5 Written questions
4 Matching questions
- Great Sioux Reserve
- "bread and-butter" unionism
- 9. Early state and federal efforts to regulate railroads and why they were ineffective
- a ...
- b also trade unionism- the union practice of concentrating on issues of immediate concern to its members, such as reducing hours and raising wages, rather than promoting broad social reforms
- c Reservation set aside after sioux tribes signed the fort laramie treaty
- d a rich mass of ore, as in mining; a sudden find of wealth
5 Multiple choice questions
- -born in 1847 in Milan, Ohio
-1868: his first major invention, the stock-quotation printer
-with the money he earned from patents, he was able to set up his first "invention factory" in Newark, New Jersey, a research facility tha the moved to nearby Menlo Park in 1876
-1877: invented the phonograph
-1879: perfected the light bulb
-backed financially by J.P. Morgan, the Edison Illuminating Company in 1882 opened a power plant in NYC's financial district, furnishing lighting for 85 buildings
-in the late 1800s he relinquished control of his enterprises being embittered in legal battles over patent infringements for his electric light
-1892: with J.P. Morgan's help, Edison's company merged with a major competitor to form the General Electric Company (GE)
-other inventions: mimeograph machine, the microphone, the motion-picture camera and film, and the storage battery
-1,093 patented inventions and an estate worth more than $6 million
- -The benefits of big business were that they created a lot of jobs, lower prices, labor-saving products (sewing machine), and advances in transportation and communications. Also some people, such as Rockefeller and Carnegie, managed to accumulate a large fortune.
-The problems of big business were that the cost to start a company was so high that it bankrupted many people, workers were paid subsistence wages and could be fired at a moment's notice when hard times or new technologies made them expendable. Industrialization also was terrible for the environment, causing a lot of pollution (rivers fouled by oil or chemical waste, smoky skies filled with clouds of soot, and a landscape littered with reeking garbage and toxic materials. Also hours were long and working conditions were not always safe.
- California writer and activist, his angrily eloquent book Progress and Poverty, published in 1879, became one of the best selling nonfiction works in American publishing history. He blamed social problems on the ability of a few monopolists to grow wealthy as a result of rising land values, and that the increase in the value of the land was an unearned increment, produced by the growth of society, and that the profits belonged to the community.
- Pennsylvania school for Indians funded by the government; children were separated from their tribe and were taught engilsh and white values/customs. motto of founder: "kill the indian and save the man." Failed attempt to forcibly integrate children of native american's into us culture by way of a boarding school
5 True/False questions
Henry W. Grady and the "New South Creed" → ...
15. How historians have viewed Reconstruction in the past and at present and what its legacy is → -(issued May 1865) similar to lincoln's plan yet also provided for disenfranchisement of: (1) all former leaders of the confederacy and (2) Confederates w/more than $20,000 in taxable property
----this resulted in the pardoning of many Confederate leaders who came back in office
Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward → sociologist who wrote Dynamic Sociology in 1883 and other books , in which he argued that civilization was not governed by natural selection but by human intelligence, which was capable of shaping society as it wished, and he believed that an active government engaged in positive planning, which was societies best hope.
14. Why the election returns in 1876 were in dispute and how the problem was settled by the Compromise of 1877 → -They impeached him due to both his reconstruction plan and also that he allowed black codes, and attempted to vetoe bills such as those increasing Freedmans Bureau and the civil rights act of 1866...then when Johnson vetoed the Tenure of Office Act (limiting his powers) and then fought against it when his veto was overridden he challenged it again and they impeached him
-they failed to impeach him because they were one vote short of 2/3rds vote since 7 moderate republicans had joined Dem's because they did not agree w/vetoing for political reasons
Chief Joseph → -led the Nez Perces on their flee to Canada