Geography Test

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Terms in this set (...)

Name the seven continents
N. America, S. America, Asia, Europe, Africa, Australia and Antarctica
List your cardinal and intermediate directions
N,S,E,W NW,NE,SW,SE
Longitude (meridians)
imaginary lines that run north and south, but measure East and West. 0° longitude is the same as the Prime Meridian.
Latitude (parallels)
imaginary lines that run east and west, but measure North and South. 0º latitude is the equator.
Range:
A chain of connected mountains.
Lake
A body of water surrounded by land
River
A large stream of water that flows through the land into a lake, sea, or ocean
Desert
Dry, barren land
Peninsula
A piece of land jutting into the water and almost surrounded by it
Volcano
An opening in the earth's crust through which lava, steam, & rock fragments erupt
Archipelago
a group of islands
Physical maps
show landforms, bodies of water, and elevation EX: a map showing the lakes and rivers in Texas
Political maps
show countries, cities, and man-made boundaries EX: a map showing the counties in Texas.
Thematic maps
show specific ideas like climate, natural resources, or populations EX: a map showing the types of businesses in Austin.
Cartographer
a person who makes maps
Five Themes of geography—MR. HeLP
M-movement: how people, goods and ideas get from one place to another
R.-region: an area with common features that set it apart from other areas (ex. Middle East)
He-human environment interaction: the interaction between the people and their environment (how people change the land and how the land changes the people)
L-location: 1. absolute: a specific location on Earth (ex: your address, longitude & latitude)
2. relative: describes what landmarks are located around the area (ex. Fire station, park etc. that are nearby)
P-place: physical and cultural features (ex. Austin has hills and lakes)
Elements of a map
1. compass rose: shows directions on a map
• cardinal directions: north(N), south(S), east (E) and west(W)
• intermediate: northeast(NE), southeast(SE), southwest(SW), northwest(NW)
2. symbols: a picture or mark that stands for something on a map like a city, activity, or natural resource.
3. scale: a unit of length on a map that compares to actual distance on the Earth.
4. legend: a key that list and explains the symbols on a map
5. title: the subject of a map
6. labels: words that name things on a map.
Geography
The study of the earth and its people
5 oceans:
Atlantic, Arctic, Indian, Pacific, and Southern
Landforms
Distinct natural features found on the Earth.