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Unit 2 World Geography
Terms in this set (75)
A society in which different cultural groups keep their own identity, beliefs, and traditions
an area defined by one or more natural or cultural characteristics that set it apart from other area
found in or living in a city
found in or living in areas that are not close to cities
a geographic region that is well suited for permanent settlement by people. Areas not included in the ecumene are generally too dry, too cold, or too rugged for permanent settlement.
a city that is the governmental center of a country or region
a climate or climate zone with warm, rainy summers and cool, snowy winters
Moisture that falls from the sky as rain,snow, and hail.
dry, with little rainfall; a climate or climate zone with hot, dry summers and cool, dry winters]
A climate or climate zone with cold, snowy winters and cool, rainy summers
marine west coast
a climate or climate zone with warm summers, cool winters, and rainfall all year
A climate zone with very cold winters, cold summers, and little rain or snow; a vast, treeless plain in the arctic regions between the ice cap and the tree line; also a vegetation zone that is a treeless plain with grasses, mosses, and scrubs adapted to acold climate
a useful material that is found in nature, such as water, wood, coal, or oil
the planting, growing, and harvesting of trees
electricity that is generated from the power of moving water
A geographic region with too little rainfall to support much plant life; also a vegetation zone]
a large mass of ice found near Earth's poles (continental glacier) or in a high, cold mountain valley (alpine glacier)
community of all the living things in an area and the environment in which they live
made up of water that is fresh, not salty. This term is also used to describe creatures that live in fresh water, such as freshwater fish.
A geographic area that includes all of the land and waterways that drain into a body of water. Sometimes a watershed is also called a drainage basin.
the feeding relationships within an ecosystem. Each living thing in a food web provides food energy to other living things within that ecosystem.
a series of plants and animals, each of which depends on the one below it for food. A food chain usually forms part of a much larger food web.
damage to the natural environment caused by harmful substances; also refers to harmful substances
water pollution from a single place, such as a discharge pipe at a plant that treats sewage
A chemical that is poisonous to humans or other living things
pollution that does not come from a single location, but rather from many sources such as runoff from farms
water from rainfall that is not absorbed into the soil and instead flows into streams or lakes
Something that pollutes, or damages, air, soil, or water
bits of soil left in a place by moving water
nonnative plants and animals that invade an ecosystem
the natural environment in which a plant or animal lives
an area where the soil is usually wet or covered with water
A developed area at the edge of a city that is mainly homes. Many ------ also have stores and businesses.
the rapid, often poorly planned spread of development from an urban area outward into rural area
a major population center made up of a large city and the smaller suburbs and towns that surround it
the older part of a big city. Often the urban core serves as the downtown or central business district of a city.
The ring of small towns and suburbs that surround a big city
The small towns, farms, and open spaces that lie just beyond a city's suburbs
the ways in which people use a particular area of Earth's surface; for example, for farming, development, or preservation
urban growth boundaries
a legal border that separates an area where development is permitted from an area where development is forbidden
public transit system
a network of buses, trains, and other vehicles used for moving passengers
development that combines housing and businesses in one area
the process of filling in empty or run-down parts of a city with new development
a large area of land that a government has set aside in order to preserve it in its natural state
A map that uses contour lines and symbols to show a region's physical and human features. These features may include hills, valleys, rivers, lakes, roads, trails, and buildings.
a spring that throws a jet of hot water or steam into the air
all the animal life in a particular region
All the plant life in a particular region
someone who works to protect the beauty and natural resources of the environment from destruction or pollution
a sharp, narrow mountain ridge
a deep, bowl-shaped basin on a mountain in which melting ice often forms a lake
A small valley carved into a mountainside from which water often cascades in a waterfall
a sharp mountain peak shaped like a pyramid
a mass of dirt and rock that has been left by a glacier as it retreats
a series of mountain ridges in North America that separate the streams and rivers that flow west into the Pacific Ocean from those that flow east into the Arctic and Atlantic oceans
a warm-blooded animal that has a backbone and is usually covered with fur or hair
a large, coniferous forest located in a far northern latitude, just south of the tundra
a climate or climate zone with hot, rainy summers and mild winters with some rain
solid and liquid waste from homes and other buildings that is carried away by sewers or drains
waste materials from industry that are poisonous to humans or other living things
the using up of goods and services. This term is also used to describe the purchase and use of goods and services by consumers.
a poorer country with a less advanced economy. In general, developing countries are trying to increase their industries and improve life for their people.
length of a person's life
gross domestic product
the total value of goods and services produced in a country in a year
or for each person. A per capita figure is calculated by dividing the total amount of something by the number of people in a place
any fuel, such as petroleum, coal, and natural gas, that is made from the remains of prehistoric plants and animals
technology: the creation and use of tools to meet practical needs; also refers to the tools themselves
the creation and use of tools to meet practical needs; also refers to the tools themselves
the difference in opportunities available to people who have access to computers and the Internet and those who do not
the process of collecting used materials that would otherwise be thrown away and turning them into raw materials for new uses
to move from a country. People who leave a country are called emigrants.
To move to a country. People who move to another country are called immigrants.
constant flow of migrants from one country into another country. The largest migration stream into the United States today is from Mexico.
something that encourages people to leave a place behind
Something that encourages people to move to a new place
unfair treatment of a person or group based on class rather than individual worth