong
Dispose
to throw or give away; get rid of
Dispute
an argument; a quarrel
Distinct
Clear; obvious; easy to see or notice
DNA
unique genetic material found in all living things
domesticate
make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans
drought
a long period of dry weather
Eager
Looking forward to with great interest or desire
economy
system by which goods and services are produced and distributed to meet people's needs
Eliminate
To get rid of; do away with
elsewhere
the place the townspeople are sent when they are released
Emphasis
Special attention; importance given to something
empire
a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
empowered
to give power or authority to; to enable; to permit
endoplasmic reticulum
a cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to another
Endure
to put up with; bear patiently
epidemic
the rapid spread of a disease among many people
erosion
condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the action of water and wind
Establish
To bring into being; set up
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Evident
obvious; clear
Exaggerate
to say that something is larger or greater than it really is; overstate
Excessive
too much; more than is reasonable
Exclaim
To speak or cry out suddenly, as from strong feelings or surprise
excuciating
causing great pain
exhilarating
invigorating and refreshing; cheering
expeditions
journeys by organized groups with definite objectives
extinct
No longer in existence
eyepiece
contains magnifying lenses you look through
Father Hidalgo
spanish friar that led a rebellion in 1810
Fertile
capable of producing / soil that can grow crops
fiestas
festivals or celebrations
fine adjustment
sharpens the image under high magnification
Formative Era
time where the major urban hearths came into existance
Fragile
easily broken or damaged
friar
A member of a catholic religious order
frigid
very cold
Frustration
a feeling of anger and helplessness that comes from misfortune, defeat, or failure; disappointment
Furthermore
In addition; besides
genus
a classification grouping that contains similar, closely related organisms
genus
a classification of plants and animals
golgi body
a structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell
Hesitate
To stop because of not being able to decide; put off acting because of feeling unsure
historians
people who study and write about the human past
homeostasis
the ability of a living thing to keep conditions inside its body constant
Horizontal
Lying flat; lying or extending from side to side (as opposed to going up and down)
Humane
kind; sympathetic; merciful; gentle
hurricanes
fierce tropical storms with strong winds
hypothesis
a tentative theory about the natural world
imploringly
in a pleading, begging manner
Improper
Not in good taste; not right for a situation; not suitable
indescribable
not able to be told about in words; beyond description
Indicate
to show; serve as a sign or signal
Inhabit
to live in
integral
Necessary to complete something; essential
integrity
honesty, high moral standards; dependable, completeness, soundness
Intentional
done on purpose; planned
Interference
the act of getting in the way of something; meddling in someone else's business
Interpret
To explain the meaning of; make sense of
intricate
complicated, complex, detailed
kingdom
a basic group of natural objects
kingdom
the largest group into which living things can be classified
law
a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society
Linger
To delay leaving; remain, especially as if unwilling to leave
low power objective
contains the lens with the lowest power magnification
luminous
giving off light
luxurious
rich and superior in quality
Maintain
To continue; carry on; keep in existence
maize
corn
mammoths
large, hairy elephants that lived during the Ice Age
mastodons
prehistoric furry elephants
Minimum
Smallest in size or amount that is allowed or possible; least
Miserable
Very unhappy or uncomfortable
Misinterpret
To understand incorrectly
missions
religious settlements run by Catholic Priests and friars.
mitochondrion
cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
multicellular
made of many cells
Neutral
not taking sides in a quarrel
nobles
people from rich and powerful families
nomadic
tending to travel and change settlements frequently
northers
sudden blasts of cold air that extend south from Canada and sweep across the plains
nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
Nuestro Padre San Francisco de Los Tejas
a spanish mission attacked by french invasions from present day louisiana and rebuilt several times
Objection
a dislike; feeling of being against something; disapproval
Obnoxious
very unpleasant; distasteful; disgusting
obsolete
out-of-date, no longer in use
Occur
To happen; take place
ominous
menacing; threatening
order
established customary state (especially of society)
organ
a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
organism
Any living thing
Originate
To come into being ; start
overwhelmed
rendered powerless especially by an excessive amount or profusion of something
Paleo-Indians
the ancient peoples of the Americas who were present at the end of the last Ice Age.
