Speech Path test one

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What does the acronym ASHA refer to?
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Terms in this set (41)
What is a morpheme?smallest unit of meaningWhat does it mean to "count morphemes"?way for us to measure language development in young childrenDo all words have the same number of morphemes?noWhat can morpheme counting tell us?gives us an idea of how children are developing languageDefine incidencemeasure of change from non-disease to disease over a specific point in timedefine prevalencebroad number or percentage of people within a population that have a specific disorder at a given point in timeLanguage disorder vs. dialect/ELLAcquired disorders vs. Congenital disordersCongenital disorders are disorders that people are born with. Acquired disorders are disorders people obtain through out their lives.define CNSmade up of the brain and spinal corddefine PNScarry sensory impulses from various parts of the body to the brain; carry motor impulses from the brain to muscleswhat is the function of neuronscarry sensory and motor informationWhat are the two main types of nerves?Cranial and SpinalWhich nerves are most important for speech and language?CranialWhat are the 2 brain hemispheres?Left and Right hemispheres (mirrored)What does the left hemisphere of the brain specialize in?contains more specialized areas important to language; controls the right side of the body; tasks that use logic;What does the right hemisphere of the brain specialize in?controls the left side of the body; performs tasks that use creativity and the artsDefine Broca's arealocated in the frontal lobe; usually on the left; linked to speech productionDefine Wernicke's arealocated in the left temporal lobe; important for understanding of languageWhat happens if there is damage to the Broca's or Wernicke's area of the brain for speech and language functioningCan cause broken or influent speech. Speech may not make sense in context.What is the main function of the Cerebellum?Regulates coordination of muscle contractions; assists in regulating equilibrium for fine and gross motor activitiesWhat are the functions of the respiratory system?circulates oxygen; controls breathing; suppliesWhat happens to the diaphragm when we inhale?Diaphragm contracts (flattens)What happens to the diaphragm when we exhale?diaphragm relaxes (back to dome shape)What are the functions of the phonatory system?protects foreign matter from getting into the trachea; converts airflow to speech and voiceWhat are the 3 main structures of the phonatory system?Pharynx, Larynx, TracheaDefine tracheatube runs from mouth down to lungsdefine esophagussits behind the trachea and transports food/water from mouth to stomach; important for digestiondefine thyroid notchadams apple; two shields come together; protects vocal cords;define velum:helps channel air out of the mouth or nose. helps with oral and nasal soundsdefine pharynxmuscular tube runs from nasal cavity(back of throat) to entrance of the voice box and esophagusdefine larynxCartilaginous box sits on top of trachea; contains vocal folds (voice box)