5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- 7. The type of government and society that settlers on the Great Plains created in the period 1870-1900
- Eugene Debs
- Henry George, Progress and Poverty
- greenbacks and the Greenback party
- Knights of the White Camellia, regulators, and Ku Klux Klan
- a California writer and activist, his angrily eloquent book Progress and Poverty, published in 1879, became one of the best selling nonfiction works in American publishing history. He blamed social problems on the ability of a few monopolists to grow wealthy as a result of rising land values, and that the increase in the value of the land was an unearned increment, produced by the growth of society, and that the profits belonged to the community.
- b Ku Klux Klan = An organization of white supremacists that used lynchings, beatings, and threats to control the black population in the United States. Expressed beliefs in respect for the American woman and things purely American [anti-immigrant]. Strongest periods were after the Civil War, a resurfacing in 1915 [on Stone Mountain, GA.] continuing through the 1920s, and another upsurge in the 1990s.
- c ...
- d Leader of the American Railroad Union. Directed railroad workers not to handle any trains with Pullman cars during the Pullman strike of 1894. Debs failed to respond to a federal court issued injunction, which forbid interference with the operation of the mails and ordering railroad workers to abandon the boycott and the strike. Debs was then arrested along with other union leaders. Their jailing ended the strike. Later, Debs concluded that more radical solutions were needed to cure labor's problems. He turned to socialism and founded the American Socialist party in 1900.
- e Name given to paper money issued by the government during the Civil War, so called because the back side was printed with green ink. They were not redeemable for gold, but $300 million were issued anyway. Farmers hit by the depression wanted to inflate the notes to cover losses, but Grant vetoed an inflation bill and greenbacks were added to permanent circulation. In 1879 the federal government finally made greenbacks redeemable for gold.
5 Multiple choice questions
- -led the Nez Perces on their flee to Canada
- Leader of knights of labor. It was the first effort to create National union. Open to everyone but lawyers and bankers. Vague program, no clear goals, weak leadership and organization. Failed
- an agreement that employers forced employees to sign swearing that they would not join unions or strike
- -sought to rally public opinion against the government's record of broken treaty obligations
-Her book exposed the unjust manner in which the US government had treated the Indians.
-protested the Dawes Severalty Act.
- Wovoka - he was a new prophet, who promised to restore the sioux to their original dominance on the plains if they performed the ghost dance
-religion practiced by the Sioux
-thought that a Native American messiah would come and banish the whites, return the buffalo, and give all land back to the Native Americans
-worried officials ordered Sioux leader Sitting Bull's arrest and attacked the Sioux at Wounded Knee
-December 28, 1890
-"battle" that marked the last military resistance of Native Americans to American expansion
-when American soldiers attempted to disarm a group of Sioux camped at Wounded Knee, a shot started a confused gunfight that killed 25 soldiers and more than 200 Sioux
5 True/False questions
Reconstruction Act of 1867 → Four statutes known as Reconstruction Acts following the Civil War. They created five military districts in the seceded states; each district was headed by a military official empowered to appoint state officials; voters (whites and freed blacks) were to be registered; states were to draft new constitutions providing for black male suffrage; states were required to ratify the 14th Amendment.
"Seward's Ice Box" → ...
John M. Chivington and the Sand Creek Massacre → -formed in 1867
-an association of farmers that provided social activities and information about new farming techniques
-some local grange organizations became involved in cooperative buying and selling
"bread and-butter" unionism → Refers to the mass movement of african americans from states along the mississippi river to kansas in the late nineteenth century, and was the first general migration of blacks following the civil war.
boycott → an agreement among formerly competing companies to set uniform prices and divide the business among themselves according to a predetermined formula; the purpose is to maximize profits by ending competition