Particular
Specific; separate and distinct; single
Peculiar
unusual, strange
Penalize
To punish; cause to suffer for doing something wrong
Phenomenon
Any unusual occurrence
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of an organism
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of an organism
plaza
a public square
Potential
A natural ability that may or may not develop; possibility
precipitation
the falling to earth of any form of water (rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist)
precise
sharply exact or accurate
Preference
first choice, favorite
prehistory
the time during the development of human culture before the appearance of the written word
Preserve
to protect; keep in good condition
presidios
spanish military bases built to protect the missions
Principal
first or among the first in importance or rank, most important; main; leading
prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Propose
To put forward for thinking over or accepting; suggest (an idea)
Pursue
to try to get or succeed in; seek
Recollect
To remember; bring an image or idea back to mind
Reduction
a decrease; cutback
region
a large indefinite location on the surface of the Earth
Rejection
saying "no" to a request or desire; refusal
Reliable
Able to be depended on; trustworthy
Reluctant
Unwilling; wanting not to do something
Resort
To turn or go (to) for help; use for aid
Respond
to answer, either by word or by action
Restore
to bring back to normal or former condition; repair
Revise
To change in order to improve or to include new information
ribosome
an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell
ruefully
with regret
scientific methods
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions
self-consciously
feeling embarrassed, leeking self-esteem
serene
peaceful, relaxing
shaman
an ancient doctor, healer, or priest, they were called upon for religious ceremonies
significant
important in effect or meaning
solar power
The use of sunlight to generate electricity
Solitary
Happening or done alone
spontaneous generation
the idea that living things come from nonliving things
St. Denis
He built the trading post of Natchitoches on the Red River in Louisiana. He was appointed by the French government.
stage clips
hold the microscope slide in place
stage
supports the microscope slide
Suitable
Right for a certain purpose; proper; fitting
Surplus
Extra; more than what is needed or used
technology
the practical application of science to commerce or industry
tentatively
unsure; uncertain; not definite or positive; hesitant
theory
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function
tornadoes
violent, spiraling winds that move in a narrow path over land.
Transform
to change in form or appearance
transmit
send from one person or place to another
tributaries
small river or stream that flows in to a larger river or stream; a branch of the river
Ultimate
Greatest; highest possible
unanimously
in complete agreement
unicellular
consisting of one cell
unpredictable
not able to be known in advance
Unstable
unsteady; wobbly; not reliable
Utilize
to make use of; put to use, especially to good use
Vague
Not clear; not exact; not definite
Vanish
To disappear from sight
vaqueros
skilled riders who herded cattle on ranches in Mexico, California, and the Southwest
variable
A factor that can change in an experiment
Variety
A number of different kinds; assortment
Version
One form of a basic story, song or program
Vibrant
vigorous, energetic, radiant, sparkling, vivacious
viceroy
a representative of a king or of a country
weary
exhausted or tired through overuse or great strain or stress
Wholesome
Tending to improve the character, the mind, or the body
Abrupt
Sudden and unexpected
Abundant
Very plentiful; more than enough
Accompany
to go along with; be together with
accumulate
collect or gather
Accustomed
In the habit of; used to
Adequate
Good enough to meet the need
Advise
To give advice to recommend
Aggravate
to make worse
agriculture
the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
alcalde
the chief official of a Spanish Settlement
Analyze
To examine carefully; study closely
Anticipated
To expect; to foresee
Appeal
To make an important request (to someone for something)
archaea
domain which consists of single-celled prokaryotes that have distinctive cell membranes and cell walls (Archaeabacteria)
Archaic Era
800 bc- 479 bc
archeology
the study of ancient cultures based on artifacts and other remains
arm
supports the body tube
artifact
an object made by someone in the past
assimilated
to blend in, to incorporate information into the mind
Astonish
to surprise or greatly amaze
astronomy
the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
atlatl
notched throwing stick used by hunters to propel spears farther and faster.
