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Structure & Function - FINAL EXAM!!!! - Wednesday 9/21/16
Terms in this set (70)
60% of plasma proteins, helps to maintain normal blood volume and pressure.
ABO Blood types
A, AB, B, and O.
ALL (Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia) - Define
A type of leukemia predominated by immature lymphocytes and develops most frequently in children and adolescents.
A localized dilation of an artery formed at a weak point in the vessel wall. This weakened area balloons out with each pulsation of the artery.
Severe pain and constriction about the heart, usually radiating to the left shoulder and down the left arm, creating a feeling of pressure in the anterior chest.
Largest artery in the body.
Bottom tip of the heart.
Irregular beating of the heart.
Receiving chambers of the heart.
When the atria contract rapidly and irregularly at rates of 400 to 600 beats per minute.
Extremely rapid, incomplete atrial contractions; 350-600 bpm
Top of heart.
Abnormal sound or murmur heard when listening to a carotid artery, organ, or gland with a stethoscope.
CHF - Congestive Heart Failure (also known as cardiac failure).
Condition characterized by weakness, breathlessness, abdominal discomfort, edema in the lower portions of the body resulting from the flow of the blood through vessels being slowed and the outflow of blood from the left side of the heart is reduced.
The pumping ability of the heart no longer meets bodily needs.
A condition in which cramping pain in the leg is induced by exercise, typically caused by obstruction of the arteries.
Cramp-like pains in the calves; caused by poor circulation of leg muscles. Commonly associated with arteriosclerosis.
Deoxygenated blood - enters what part of the heart?
Difficult, painful or abnormal breathing; air hunger.
The graphic outline, or record of movements of structures of the heart produced by an ultrasound.
A local or generalized condition in which the body tissues contain an excessive amount of tissue fluid; swelling.
ELISA - Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay
A blood test used for screening for an antibody to the AIDS virus. Positive outcome on this test indicates probable virus exposure but should be confirmed with the western blot test.
Red blood cell.
ESR - Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
A test that measures the rate at which red blood cells settle out in a tube of unclotted blood.
Group of leukocutes with granules in their cytoplasm, that consists of neutrophils, basophils, and eosinophils.
The study of blood and blood-forming tissues.
A rare iron metabolism disease characterized by iron deposits throughout the body, usually as a complication of one of the hemolytic anemias.
Undifferentiated stem cells from which all types of blood cells develop.
The production of formed elements in the blood.
A syndrome involving a deficiency of one or more types of blood cells and an enlarged spleen.
Elevated blood pressure persistently higher than 140/90 mmHg; high blood pressure.
The wall separating the lower chambers (the ventricles) of the heart from one another.
A locally destructive malignant neoplasm of the blood vessels associated with AIDS, typically forming lesions on the skin, visceral organs, or mucous membranes.
Outer layer of the heart
Middle, muscular layer of the heart
Innermost layer of the heart
Excessive uncontrolled increase of immature WBC's in the blood, eventually leading to infection, anemia, and decreased number of platelets.
Left atria forces blood through this valve.
Myocardial Infarction (MI)
Oxygenated Blood - which side of the heart transports it to the body?
Lack of color; paleness.
Rapid, violent, or throbbing pulsation
PCP - Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia
Caused by a common worldwide parasite for which most people have immunity if they are not severely immunocompromised.
Type of anemia resulting from a deficiency of mature RBC's and the formation and circulation of distorted RBC's due to a lack of vitamin B12.
The process by which certain cells engulf and destroy microorganisms and cellular debris.
Swelling in extremities. When pressed with a finger, the dent remains.
Straw colored, liquid portion of the lymph and blood in which the leukocytes, erythrocytes, and platelets are suspended.
Intermittent attacks of vasoconstriction of the arterioles, causing pallor, etc.
The body's ability to counteract the effects of pathogens and other harmful agents.
Pacemaker of the heart, located in the right atrium.
An abdominal organ involved in the production and removal of blood cells in most vertebrates and forming part of the immune system.
Largest lymphatic organ.
Contraction phase of the heart.
It drains into the systemic (blood) circulation at the left subclavian vein.
Platelet. Helps with blood clotting.
A blood clot that forms in a vessel and remains there.
Valve located between the right atrium and right ventricle.
Immunity that we are born with, also called genetic immunity.
Pumping chambers of the heart.
The smallest veins. Collect deoxygenated blood
Acquired Immunodificiency Syndrome
Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
Bundle Branch Block
Congestive Heart Failure
Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
Thin, double-walled membranous sac enclosing the heart.
Outer covering of the pericardium.
Inner layer of pericardium that forms a thin, tight covering over the heart surface. AKA epicardium.
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