Human Needs/Maslow's Theory of Hierarchy of needs
Terms in this set (10)
MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS History
Theory in psychology
Proposed by Abraham Maslow
1943 paper: "A Theory of Human Motivation"
Wanted to understand what motivates people
Believed that people possess a set of motivation systems
People are motivated to achieve certain needs and that some needs take precedence over others
When one need is fulfilled, a person seeks to fulfill the next one, and so on
MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
Often portrayed in the pyramid shape
Largest, most fundamental levels of needs at the bottom and the need for self-actualization at the top
Most fundamental and basic four layers of the pyramid contain what Maslow called "deficiency needs": esteem, friendship and love, security, and physical needs
If these "deficiency needs" are not met with the exception of the most fundamental (physiological) need, the individual will feel anxious and tense
Theory suggests that the most basic level of needs must be met before the individual will strongly desire the secondary or higher level needs
Deficiency, or basic needs are said to motivate people when they are unmet.
The need to fulfill such needs will become stronger the longer the duration they are denied.
Ex: the longer a person goes without food the more hungry they will become.
One must satisfy lower level deficit needs before
progressing on to meet higher level growth needs
When a deficit need has been satisfied it will go away
Once growth needs have been reasonably satisfied, one may be able to reach the highest level called self-actualization
Every person has the desire to move up the hierarchy toward a level of self-actualization.
Progress often disrupted by failure to meet lower level needs.
Life experiences, including divorce and loss of job may
cause an individual to fluctuate between levels of the hierarchy
Only one in a hundred people become fully self-actualized
MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS overall
Interdisciplinary theory that is useful for designating priorities of care
The hierarchy includes five levels of priority
The hierarchy of needs is a useful way for nurses to plan individualized care for their patient.
Some needs are more basic than others and should be met before other needs
MASLOW'S HIERARCHY The Pyramid order
Safety & security
Love & belonging
Air, (Oxygen), fluids (water), nutrition (food), body temperature, elimination, shelter, rest. Most basic needs.
Most important so it should be met first
physical safety & psychological safety, personal security, financial security, health and well-being, safety net against accidents/illness
Most likely in kids
Love & Belonging
friendship, social relationships, intimacy, affection and love from family, friends, romantic relationships
strong in children
can often override safety
self-confidence self-respect, usefulness (letting client make choices) independence, achievement, self-worth
realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences
most satisfaction, strong ethical and moral standards
tend to try new things more often
MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS order to go in (if you need to jump around, what takes priority)
Basic physiological and safety needs are usually the first priority, especially when a patient is severely dependent physically.
○Nurses may encounter patients that have no immediate physical and safety needs that have to be met, so then higher priority is given to the
other needs of the patient (psychological, sociocultural, developmental, or spiritual)
○ It is unrealistic to always expect a patient's basic needs to occur in the fixed hierarchical order.