U. S. History - Chapter 5 - Creating a New Government
Terms in this set (18)
Makes the laws, and supposed to be the most powerful branch.
Interpreted (translation) the laws, judges.
Carried out the laws.
A political system without a monarch, that people elect for their representative.
Articles of Confederations
* Was an association of independent sovereign states with common goals.
* Many were upset with the congress and the Articles of Confederation
- States required taxes to be pain in hard currency
- Business between the states
- Unpaid creditors and veterans of the war
1787, a meeting held in Philadelphia at which delegates from the states wrote the constitution.
* "Father of the constitution"
* Kept the most detailed notes during the meetings in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation.
* Written by James Madison
1) Create a new national government with three branches (legislative, executive, and judicial branches).
2) Bicameral legislature - members of a lower house would be elected. A state's representatives would be bases on population. The Lower house would then choose the upper house.
3) National government can be force states to follow laws.
* William Patterson proposed this plan.
1) Kept Articles of Confederation but gave Congress more powers
2) Unicameral legislature: each state getting one vote
3) Executive with two-thirds people chosen by Congress
4) Executives would appoint a Supreme Court
* proposed a compromise:
1) Bicameral legislature (VA)
2) Lower House would equal number of representatives, determined by population (VA)
3) Upper House would equal to the number of representatives (NJ)
Three- Fifths Compromise
1787, An agreement stating that enslaved people would be counted as three-fifths of a person when determine a state's population for representation in the lower house of Congress.
Checks and Balances
Providing each branch with the power to slow or stop an action taken by other branches.
The framers who supported the ratification of the Constitution.
Distrusted central authority and believed the newly proposed constitution favored the wealthy and educated.
Madison, John Dickinson, Alexander Hamilton, Washington, and Franklin.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution.
Are powers that the Constitution doesn't specifically give to the federal government or deny to the states.
A framework for a strong national government with certain powers left to the states
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