American Anthem Chapter 1
Vocab and people
Terms in this set (40)
a member of a group that has no permanent home, wandering from place to place in search of food and water
A human being who hunts animals and gathers plants for food, moving to a different location whenever such food becomes scarce.
The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering
The first Mesoamerican civilization. Between ca. 1200 and 400 B.C.E., these people of central Mexico created a vibrant civilization that included intensive agriculture, wide-ranging trade, ceremonial centers, and monumental construction.
A member of an American Indian people of Yucatan and Belize and Guatemala who had a culture (which reached its peak between AD 300 and 900) characterized by outstanding architecture and pottery and astronomy; created one of the first calendars
a people who invaded central Mexico and were ruled by a military class; had a capital city of Tula; influenced the Maya; introduced the working of gold and silver; spread the worship of their god Quetzalcoatl; destroyed in the AD 1100s
group from the north that invaded central Mexico; were first wandering warriors; built their capital city at Tenochtitlan; increased their power until they dominated central Mexico; built causeways, pyramids, marketplaces, and palaces; adopted many customs from other cultures; used chinamapas for farming; militaristic society; known for human sacrifice and dedication to the sun god; ended when conquered by Spanish explorers in the 1500s
A Mesoamerican civilization of South America, centered in Peru, ruled a large empire and had many cultural and scientific achievements including an elaborate road system, architecture, and terrace farming. The arrival of the Spanish Conquistadores ended their empire in the 15th century.
a member of any of about two dozen Native American peoples called pueblos by the Spanish because they live in villages built of adobe and rock
group of people related by blood or marriage
a member of the Wakashan people living around Queen Charlotte Sound and on northern Vancouver Island
any member of the warlike North American Indian peoples formerly living in New York state; founded by Hiawatha
Houses made of cedar that were used by coastal tribes that could house several families. They were permanent dwellings.
a social bond based on common ancestry, marriage, or adoption
relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the mother
division of labor
the breaking down of a job into separate, smaller tasks to be performed individually
an ancient doctor, healer, or priest, they were called upon for religious ceremonies
exchange goods without involving money
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
stories passed down through generations by word of mouth
Ruler of Mali (r. 1312-1337). His pilgrimage through Egypt to Mecca in 1324-1325 established the empire's reputation for wealth in the Mediterranean world.
those who practice the religion of Islam; believe in one God, and the prophet Muhammad whom they believe God spoke through
the Songhai Empire reached its height during his reign; he was a devout Muslim, military commander, and overthrew the son of Sunni Ali. He created a new dynasty, Askia, he was an excellent administrator, expanded the empire, maintained peace and security. He also appointed officials to serve as ministers of the treasury, army, navy, and agriculture.
the descendants of one individual
large estate farmed by many workers
The historical period from around 500 A.D. up to around 1450 A.D. between the fall of Rome and the birth of the Renaissance
a series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Westrn European Christians to reclain control of the Holy Lands from the Muslims
This document, signed by King John of Endland in 1215, is the cornerstone of English justice and law. It declared that the king and government were bound by the same laws as other citizens of England. It contained the antecedents of the ideas of due process and the right to a fair and speedy trial that are included in the protection offered by the U.S. Bill of Rights
The great period of rebirth in art, literature, and learning in the 14th-16th centuries, which marked the transition into the modern periods of European history
a German monk who became one of the most famous critics of the Roman Catholic Chruch. In 1517, he wrote 95 theses, or statements of belief attacking the church practices. Led the Protestant Reformation
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
Reformers who protested certain practices of the Catholic Church
Queen of Castile in Spain, she helped complete the Reconquista. She and her husband banned Islam and forced all Jews in Spain to become Christian or leave. She also helped pay for the voyages of Christopher Columbus.
A small, highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in the exploration of the Atlantic.
one of a seafaring Scandinavian people who raided the coasts of northern and western from the eighth through the tenth century. First Europeans to land in the Americas
The son of Erik the Red. He sailed from west Norway to Greenland but strong winds blew his ship off course and carried him all the way to the North American coast
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to the Indies (1451-1506)
The people Columbus came in contact with in the West Indies.
Process of expanding economic markets by invading and establishing control over a weaker country and its people
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
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