Attitude
a point of view; state of mind; way of thinking or feeling
Awkward
Clumsy; Not graceful
ayuntamiento
city hall
Betray
to be disloyal; turn against
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
biogenesis
the production of living organisms from other living organisms
blizzard
A heavy snowstorm with strong winds
body tube
connects the eyepiece to the revolving nosepiece
Brutal
Cruel; harsh; heartless
Category
a group of people or things having something in common; type
Cease
to stop; discontinue; quit
cell membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
cell membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
cell wall
a strong barrier that supports and protects plant cells
cell
the building blocks of all life
cells
the building blocks of all living things
Challenge
Something difficult to accomplish
chaos
a state of extreme confusion and disorder
chapel
a small building or place set aside for prayer and worship
chloroplast
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy
civil settlements
a town of settlers usually near a mission or a presidio
Classify
To arrange or organize into groups or types; place in a category
climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
Coincide
to happen at the same time
colonists
a group of people who settle in a new country
Comparison
the act of checking or judging how two or more things are alike or different
Complex
Not simple; not easy to understand or figure out
conquistadors
spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
Consent
To agree to something
Considerable
rather great; rather large
conspicuous
easily or plainly seen
Contrast
an obvious difference
control
in an experiment, the standard that is used for comparison
course adjustment
focuses the image in place
Critical
disapproving; tending to find fault
cultures
Way of life for a group of people who share similar beliefs & customs
Current
Modern; existing now; in general use or practice today
Customary
Usual; commonly done
cytology
the study of cells
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
cytosol
the semifluid portion of the cytoplasm
Deliberate
done on purpose; carefully planned
Demonstrate
to explain or teach by showing
Dependent
Relying on something/someone
Deprive
To take away from; keep from having or enjoying
designated
Chosen for a special purpose
Desperate
Having a great need or desire
Determine
to find out exactly; figure out
Discipline
To punish; cause to suffer for doing something wrong
Dispose
to throw or give away; get rid of
Dispute
an argument; a quarrel
Distinct
Clear; obvious; easy to see or notice
DNA
unique genetic material found in all living things
domesticate
make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans
drought
a long period of dry weather
Eager
Looking forward to with great interest or desire
economy
system by which goods and services are produced and distributed to meet people's needs
Eliminate
To get rid of; do away with
elsewhere
the place the townspeople are sent when they are released
Emphasis
Special attention; importance given to something
empire
a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
empowered
to give power or authority to; to enable; to permit
endoplasmic reticulum
a cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to another
Endure
to put up with; bear patiently
epidemic
the rapid spread of a disease among many people
erosion
condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the action of water and wind
Establish
To bring into being; set up
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Evident
obvious; clear
Exaggerate
to say that something is larger or greater than it really is; overstate
Excessive
too much; more than is reasonable
Exclaim
To speak or cry out suddenly, as from strong feelings or surprise
excuciating
causing great pain
exhilarating
invigorating and refreshing; cheering
expeditions
journeys by organized groups with definite objectives
extinct
No longer in existence
eyepiece
contains magnifying lenses you look through
Father Hidalgo
spanish friar that led a rebellion in 1810
Fertile
capable of producing / soil that can grow crops
fiestas
festivals or celebrations
fine adjustment
sharpens the image under high magnification
Formative Era
time where the major urban hearths came into existance
Fragile
easily broken or damaged
friar
A member of a catholic religious order
frigid
very cold
Frustration
a feeling of anger and helplessness that comes from misfortune, defeat, or failure; disappointment
Furthermore
In addition; besides
genus
a classification grouping that contains similar, closely related organisms
genus
a classification of plants and animals
golgi body
a structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell
Hesitate
To stop because of not being able to decide; put off acting because of feeling unsure
historians
people who study and write about the human past
homeostasis
the ability of a living thing to keep conditions inside its body constant
