Nations and empires

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Terms in this set (21)
Otto von BismarckPrussian leader responsible for unifying the German Empire in 1871 and then leading it until 1890liberalPerson who wants to protect and extend individual rights; supporter of moderate changeconservativePerson who wants to maintain traditions and keep society as it is; opponent of changeQueen VictoriaBritain's queen from 1837 until 1901; she ruled the world's largest empire at a time of rapid changeWilhelm IIGerman emperor ("Kaiser") who wanted to strengthen the German nation by enlarging its army, navy, and empire. He ruled from 1888 to 1918 and led Germany during World War One.PrussiaKingdom in northern Germany (in yellow) that unified small countries in central Europe, creating the German Empire in 1871Austrian empireAnother name for the Austro-Hungarian Empire; a country in central Europe that included many nationalities, including Poles, Hungarians, Serbs, and CzechsOttoman EmpireIslamic empire created in the 1300s; it controlled parts of North Africa, the Middle East, and the Balkans; in the 1800s, its control of the Balkans weakened as small, Christian nationalities gained independenceBalkansCountries in southeast Europe that were created as the Ottoman Empire broke up in the 1800s; Austria and Russia competed to control the Balkans; conflicts in the Balkans led to World War OneRussian EmpireWorld's largest country in 1914; ruled by an emperor ("Czar"); its empire included many nationalities within its border (including Poles and Jews)SerbiaA country in the Balkans just south of Austria; many Serb people also lived in the Austrian empire; Serbs spoke Slavic, followed Orthodox Christianity, and was friendly with Russia