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27 terms

AP US History Chapter 5

STUDY
PLAY
Conquest of the Cradle
a phrase that described how the Americans were able to succed by simply reproducing faster than Britain
Pennsylvania Dutch
German immigrants who left Germany because of religious persecution, economic problems and war
Scots- Irish
scottish people who lived in Ireland, but moved to Pennsylvania
Paxton Boys
an army against the Quakers and their light policy on Indians
Regulators
an insurrection against eastern domination of the colony's affairs
"Great Wagon Road"
an area of Scots- Irish settlement- Appalachin foothills
Agriculture
the leading industry in the colonies
Triangular Trade
rum to Africa, slaves to the West-Indies, and sugar to New England
Lumbering
the most important manufacturing activity
Navigation Acts
tariffs that controled trade with other countries- lead to rebellious feelings
Samuel Adams
person who helped found the patroit movement
Anglican and Congregational
the two established churches in America
The Great Awakening
1730s - 1740s religious revival of Puritan faith- Jonathan Edwards
Jonathan Edwards
minister in Northampton who emphasized the need for grace
George Whitfield
loud preacher who caused many to convert during the Great Awakening
Old Lights
orthodox clergymen that did not support the Awakening
New Lights
ministers who supported the Awakening
University of Pennsylvania
the first college free from denomination
John Trumbull
painter, forced to go to London
Charles Wilson Peale
portraits of George Washington, ran museum
Benjamin West
painter, close friend of George III
John Singleton Copley
painter, went to London because he was a Loyalist
Phylis Wheatley
poet
Benjamin Franklin
wrote Poor Richard's Almanack
Poor Richard's Almanack
book that had pithy, homespun sayings
John Peter Zenger
person who printed mean things about the government and was decided "not guilty" - freedom of press
Lord Cornbury
worst governor of New Jersey and New York- drunk gambler