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mental disorder

an illness of the mind that can affect the THOUGHTS, FEELINGS, BEHAVIORS of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life


a mark of shame or disapproval that results in an individual being shunned or rejected by others

why do many people with mental disorder not seek treatment?

feel embarrassed or ashamed or worried about the stigma (mark of shame or disapproval that results in an individual being shunned or rejected by others)

mood disorder

an illness that involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday living

types of mood disorder

depression, bipolar (manic-depressive) disorder


a prolonged feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness

what age groups are depression most common in

teens, senior citizesn are also very vulnerable to depression

symptoms of depression

persistent sad or irritable mood
loss of interest in activities once enjoyed
significant change in appetite or body weight
difficulty sleeping or oversleeping
physical signs of nervousness
loss of energy
feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt
difficulty concentrating
recurrent thoughts of death or suicide

causes and effects of depression

changes in thinking (trouble making descisions, self-destructive thoughts)
changes in feeling (apathy:lack of strong feeling, interest, or concern)
changes in behavior (too emotional, eating too little or too much, neglect basic hygiene, withdraw form social situations)

types of depression

major depression, mild depression/dysthymia, adjustment disorder, seasonal affective disorder

major depression

intense and can last for weeks or months

mild depression/dysthymia

less severe symptoms, but can last for years

adjustment disorder

reaction to a specific life event
ex:moving to another area

seasonal affective disorder

changes in seasons affects emotions
usually occurs in fall or winter
sun gives you vitamin d

another name for bipolar disorder



changing behavior between mania and depression; extreme mood swings


lots of energy, racing thoughts, less need for sleep, etc.


lack of strong feeling, interest, or concern

anxiety disorder

a condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control

types of anxiety disorder

general anxiety diorder (GAD)
obssessive-compulsive disorder
panic disorder
post-traumatic stress disorder (ptsd)

general anxiety disorder

excessive or unrealistic worry about life circumstances. symptoms include muscle tension, inability to relax, change in appetite, difficulty sleeping, headache, stomache ache

who is general anxiety disorder common in



abnormal fear

obssesive-compulsive disorder

persistent thoughts, fears, urges (obsessions) leading to uncontrollable repetitive behaviors (compulsions)
ex: fear of germs leads to constant hand washing

panic disorder

an anxiety disorder characterized by unpredictable panic attacks of feelings of terror

panic attack symptoms

increased heart rate, choking, nausea, trembling

post-traumatic stress disorder

develops after exposure to a terrifying event
symptoms include flashbacks, nightmares, guilt, sleeplessness, problems concentrating, emotional numbness

another name for schizophrenia

psychotic disorder


a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
completely out of touch with reality
ex: person may think he/she is abraham lincoln

impulse control disorder

a condition in which people cannot resist the urge to hurt themselves or others
may be used as a way to bring pleasure

types of impulse control disorders

excessive gambling
compulsive shooping


unplanned theft of objects


repetitive cutting on parts of the body that can be hidden


setting fires to feel pleasure or release tension

excessive gambling

continuing to gamble despite heavy losses

compulsive shopping

spending money on items that you can't afford and don't need

eating disorders:

a condition which causes teens to put pressure on themselves to look a certain way

anorexia nervosa

starve yourself to death becaue fear of weight gain

bulimia nervosa

cycles of overeating and purging

binge eating disorder

people regularly go on eating binges but don't vomit afterwards

conduct disorder

anything that gets you in trouble with the law

examples of conduct disorder

stealing, cruelty, lying, aggression, violence, truancy(failure to attend), arson (intentional burning), vandalism

personality disorder

when a person's personality is so unusual that it interferes with happiness and daily living

examples of personality disorder

avoidant personality, dependent personality, passive-agressive personality, antisocial personality


the act of intentionally taking one's own life
it is a cry for help

number leading cause of death for teens ages blank to blank

3rd leading cause of death
for teens ages 15-19

cry for help

desparate effort to end pain of problems that have been overwhelming

possible reasons for suicide

depression, family problems(divorce), pressure to succeed

3 suicide risk factors

more than 90% are suffering from depression or another mental disorder
have a history abusing drugs or alcohol
exposure to other teens who have died by suicide (this leads to cluster suicides)

cluster suicides

a series of suicides occuring within a short period of times and involving several people in the same school or community

how you can helps a suicidal person

1. initiate meaningful conversation : be a good listener, don't lecture or change subject
2. show support and ask questions
3. try to persuade the person to seek help (don't feel like you have to fix the problem and don't leave the person alone)


a professional who handles personal and educational manners

school psychologist

a professional who specializzes in assesment of learning, emotional, and behavioral problems of school children
in our school, person who sends out checklists to teachers and then meets with student who has problems


doctor/physican who diagnoses and treats mental disorders and can prescribe medications


a physician/doctor who specializes in physical disorders of the brain and nervous system

clinical psychologist

a professional who diagnoses and treats emotional and behavioral disorders with counseling. some can prescribe medications

psychiatric social worker

a professional who provides guidance and treatment for emotional problems
works at a hospital, mental health clinic, or family service agency

treatment methods

psychotherapy, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, family therapy, group therapy, drug therapy


an ongoing dialogue between a patient and a mental health professional that may help the patient understand the illness and better deal with it

behavior therapy

treatment process that focuses on changing unwanted behaviors through rewards and reinforcements

cognitive therapy

treatment processs to identify and correct bad thinking patterns

family therapy

to help family be more positive
provide support and education

group therapy

treat a group of people who have similar problems

drug therapy

use of certain medications to treat or reduce the symptoms of mental disorder

types of mental disorders

mood disorder, anxiety disorder,conduct disorder, schizophrenia, personality disorder, impulse control disorder, eating disorder

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