Temur, lived 1336-1405, also known as Timur or Tamerlane, was a military adventurer of Turco-Mongol origins, and founder of the Timurid dynasty He conquered Transoxania, Persia, Khorasan, as well as areas of Iraq, India, Azerbaijan, and Armenia and others, making Samarkand (in modern day Uzbekistan) his capital. The Timurid dynasty lasted from the 15th through the 16th centuries. It is important to remember the prestige of the Timurids and their lineage, and how they characterize broader themes we have discussed during the 10-16th century, and within the areas of Iran, India and Anatolia. Defined as: The collective clerical class, consisting of theologians, mosque personnel, religious teachers and religious judges. They were those so-called "learned" in Islamic knowledge. Many 'ulama were Sufis, however many openly vexed Sufism due to the lack of respect Sufis showed to their teachers and the use of music in the Sufi worship. The 'ulama also feared the philosophies that Sufism brought about and how Sufism could challenge the "revealed religion" (Dale).
•The 'ulama were very important in the Islamic empires we are studying as they consist of the community of Islamic people within the Ottoman, Mughal, and Safavid empires, and their opinions on matters of religion, such as the practice of Sufism, were significant.
•In considering the importance of Ulama, keep in mind their relationship to the state, and as well as their relationship to Sufis.