Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (61)
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
A dosease that breaks down the bodys immune system. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations) or through explosure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances
Chemical germicide formulated for use on skin; registered are regulated by the food and and Drug Administration
Showing no symptoms or signs of infection
Singular: bacillus. Short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are most common bacteria and produce diseases such as lockjaw, typhoid fever, tuberculosis & diphtheria
One celled microprganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless
Bacteria capable of producing a producing a protective coating that allows them to withstand very harsh environments, and shed the coating when conditions become more favorable
Capable of destroying bacteria
The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells
Colonies of bacteria that adhere together and adhere to enviromental surfaces
Disease causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids; such as hepatitis & HIV
Also known as chelating detergents; they break down stubborn films and remove the residue of pedicure products such as scrubs, salts, & masks
A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many disease-causing germs. Cleaning also removes invisible debris that interfere with disinfection. Cleaning is what cosmetologists are required to do before disinfecting
Round shaped bacteria that appear singly or alone or in groups. The three types of cocci are Staphylococci, Streptococci, and Diplococci
Also known as communicable disease, disease that is spread from one person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivities (pinkeye), viral infections, and natural nail or toe and foot infections
The presence or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infections materials on an items surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin
The removal of blood and all other potentially infections material on an items surface, and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust, hair, and skin
Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or diagnostics tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from preforming a diagnosis
Spherical bacteria that growns in pairs and causes diseases such as pnueumonia
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking
An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or irs systems or organs, which makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function
Chemical products approved by the EPA designed to destroy most bacteria, funji, and viruses on surfaces
A chemical process that destroys most, but not necessarily all, harmful organisms, on environmental surfaces. The pathogens of concern in the cosmotology industry are effectiely destroyed by the disinfection process, which is required in all states.
The ability to produce an effect
Contact with non-intact (broken) skin, blood, body fluid, or other potentially infectious material that is the result of the performance of an employees duties
Slender, hair-like extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomotion (moving about). May also be referred to as cilia
Synonym tinea Barbae. Also known as barbers itch, inflammation of the hair follicles caused by a bacterial infection from ingrown hairs. The cause is typically from ingrown hairs due to shaving or other methods
Single called organisms that grow in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts; can produce contagious diseases such as ringworm.
Capable of destroying fungi.
A bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver
Disinfectants that are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids
Human immunodeficiency Virus
HIV, virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
Human papilloma virus
HPV; A virus that causes warts in humans, but is also the cause of cervical cancer in women. When the virus infects the bottom of the foot and resembles small black dots, usually in clustered groups, it is also called plantar warts.
The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection. Immunity against disease can be either natural or acquired, and is a sign of good health
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object such as razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface
The invasion of body tissues by disease causing pathogens
Are the methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms
Caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection
Disease called by pathogenic (harmful) microorganism that enter the body. An infectious disease may be spread from one person to another person
Condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection; characterized by redness, heat, pain, and swelling
An infection, such as a pimple or abscess, that is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus.
Material Safety Data Sheet
MSDS; replaced by Safety Data Sheet; information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precaution to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings.
Methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
MRSA; type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to conventional treatments due to incorrect doses or choice of antibiotic
Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size.
A type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects, but does not cause human infections in the salon
Also known as reusable items; items that can be cleaned, disinfected, and used on more that one person, even if the item is accidentally exposed to blood of body fluid
A microscopic germ that normally exists in tap water in small numbers
Immunity that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living.
Harmless microorganisms that may preform useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause disease or harm.
An item that is made of constructed of a material that has no pores or openings and cannot absorb liquids
Illness resulting from conditions associated with employment,such as prolonged and repeated overexposed products or ingredients
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites must have a host to survive.
Disease caused by parasites, such as lice and mites
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
Disease produced by organisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites
Powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants. They are a form of formaldehyde, have a very high pH, and can damage the skin and eyes
Made or constructed of a material that has pores or openings. Porous items are absorbent.
A fluid created by infection
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
Commonly known as "quats"; are products made of quaternary ammonium cations and are designed for disinfections
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Milady Chapter 21: Haircoloring
cosmotology state board study guide
Cosmotology Ch 20 Chemical Texture Services
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Milady: Chapter 5
Chapter 5: Infection Control: Principles and Pract…
Cosmo Chapter 5
Milady Standard Cosmetology Chapter 5 Infection Co…
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Chapter 5 Vocab
Miladys Standard Cosmetology Chapter 5
CHAPTER 5 GLOSSARY
Chapter 5 glossary Of milady standard