5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Chief Dull Knife
- George Armstrong Custer
- yellow-dog contract
- Thomas A. Edison
- Fetterman Massacre
- a Fetterman's army led into wilderness and ambushed by sioux, 82 soldiers killed, sparked public debate over indian policy
- b -born in 1847 in Milan, Ohio
-1868: his first major invention, the stock-quotation printer
-with the money he earned from patents, he was able to set up his first "invention factory" in Newark, New Jersey, a research facility tha the moved to nearby Menlo Park in 1876
-1877: invented the phonograph
-1879: perfected the light bulb
-backed financially by J.P. Morgan, the Edison Illuminating Company in 1882 opened a power plant in NYC's financial district, furnishing lighting for 85 buildings
-in the late 1800s he relinquished control of his enterprises being embittered in legal battles over patent infringements for his electric light
-1892: with J.P. Morgan's help, Edison's company merged with a major competitor to form the General Electric Company (GE)
-other inventions: mimeograph machine, the microphone, the motion-picture camera and film, and the storage battery
-1,093 patented inventions and an estate worth more than $6 million
- c united states general who was killed along with all his command by the sioux at the battle of little bighorn (1839-1876)
- d -led 150 survivors from the Battle of Little Big Horn north in September 1878 to join the Sioux
-they were chased down by the army and imprisoned in Fort Robinson, Nebraska
-when the army denied their request to stay nearer to their traditional northern lands, tribal leaders refused to leave the fort. The post commander then withheld all food, water and fuel
-January 1879, Dull Knife and his followers shot the guards and broke for freedom. Members of the startled garrison chased the Indians and gunned down half of them in the snow, including women, children, and Dull Knife himself
- e an agreement that employers forced employees to sign swearing that they would not join unions or strike
5 Multiple choice questions
- He was an advocate of Social Darwinism claiming that the rich were a result of natural selection and benefits society. He, like many others promoted the belief of Social Darwinism which justified the rich being rich, and poor being poor.
- 1866 - established by William Sylvis - wanted 8hr work days, banking reform, and an end to conviction labor - attempt to unite all laborers
- Last major piece of Reconstruction legislation this law prohibited racial discriminations in all public accommodations, transportation, places of amusement, and juries. Law was poorly enforced.
- -The benefits of big business were that they created a lot of jobs, lower prices, labor-saving products (sewing machine), and advances in transportation and communications. Also some people, such as Rockefeller and Carnegie, managed to accumulate a large fortune.
-The problems of big business were that the cost to start a company was so high that it bankrupted many people, workers were paid subsistence wages and could be fired at a moment's notice when hard times or new technologies made them expendable. Industrialization also was terrible for the environment, causing a lot of pollution (rivers fouled by oil or chemical waste, smoky skies filled with clouds of soot, and a landscape littered with reeking garbage and toxic materials. Also hours were long and working conditions were not always safe.
5 True/False questions
15. The beginnings of a conservation movement → ...
severalty → a rich mass of ore, as in mining; a sudden find of wealth
Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward → Rivaling Henry George, he wrote Looking Backward, a utopian novel, published in 1888, it described the experiences of a young Bostonian who went into a hypnotic sleep in 1887 and awoke in 2000, finding a new social order in which want, politics and vice were unknown. The society had emerged through peace and evolution, and all of the trusts of the 1800's joined together form one government controlled trust, which distributed the abundance of the industrial economy equally among all people. "Fraternal cooperation" replaced competition, there were no class divisions, and there was great nationalism.
Rutherford B. Hayes → United States labor leader (born in Ireland) who helped to found the Industrial Workers of the World (1830-1930)
Freedmen 's Bureau → 1865-Organization created at end of Civil War that aided southerns (mainly former slaves) with education, finding food, shelter and employment.