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16 terms

Age of Exploration

STUDY
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"Indians"
name given to Native Americas because Columbus thought he landed in the West Indies
Renaissance
rebirth of old knowledge and inventions
Reformation
split between Protestant and Catholic christians
Reasons for Exploration
route to Asia, freedom of religion, and Europe crowded/low on resources
New inventions
Compass, accurate maps, and better ships made travel easier
Vikings
first Europeans to discover "New World"
France
found fur and timber, befriended, traded with and married Native Americans
Spain
found gold and silver; enslaved and conquered Native Americans
England
found farmland; colonized New World, fought with Native Americans
Portugal
found slaves; traded with Kongo in Africa for slaves
Bahamas and Mexico
where Spain explored
Newfoundland and Atlantic Coast
where England explored
Africa and Brazil
where Portugal explored
Canada and Great Lakes
where French explored
Colombian Exchange
the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Americas and Europe, Asia, and Africa
European goods transfered during Columbian Exchange
pigs, cattle, horses, diseases, wheat, watermelons