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Micro Test 2
Terms in this set (40)
Investment of energy to prepare glucose for catabolism
Splitting of a glycolytic intermediate into two smaller intermediates
Formation of reduced coenzyme NADH
Substrate level phosphorylation
oxygen not required
Which of the following catabolic processes yields the most ATP?
Chemiosmosis coupled with electron transport
Which of the following structures provides a semipermeable barrier that enables the build-up of a proton gradient during electron transport?
Bacterial cell membrane
Gram postitive stain
You are shown a slide of bacterial cells that are round, arranged in chains of round cells that are stained purple after completing a Gram stain. To which of the following genera does this specimen of bacteria most likely belong?
Which of the following would NEVER be found on a bacterial cell
An arrangement of bacterial cells that are found in pairs of round cells, often enclosed in a polysaccharide protein matrix, such as those of certain intracellular pathogens is called:
which of the following structures are used by some bacteria for motility
Which of the following terms best describes the gram stain
Which of the following bacterial genera can be classified using the Acid-fast stain?
Which of the following is a vital preparation, meaning that the cells viewed can be seen in their living condition?
Which of the following staining techniques are used to visualize bacterial capsules?
Which of the following terms describes a straight, rod-shaped bacteria??
Which of the following describes a spherical-shaped bacteria?
Which of the following refers to a chain of bacteria?
Bacterial cell walls are structurally based on what type of polymer?
Where is lipopolysaccharides (LPS) found?
Which of these bacterial cell structures is used for attachment and sexual conjugation?
What is the function of mitochondria?
Carry out oxidative reactions that provide power for the cell
What is the most common function of external structures of the eukaryotic cell?
This theory holds that certain organelles of eukaryotic cells arose from engulfed prokaryotes that survived to develop a mutually sustaining relationship
Which of the following is found in eukaryotic cells but not in prokaryotic?
In a typical bacterial cell, which of the following is where protein synthesis takes place?
The backbone of peptidoglycan is composed of?
Repeating units of two different sugars
Which of the following is not a bacterial shape?
Which of the following is an arrangement of bacteria that means grape like clusters?
A gram postive bacterial cell wall is made of a thick layer of _______ and _______.
Peptidoglycan and Teichoic acid
The bacterial cell membrane is composed of
Some bacteria form a resistant ________, which consists of a living core surrounded by a cortex, spore coat, and an exosporium
which of these terms applies to the sum of all the chemical processes in a living organism
This type of organism uses sunlight as an energy source and organic compounds as a carbon source
Which metabolic pathway converts glucose to pyruvic acid?
Which of these is used as a final electron acceptor during aerobic respiration?
Which of these processes is most associated with the stripping of high-energy electrons from substrates with production of carbon dioxide?
What type of reaction involves the breaking down of a complex molecule into simpler units while releasing energy?
How do enzymes catalyze chemical reactions in living organisms?
Enzymes lower the activation energy needed for a reaction to occur
Recommended textbook explanations
Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry
David L Nelson, Michael M. Cox
Biocalculus: Calculus for the Life Sciences
Campbell Biology (AP Edition)
Cain, Campbell, Minorsky, Reece, Urry, Wasserman
Modern Biology: Student Edition
Janet L. Hopson, Postlethwait
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