Upgrade to remove ads
ESL TeXeS Terminology
Vocabulary taught by Region X through CISD in preparation for certification testing TeXeS 154 supplement.
Terms in this set (71)
The process of adapting to a new culture. The process occurs through several strategies including assimilation & marginalization.
The members of a group are absorbed into a culture and lose characteristics of the first culture. The group is willing or forced to accept the surface and deep culture of the new culture and give up original cutlure.
Groups lacking desirable traits are excluded from society. These groups include poor. uneducated, undesirable color and language. These groups will stay on the margin of acceptance by society unless there is a social intervention.
Finding ways to adapt to and become part of the new culture while maintaining important values and customs of the original culture.
The psychological barrier that allows input to be filtered through to a language processing mechanism. A low filer has little anxiety increasing comprehension and attention.
Deciding to become like members of the new culture to accept their surface and deep culture, and giving up the original culture.
An educational program in which two languages are used during instruction in order to 1) continue primary language development, 2) provide instruction in content in both L1 and L2, and 3) English acquisition.
(Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills)
(Cummins, J. 1979-1980)
Skills necessary for functioniong in everyday life, face to face interactions. These skills usually take about two years to develop in most second language learners.
Refers to function of the left and right hemispheres of the brain which affects language acquisition.
CALP (Cummins, J. 1979-80)
(Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency)
The aspects of language linked to literacy and academic achievement. These skills usually take five to seven years to fully develop in second language learners.
Chompsky, Noam Professor of Emeritus, MIT
Credited with the creation of the Theory of Generative Grammar. His natualistic approach to the study of language affected the philosophy of language and mind though the theory of the Language Acquisition Device. His work influenced the works of Krashen and Terrell among others.
Words which have a common origin. There are 3 types, TRUE, PARTIAL, & FALSE.
The word is spelled the same, meaning the same, but pronunciation will be different according to language structure of the words such as an accent mark. Ex. (English) rodeo (Spanish) rodeo
The word in other languages has the same origin but the spelling will differ. The meaning wilbe the same but the pronunciation due to the language structure will be diferent. Ex. (English) frangrance (Spanish) grancia (English) apple (Spanish) apfel
The wordin another language may have the same origin but will have a different spelling and a different meaning. Pronunciation will be different. Ex. (English) exit - to go out, leave (Spanish) exito-success (English) embarrased-uncomfortable (Spanish) embarazada-pregnant
Learning strategies that are taught to promote independent learning and higher order thinking skills.
Language that is understood by the learner. Focuses on meanding first and uses simplified speech.
The implying or suggesting of an additional meaning for a word or phrase apart form the explicit meaning.
"Culture is the shared beliefes, values, and rule governed patterns of behavior that define a group." Peregoy & Boyle 2001. Culture includes what people know and believe, what prople do, and what people make and use.
Part of culture that can be seen: language, clothing, food, customs, and art.
Below the surface are the more meaningful and powerful aspects of culture.
A) Believes - What we see as truth
B) Norms - Unwritten rules for behavior
C) Values - What we hold most important
The realization of the depth of difference between home culture and the new culture; may cause frustration, anger, and depression.
Professor, University of Toronto/ is one of the world's leading authorities on bilingual education and second language acquisition. The acronyms "BICS" and "CALP" were first introduced by him in 1979-1980. The distinction of the two skills were intended to draw attention to different time periods required by the learner in the language acquisition process.
The most specific or literal, meaning of a word, as opposed to its figurative senses or acquisition process.
A variety of a language defined by both geographical factors and social factors, such as class, religion, and ethnicity.
A continuous stretch of speech or written text going beyond a sentence to express thought.
English Language Learner
English Language Proficiency Standards
English as a Second Language
English for Speakers of Other Languages
The tendency to assume that their beliefs, values, and customs are the only right way and the inability to see value in difference.
i + 1
The input hypothesis is Krashen's attempt to explain how the learner acquires a second language. The input hypothesis is only concerned with "acquistion," not learning. According to his hypothesis, the learner improves and progresses along the "natural order" when he/she receives a second language "input" that is one step beyond his/her current stage of linguistic competence.
(Idea Proficiency Test)
One of three state approved oral language proficiency tests. It may be used for identification/entry/exit and annual assessment.
When an ESL specialist goes into the mainstream classroom in order to work with the ESL student.
University of S. California. Expert in the field of linguistics in the theories of language acquisiton and development. Consist of 5 main hypotheses. 1. Acquistion learning 2. Monitor 3. Natural Order 4. Input 5. Affective Filter
(Language Assessment Scales)
One of three state approved oral language proficiency tests. It may be used for identification/ entry/ exit and annual assessment
(Linguistically Accommodated Test)
Alternative math, reading and science assessment for ELLs who are LEP exempt from the regular state test.
