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65 terms

mental and emotional problems test

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mental disorder
an illness of the mind that can affect the THOUGHTS, FEELINGS, BEHAVIORS of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life
stigma
a mark of shame or disapproval that results in an individual being shunned or rejected by others
why do many people with mental disorder not seek treatment?
feel embarrassed or ashamed or worried about the stigma (mark of shame or disapproval that results in an individual being shunned or rejected by others)
mood disorder
an illness that involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday living
types of mood disorder
depression, bipolar (manic-depressive) disorder
depression
a prolonged feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness
what age groups are depression most common in
teens, senior citizesn are also very vulnerable to depression
symptoms of depression
persistent sad or irritable mood
loss of interest in activities once enjoyed
significant change in appetite or body weight
difficulty sleeping or oversleeping
physical signs of nervousness
loss of energy
feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt
difficulty concentrating
recurrent thoughts of death or suicide
causes and effects of depression
changes in thinking (trouble making descisions, self-destructive thoughts)
changes in feeling (apathy:lack of strong feeling, interest, or concern)
changes in behavior (too emotional, eating too little or too much, neglect basic hygiene, withdraw form social situations)
types of depression
major depression, mild depression/dysthymia, adjustment disorder, seasonal affective disorder
major depression
intense and can last for weeks or months
mild depression/dysthymia
less severe symptoms, but can last for years
adjustment disorder
reaction to a specific life event
ex:moving to another area
seasonal affective disorder
changes in seasons affects emotions
usually occurs in fall or winter
sun gives you vitamin d
another name for bipolar disorder
manic-depressive
manic-depressive
changing behavior between mania and depression; extreme mood swings
mania
lots of energy, racing thoughts, less need for sleep, etc.
apathy
lack of strong feeling, interest, or concern
anxiety disorder
a condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control
types of anxiety disorder
general anxiety diorder (GAD)
phobia
obssessive-compulsive disorder
panic disorder
post-traumatic stress disorder (ptsd)
general anxiety disorder
excessive or unrealistic worry about life circumstances. symptoms include muscle tension, inability to relax, change in appetite, difficulty sleeping, headache, stomache ache
who is general anxiety disorder common in
teens
phobia
abnormal fear
obssesive-compulsive disorder
persistent thoughts, fears, urges (obsessions) leading to uncontrollable repetitive behaviors (compulsions)
ex: fear of germs leads to constant hand washing
panic disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by unpredictable panic attacks of feelings of terror
panic attack symptoms
increased heart rate, choking, nausea, trembling
post-traumatic stress disorder
develops after exposure to a terrifying event
symptoms include flashbacks, nightmares, guilt, sleeplessness, problems concentrating, emotional numbness
another name for schizophrenia
psychotic disorder
schizophrenia
a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
completely out of touch with reality
ex: person may think he/she is abraham lincoln
impulse control disorder
a condition in which people cannot resist the urge to hurt themselves or others
may be used as a way to bring pleasure
types of impulse control disorders
kleptomania
cutting
pyromania
excessive gambling
compulsive shooping
kleptomania
unplanned theft of objects
cutting
repetitive cutting on parts of the body that can be hidden
pyromania
setting fires to feel pleasure or release tension
excessive gambling
continuing to gamble despite heavy losses
compulsive shopping
spending money on items that you can't afford and don't need
eating disorders:
a condition which causes teens to put pressure on themselves to look a certain way
anorexia nervosa
starve yourself to death becaue fear of weight gain
bulimia nervosa
cycles of overeating and purging
binge eating disorder
people regularly go on eating binges but don't vomit afterwards
conduct disorder
anything that gets you in trouble with the law
examples of conduct disorder
stealing, cruelty, lying, aggression, violence, truancy(failure to attend), arson (intentional burning), vandalism
personality disorder
when a person's personality is so unusual that it interferes with happiness and daily living
examples of personality disorder
avoidant personality, dependent personality, passive-agressive personality, antisocial personality
suicide
the act of intentionally taking one's own life
it is a cry for help
number leading cause of death for teens ages blank to blank
3rd leading cause of death
for teens ages 15-19
cry for help
desparate effort to end pain of problems that have been overwhelming
possible reasons for suicide
depression, family problems(divorce), pressure to succeed
3 suicide risk factors
more than 90% are suffering from depression or another mental disorder
have a history abusing drugs or alcohol
exposure to other teens who have died by suicide (this leads to cluster suicides)
cluster suicides
a series of suicides occuring within a short period of times and involving several people in the same school or community
how you can helps a suicidal person
1. initiate meaningful conversation : be a good listener, don't lecture or change subject
2. show support and ask questions
3. try to persuade the person to seek help (don't feel like you have to fix the problem and don't leave the person alone)
counselor
a professional who handles personal and educational manners
school psychologist
a professional who specializzes in assesment of learning, emotional, and behavioral problems of school children
in our school, person who sends out checklists to teachers and then meets with student who has problems
psychiatrist
doctor/physican who diagnoses and treats mental disorders and can prescribe medications
neurologist
a physician/doctor who specializes in physical disorders of the brain and nervous system
clinical psychologist
a professional who diagnoses and treats emotional and behavioral disorders with counseling. some can prescribe medications
psychiatric social worker
a professional who provides guidance and treatment for emotional problems
works at a hospital, mental health clinic, or family service agency
treatment methods
psychotherapy, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, family therapy, group therapy, drug therapy
psychotherapy
an ongoing dialogue between a patient and a mental health professional that may help the patient understand the illness and better deal with it
behavior therapy
treatment process that focuses on changing unwanted behaviors through rewards and reinforcements
cognitive therapy
treatment processs to identify and correct bad thinking patterns
family therapy
to help family be more positive
provide support and education
group therapy
treat a group of people who have similar problems
drug therapy
use of certain medications to treat or reduce the symptoms of mental disorder
types of mental disorders
mood disorder, anxiety disorder,conduct disorder, schizophrenia, personality disorder, impulse control disorder, eating disorder