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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. John D. Rockefeller
  2. 10. Why the Liberal Republicans broke with President Grant and how this party splitweakened Republican Reconstruction
  3. 10 percent plan versus Wade-Davis bill
  4. Chief Dull Knife
  5. Andrew Carnegie
  1. a -founded the Standard Oil Company in 1870
    -stressed the importance of providing a reliable product in winning customer loyalty
    -had a passion for cost cutting and efficiency
    -forced out competitors but slashing prices
    -when some competitors banded together against him he set up a pool (an agreement among several companies) that established production quotas and fixed prices
    -this lead him to control 90% of the companies oil-refining capacity by 1879
    -1882: founded the Standard Oil Trust
    -within three years it had consolidated crude-oil buying throughout its member firms and slashed the number of refineries by half
    -he integrated the petroleum industry both vertically-by controlling every function from production to local retailing- and horizontally-by merging the competing oil companies into one giant system
  2. b -led 150 survivors from the Battle of Little Big Horn north in September 1878 to join the Sioux
    -they were chased down by the army and imprisoned in Fort Robinson, Nebraska
    -when the army denied their request to stay nearer to their traditional northern lands, tribal leaders refused to leave the fort. The post commander then withheld all food, water and fuel
    -January 1879, Dull Knife and his followers shot the guards and broke for freedom. Members of the startled garrison chased the Indians and gunned down half of them in the snow, including women, children, and Dull Knife himself
  3. c ...
  4. d -(1863) Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (10% plan)
    - full pardon would go to southerners who (1) took an oath of alliance and (2) accepted emancipation of slaves AND state gov't. could be reestablished and accepted as legitimate by president as soon as 10% of state voters took loyalty oath VS.
    -congress was against this and wanted Wade-Davis Bill (1864) Harsh Congressional Reconstruction bill that provided the president would appoint provisional governments for conquered states until a majority of voters (50%) took an oath of loyalty to the Union; it required the abolition of slavery by new state constitutions, the disenfranchisement of Confederate officials, and the repudiation of Confederate debt. Lincoln killed the bill with a pocket veto
  5. e -Scottish
    -started off poor and immigrated to America when he was 12 (1848)
    -was a bobbin boy in Pittsburgh and then a Western Union messenger boy
    -his big break came in 1852 when Tom Scott, superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad's western division, hired him as secretary and personal telegrapher
    -at 24 he took over as head of the line's western division
    -early 1870s he decided to build his own steel mill and he introduced the Bessemer production technology of blasting air through the steel to remove carbon and other impurities
    -used vertical integration (doing everything from gathering the raw materials to selling the finished product)
    -by 1900 Carnegie Steel, employing 20,000 people, had become the worlds largest corporation
    -eventually sold the company to J.P. Morgan
    -had ingenuity in transferring organizational systems and cost-accounting methods from railroads to steel
    -kept wages as low as possible

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. As American began more industrialized, big business sprung up and began , in several ways, to dominate the economy. This led to the debate of the role of government, and how much it should interfere with the economy. There were advocates of lassiez-faire and Social Darwinism, who believed: that the rich earned their money and deserved to be rich; that the poor were lazy and unproductive and deserved to be poor; that the government should not interfere because the proposed "invisible hand " of Adam Smith would guide the economy and that people were self-motivated. Opponents to these ideas argued : that the poor were not given the opportunity to rise from their ranks because of the dominance of the wealthy; that the wealthy had an obligation to given some of their money away; that the government was needed to regulate the big businesses from becoming even more overbearing; that monopolies were not good business technique and that they were unfair.
  2. ...
  3. organization of a single corporation to control all stages of manufacturing, from obtaining raw materials to marketing the finished product
  4. ...
  5. ...

5 True/False questions

  1. Henry Comstock and the Comstock Lode-formed in 1867
    -an association of farmers that provided social activities and information about new farming techniques
    -some local grange organizations became involved in cooperative buying and selling


  2. 10. What happened to the Hispanic population of the Southwest after 1848...


  3. 13. What southern Democrats meant by "redemption" and the policies they put into effect when they returned to power...


  4. severaltyan organized refusal to buy or use products or services so as to put pressure on producers to change their behavior


  5. greenbacks and the Greenback party-formed in 1867
    -an association of farmers that provided social activities and information about new farming techniques
    -some local grange organizations became involved in cooperative buying and selling