L1 is primary or native language L2 is second language
Our innate abililty to use abstract symbols to communicate meaning. The medium used can be speech, writing, & signs.
Aspects of Language the teacher is explicitly trying to develop that include: listening, writing, speaking, or reading.
Language that is used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting ranging from formal to intimate.
Lau v. Nichols
A 1974 Supreme Court case: "There is no equality of treatment merely by providing students with the same facilities, textbooks, teachers, and curriculum; for students who do not understand English are effectively foreclosed from any meaningful education." This case required that schools provide some form of language assistance that was effective.
Limited English Proficient
The entire stock of words belonging to a branch of knowledge or known by somebody terms relating to a certain subject or vocabulary.
A situation in which a word has two or more meanings.
(Language Proficiency Assessment Committee)
Committee made up of one or more professional personnel and a parent of a LEP student participating in the program. Recommends appropriate placement of students assessed as LEP.
The smallest linguistic unit that has a meaning or grammatical function (stem, prefix, suffix)
The study of how words are structured and how they are put together from smaller parts (morphemes)
Student who does not meet the criteria to meet limiited English proficiency.
Oral Language Proficiency Test
His linguistic theory is the one preferred for language.
Smallest unit of meaningfull sound.
The ability to deal explicitly with segmental sound units smaller than a syllable. Ex. The sound units in D O G
Study of sounds of the human speech.
Involves teaching children to connect sounds with lettters or groups of lettters. Ex. (K) can be represented B, C, K, or Ch spellings.
The study of how sounds are organized and used in a language. Phonology sytems may differ from language to language.
Proficiency level discriptors.
The study of how the meaning conveyed by a word or sentence depends on the context in which it is used (such as time, place, social relationship between speaker and hearer, and speaker's assumption about the hearer's beliefs). Ex: He kicked a (ball) into the net for a goal. She dribbled the (ball) down the court and made a three point shot. She putted the (ball) a distance of eighteen feet. She smacked the (ball) over the left field fence for a homerun.
Unfair and unreasonable opinion formed without adequate knowledge or thought.
Classes in which students are withdrawn from the mainstream regular subject classes for one or more periods a week for English language instruction.
Concrete objects from the everyday world used during instruction to make input comprehensible.
Support the teacher provides to the student in the learning process so that the student will be able to complete the task independently.
The study of linguistic meaning. It is concerned with the meanings of words, morphenes, phrases and sentences. Semantics is the study of the meaning of words and ways in which the meanings change and develop.
Also referred to as a transition or bridges class. Students cover the same content areas as English only classes but they do so in a manner that adapts the language components of the classes to meet the needs of the language minority students' English proficieny levels.
Overgeneralized of oversimplification of beliefs about a particular group based on heresay and a limited amount of personal experience.
The way in which words are constreucted for meanings and how sentences are related to each other.
(Texas English Language Proficiency Assessment System)
The RPTE and TOP assessments fall under this system.
-Students are rated annualy on their proficiency of listening, speaking, reading and writing. Every student is supposed to make adequately year progress by improving a level each year from beginning to advanced-high based upon the Proficiency Level Descriptors (P.L.D.s)
Federal funding to provide supplemental resources to education agencies to help ensure LEP students attain English proficiency at high levels in academic core areas.
A tonal language is one in which pitch is used to distinguish words. All languages use intonation to express emotion or other such nuances but not every language uses tone to distinguish lexical meaning.
(Texas Observation Protocol)
Listening, speaking, and writing assessment for grades 2-12 to show adequate yearly progress. This test is also given in K-1 for all four domains.
(1896-1934) He was a Soviet development psychologist, who worked on ideas about cognitive development, particularly the relationship between language and thinking. An aspect of Vygotsky's theory is that the potential for cognitive development depends upon the Zone of Proximal Development: a level of development attained when children engage in social behavior. The range of skill that can be developed with adult guidance or peer collaboration exceeds what can be attained alone.
(Woodcock-Munoz Literacy Survey)
One of three state approved oral language proficiency tests. It may be used for indentification/entry/exit and annual assessment.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
TExES ESL 154
ESL TExES Vocabulary
ESL TEXES Supplemental
ESL TEXES Supplemental
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
TeXes ESL Supplement Test (154)
MTEL ESL 54 Glossary/Vocabulary
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Intro to Ed Ch. 3 Terms
ESL Academy - Vocabulary
Ch. 13 Social Psychology