Horizontal
Lying flat; lying or extending from side to side (as opposed to going up and down)
Humane
kind; sympathetic; merciful; gentle
hurricanes
fierce tropical storms with strong winds
hypothesis
a tentative theory about the natural world
imploringly
in a pleading, begging manner
Improper
Not in good taste; not right for a situation; not suitable
indescribable
not able to be told about in words; beyond description
Indicate
to show; serve as a sign or signal
Inhabit
to live in
integral
Necessary to complete something; essential
integrity
honesty, high moral standards; dependable, completeness, soundness
Intentional
done on purpose; planned
Interference
the act of getting in the way of something; meddling in someone else's business
Interpret
To explain the meaning of; make sense of
intricate
complicated, complex, detailed
kingdom
a basic group of natural objects
kingdom
the largest group into which living things can be classified
law
a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society
Linger
To delay leaving; remain, especially as if unwilling to leave
low power objective
contains the lens with the lowest power magnification
luminous
giving off light
luxurious
rich and superior in quality
Maintain
To continue; carry on; keep in existence
maize
corn
mammoths
large, hairy elephants that lived during the Ice Age
mastodons
prehistoric furry elephants
Minimum
Smallest in size or amount that is allowed or possible; least
Miserable
Very unhappy or uncomfortable
Misinterpret
To understand incorrectly
missions
religious settlements run by Catholic Priests and friars.
mitochondrion
cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
multicellular
made of many cells
Neutral
not taking sides in a quarrel
nobles
people from rich and powerful families
nomadic
tending to travel and change settlements frequently
northers
sudden blasts of cold air that extend south from Canada and sweep across the plains
nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
Nuestro Padre San Francisco de Los Tejas
a spanish mission attacked by french invasions from present day louisiana and rebuilt several times
Objection
a dislike; feeling of being against something; disapproval
Obnoxious
very unpleasant; distasteful; disgusting
obsolete
out-of-date, no longer in use
Occur
To happen; take place
ominous
menacing; threatening
order
established customary state (especially of society)
organ
a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
organism
Any living thing
Originate
To come into being ; start
overwhelmed
rendered powerless especially by an excessive amount or profusion of something
Paleo-Indians
the ancient peoples of the Americas who were present at the end of the last Ice Age.
Particular
Specific; separate and distinct; single
Peculiar
unusual, strange
Penalize
To punish; cause to suffer for doing something wrong
Phenomenon
Any unusual occurrence
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of an organism
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of an organism
plaza
a public square
Potential
A natural ability that may or may not develop; possibility
precipitation
the falling to earth of any form of water (rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist)
precise
sharply exact or accurate
Preference
first choice, favorite
prehistory
the time during the development of human culture before the appearance of the written word
Preserve
to protect; keep in good condition
presidios
spanish military bases built to protect the missions
Principal
first or among the first in importance or rank, most important; main; leading
prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Propose
To put forward for thinking over or accepting; suggest (an idea)
Pursue
to try to get or succeed in; seek
Recollect
To remember; bring an image or idea back to mind
Reduction
a decrease; cutback
region
a large indefinite location on the surface of the Earth
Rejection
saying "no" to a request or desire; refusal
Reliable
Able to be depended on; trustworthy
Reluctant
Unwilling; wanting not to do something
Resort
To turn or go (to) for help; use for aid
Respond
to answer, either by word or by action
Restore
to bring back to normal or former condition; repair
Revise
To change in order to improve or to include new information
ribosome
an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell
ruefully
with regret
scientific methods
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions
self-consciously
feeling embarrassed, leeking self-esteem
serene
peaceful, relaxing
shaman
an ancient doctor, healer, or priest, they were called upon for religious ceremonies
significant
important in effect or meaning
solar power
The use of sunlight to generate electricity
Solitary
Happening or done alone
spontaneous generation
the idea that living things come from nonliving things
St. Denis
He built the trading post of Natchitoches on the Red River in Louisiana. He was appointed by the French government.
