5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Charles Sumner, Thaddeus Stevens, and the Radical Republicans
- 2. Why state and federal governments attempted to regulate railroad practices and why these attempts were unsuccessful
- Rutherford B. Hayes
- Henry W. Grady and the "New South Creed"
- Liberal Republicans and Horace Greeley
- a 19th president of the united states, was famous for being part of the Hayes-Tilden election in which electoral votes were contested in 4 states, most corrupt election in US history
- b Grady- This newspaper editor of the Atlanta Constitution encouraged S economic growth & proclaimed the boundless industrial potential.
NSC - The belief that the S unprecedented natural resourced and cheap labor, they argued made it a natural site for industrial development.
- c This group advocated civil service reform, an end of railroad subsidies, withdrawal of troops from the South, reduced tariffs, and free trade.
Horace Greeley = Editor of the New York Tribune; presidential nominee for the Liberal Republicans and the Democrats for the 1872 election; lost to Grant and died a few weeks after his defeat.
- d -Large railroads would purposely set their rate lower than smaller competitors to drive the competitor out of business. They would then raise the rates and hurt those using the lines.
-in the 1880s the Supreme Court negated the state governments attempts to set prices
-1887: Shelby M. Cullom's study lead Congress to pass the Interstate Commerce Act (which established the five-member Interstate Commerce Commission to oversee the prices of railroads that passed through more than one state)
-the law also banned monopolistic activity like pooling, rebates, and discriminatory short-distance rates
-by 1905 of the sixteen cases brought by the railroads to the Supreme Court, the Court had only sided against the railroads in one which in essence, negated the ICC
- e -Stevens = PA Congressman who hoped to revolutionize southern society through an extended period of military rule in which blacks would be free to exercise their civil rights, receive education, and receive lands from planter class (Radical Republican)
-Sumner = radical senator from MA
-radical rep's. = A small group of people in 1865 who supported black suffrage. They were led by Senator Charles Sumner and Congressman Thaddeus Stevens. They supported the abolition of slavery and a demanding reconstruction policy during the war and after.
5 Multiple choice questions
- New York politician and boss of local dem. party, who, through fraudulent billing and embezzlement, defrauded the city of New York out of between 25 and 200 million dollars. (with friends called the Tweed Ring)
-started off poor and immigrated to America when he was 12 (1848)
-was a bobbin boy in Pittsburgh and then a Western Union messenger boy
-his big break came in 1852 when Tom Scott, superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad's western division, hired him as secretary and personal telegrapher
-at 24 he took over as head of the line's western division
-early 1870s he decided to build his own steel mill and he introduced the Bessemer production technology of blasting air through the steel to remove carbon and other impurities
-used vertical integration (doing everything from gathering the raw materials to selling the finished product)
-by 1900 Carnegie Steel, employing 20,000 people, had become the worlds largest corporation
-eventually sold the company to J.P. Morgan
-had ingenuity in transferring organizational systems and cost-accounting methods from railroads to steel
-kept wages as low as possible
- after the war; usually meaning after the Civil War
- United States labor leader (born in Ireland) who helped to found the Industrial Workers of the World (1830-1930)
5 True/False questions
Homestead Act, 1862 → -designed to reform Indian's absence of property and their nomadic tradition by turning them into landowners and farmers
-emphasized severalty, or the treatment of Indians as individuals rather than as members of tribes, and called for the breakup of the reservations
--provided for the distribution of 160 acres of reservation land for farming, or 320 acres for grazing, to each head of an Indian family who accepted the law's provisions
-the remaining reservation lands (often the richest) were to be sold to speculators and settlers, and the income thus obtained would go toward purchase of farm tools
-to prevent unscrupulous people from gaining control of the lands granted to individual Indians, the government would hold the property of each tribal member in trust for 25 years. Those Indians who accepted allotments would in 25 years also be declared citizens of the U.S. with all the rights and responsibilities that attended such status, including the protection of federal laws and requirement to pay taxes
-had supported from western speculators, military authorities,and "friends of the Indian" like Helen Hunt Jackson
-most of the best land went to speculators and the Natives land was too dry and gravelly for farming
Bill that promised indians tracts of land to farm in order to assimilate them into white culture. the bill was resisted, uneffective, and disastrous to indian tribes
1. How the railroads stimulated the growth of large industrial corporations → Established on December 13, 1865 and drafted the 14th ammendment and required south to ratify it...Republicans in it included Thaddeus Stevens and 15 members
Chief Dull Knife → native to a region or to the original population of an area
Lester Frank Ward → Leader of the American Railroad Union. Directed railroad workers not to handle any trains with Pullman cars during the Pullman strike of 1894. Debs failed to respond to a federal court issued injunction, which forbid interference with the operation of the mails and ordering railroad workers to abandon the boycott and the strike. Debs was then arrested along with other union leaders. Their jailing ended the strike. Later, Debs concluded that more radical solutions were needed to cure labor's problems. He turned to socialism and founded the American Socialist party in 1900.
polygamy → a rich mass of ore, as in mining; a sudden find of wealth