stage clips
hold the microscope slide in place
stage
supports the microscope slide
Suitable
Right for a certain purpose; proper; fitting
Surplus
Extra; more than what is needed or used
technology
the practical application of science to commerce or industry
tentatively
unsure; uncertain; not definite or positive; hesitant
theory
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function
tornadoes
violent, spiraling winds that move in a narrow path over land.
Transform
to change in form or appearance
transmit
send from one person or place to another
tributaries
small river or stream that flows in to a larger river or stream; a branch of the river
Ultimate
Greatest; highest possible
unanimously
in complete agreement
unicellular
consisting of one cell
unpredictable
not able to be known in advance
Unstable
unsteady; wobbly; not reliable
Utilize
to make use of; put to use, especially to good use
Vague
Not clear; not exact; not definite
Vanish
To disappear from sight
vaqueros
skilled riders who herded cattle on ranches in Mexico, California, and the Southwest
variable
A factor that can change in an experiment
Variety
A number of different kinds; assortment
Version
One form of a basic story, song or program
Vibrant
vigorous, energetic, radiant, sparkling, vivacious
viceroy
a representative of a king or of a country
weary
exhausted or tired through overuse or great strain or stress
Wholesome
Tending to improve the character, the mind, or the body
Abrupt
Sudden and unexpected
Abundant
Very plentiful; more than enough
Accompany
to go along with; be together with
accumulate
collect or gather
Accustomed
In the habit of; used to
Adequate
Good enough to meet the need
Advise
To give advice to recommend
Aggravate
to make worse
agriculture
the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
alcalde
the chief official of a Spanish Settlement
Analyze
To examine carefully; study closely
Anticipated
To expect; to foresee
Appeal
To make an important request (to someone for something)
archaea
domain which consists of single-celled prokaryotes that have distinctive cell membranes and cell walls (Archaeabacteria)
Archaic Era
800 bc- 479 bc
archeology
the study of ancient cultures based on artifacts and other remains
arm
supports the body tube
artifact
an object made by someone in the past
assimilated
to blend in, to incorporate information into the mind
Astonish
to surprise or greatly amaze
astronomy
the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
atlatl
notched throwing stick used by hunters to propel spears farther and faster.
Attitude
a point of view; state of mind; way of thinking or feeling
Awkward
Clumsy; Not graceful
ayuntamiento
city hall
Betray
to be disloyal; turn against
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
biogenesis
the production of living organisms from other living organisms
blizzard
A heavy snowstorm with strong winds
body tube
connects the eyepiece to the revolving nosepiece
Brutal
Cruel; harsh; heartless
Category
a group of people or things having something in common; type
Cease
to stop; discontinue; quit
cell membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
cell membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
cell wall
a strong barrier that supports and protects plant cells
cell
the building blocks of all life
cells
the building blocks of all living things
Challenge
Something difficult to accomplish
chaos
a state of extreme confusion and disorder
chapel
a small building or place set aside for prayer and worship
chloroplast
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy
civil settlements
a town of settlers usually near a mission or a presidio
Classify
To arrange or organize into groups or types; place in a category
climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
Coincide
to happen at the same time
colonists
a group of people who settle in a new country
Comparison
the act of checking or judging how two or more things are alike or different
Complex
Not simple; not easy to understand or figure out
conquistadors
spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
Consent
To agree to something
Considerable
rather great; rather large
conspicuous
easily or plainly seen
Contrast
an obvious difference
control
in an experiment, the standard that is used for comparison
course adjustment
focuses the image in place
Critical
disapproving; tending to find fault
cultures
Way of life for a group of people who share similar beliefs & customs
Current
Modern; existing now; in general use or practice today
Customary
Usual; commonly done
cytology
the study of cells
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
cytosol
the semifluid portion of the cytoplasm
Deliberate
done on purpose; carefully planned
Demonstrate
to explain or teach by showing
Dependent
Relying on something/someone
Deprive
To take away from; keep from having or enjoying
designated
Chosen for a special purpose
Desperate
Having a great need or desire
Determine
to find out exactly; figure out
Discipline
To punish; cause to suffer for doing something wrong
Dispose
to throw or give away; get rid of
Dispute
an argument; a quarrel
Distinct
Clear; obvious; easy to see or notice
DNA
unique genetic material found in all living things
domesticate
make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans
drought
a long period of dry weather
Eager
Looking forward to with great interest or desire
economy
system by which goods and services are produced and distributed to meet people's needs
Eliminate
To get rid of; do away with
elsewhere
the place the townspeople are sent when they are released
Emphasis
Special attention; importance given to something
empire
a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
empowered
to give power or authority to; to enable; to permit
endoplasmic reticulum
a cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to another
Endure
to put up with; bear patiently
epidemic
the rapid spread of a disease among many people
erosion
condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the action of water and wind
Establish
To bring into being; set up
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Evident
obvious; clear
Exaggerate
to say that something is larger or greater than it really is; overstate
Excessive
too much; more than is reasonable
Exclaim
To speak or cry out suddenly, as from strong feelings or surprise
excuciating
causing great pain
exhilarating
invigorating and refreshing; cheering
expeditions
journeys by organized groups with definite objectives
extinct
No longer in existence
eyepiece
contains magnifying lenses you look through
Father Hidalgo
spanish friar that led a rebellion in 1810
Fertile
capable of producing / soil that can grow crops
fiestas
festivals or celebrations
fine adjustment
sharpens the image under high magnification
Formative Era
time where the major urban hearths came into existance
Fragile
easily broken or damaged
friar
A member of a catholic religious order
frigid
very cold
Frustration
a feeling of anger and helplessness that comes from misfortune, defeat, or failure; disappointment
Furthermore
In addition; besides
genus
a classification grouping that contains similar, closely related organisms
genus
a classification of plants and animals
golgi body
a structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell
Hesitate
To stop because of not being able to decide; put off acting because of feeling unsure
historians
people who study and write about the human past
homeostasis
the ability of a living thing to keep conditions inside its body constant
Horizontal
Lying flat; lying or extending from side to side (as opposed to going up and down)
Humane
kind; sympathetic; merciful; gentle
hurricanes
fierce tropical storms with strong winds
hypothesis
a tentative theory about the natural world
imploringly
in a pleading, begging manner
Improper
Not in good taste; not right for a situation; not suitable
indescribable
not able to be told about in words; beyond description
Indicate
to show; serve as a sign or signal
Inhabit
to live in
integral
Necessary to complete something; essential
integrity
honesty, high moral standards; dependable, completeness, soundness
Intentional
done on purpose; planned
Interference
the act of getting in the way of something; meddling in someone else's business
Interpret
To explain the meaning of; make sense of
intricate
complicated, complex, detailed
kingdom
a basic group of natural objects
kingdom
the largest group into which living things can be classified
law
a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society
Linger
To delay leaving; remain, especially as if unwilling to leave
low power objective
contains the lens with the lowest power magnification
luminous
giving off light
luxurious
rich and superior in quality
Maintain
To continue; carry on; keep in existence
maize
corn
mammoths
large, hairy elephants that lived during the Ice Age
mastodons
prehistoric furry elephants
Minimum
Smallest in size or amount that is allowed or possible; least
Miserable
Very unhappy or uncomfortable
Misinterpret
To understand incorrectly
missions
religious settlements run by Catholic Priests and friars.
mitochondrion
cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
multicellular
made of many cells
Neutral
not taking sides in a quarrel
nobles
people from rich and powerful families
nomadic
tending to travel and change settlements frequently
northers
sudden blasts of cold air that extend south from Canada and sweep across the plains
nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
Nuestro Padre San Francisco de Los Tejas
a spanish mission attacked by french invasions from present day louisiana and rebuilt several times
Objection
a dislike; feeling of being against something; disapproval
Obnoxious
very unpleasant; distasteful; disgusting
obsolete
out-of-date, no longer in use
Occur
To happen; take place
ominous
menacing; threatening
order
established customary state (especially of society)
organ
a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
organism
Any living thing
Originate
To come into being ; start
overwhelmed
rendered powerless especially by an excessive amount or profusion of something
Paleo-Indians
the ancient peoples of the Americas who were present at the end of the last Ice Age.
Particular
Specific; separate and distinct; single
Peculiar
unusual, strange
Penalize
To punish; cause to suffer for doing something wrong
Phenomenon
Any unusual occurrence
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of an organism
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of an organism
plaza
a public square
Potential
A natural ability that may or may not develop; possibility
precipitation
the falling to earth of any form of water (rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist)
precise
sharply exact or accurate
Preference
first choice, favorite
prehistory
the time during the development of human culture before the appearance of the written word
Preserve
to protect; keep in good condition
presidios
spanish military bases built to protect the missions
Principal
first or among the first in importance or rank, most important; main; leading
prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Propose
To put forward for thinking over or accepting; suggest (an idea)
Pursue
to try to get or succeed in; seek
Recollect
To remember; bring an image or idea back to mind
Reduction
a decrease; cutback
region
a large indefinite location on the surface of the Earth
Rejection
saying "no" to a request or desire; refusal
Reliable
Able to be depended on; trustworthy
Reluctant
Unwilling; wanting not to do something
Resort
To turn or go (to) for help; use for aid
Respond
to answer, either by word or by action
Restore
to bring back to normal or former condition; repair
Revise
To change in order to improve or to include new information
ribosome
an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell
ruefully
with regret
scientific methods
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions
self-consciously
feeling embarrassed, leeking self-esteem
serene
peaceful, relaxing
shaman
an ancient doctor, healer, or priest, they were called upon for religious ceremonies
significant
important in effect or meaning
solar power
The use of sunlight to generate electricity
Solitary
Happening or done alone
spontaneous generation
the idea that living things come from nonliving things
St. Denis
He built the trading post of Natchitoches on the Red River in Louisiana. He was appointed by the French government.
stage clips
hold the microscope slide in place
stage
supports the microscope slide
Suitable
Right for a certain purpose; proper; fitting
Surplus
Extra; more than what is needed or used
technology
the practical application of science to commerce or industry
tentatively
unsure; uncertain; not definite or positive; hesitant
theory
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function
tornadoes
violent, spiraling winds that move in a narrow path over land.
Transform
to change in form or appearance
transmit
send from one person or place to another
tributaries
small river or stream that flows in to a larger river or stream; a branch of the river
Ultimate
Greatest; highest possible
unanimously
in complete agreement
unicellular
consisting of one cell
unpredictable
not able to be known in advance
Unstable
unsteady; wobbly; not reliable
Utilize
to make use of; put to use, especially to good use
Vague
Not clear; not exact; not definite
Vanish
To disappear from sight
vaqueros
skilled riders who herded cattle on ranches in Mexico, California, and the Southwest
variable
A factor that can change in an experiment
Variety
A number of different kinds; assortment
Version
One form of a basic story, song or program
Vibrant
vigorous, energetic, radiant, sparkling, vivacious
viceroy
a representative of a king or of a country
weary
exhausted or tired through overuse or great strain or stress
Wholesome
Tending to improve the character, the mind, or the body