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22 terms

Ancient Greece Study Guide

Ancient great study guide
STUDY
PLAY
Frescoes
Paintings done on wet plaster walls.
Tyrants
rulers who seized power by force but who ruled with the peoples support.
Draco
Believed to have writen Athens first written law code.
Rhetoric
Study of public speaking and debating.
Pericles
A great general, orator, and statesman who held public office.
Polis
Greek word for city-state
Aristocracy
Greek city-states controlled by nobles
Metic class
People living in Athens who were not Athenian citizens, who could work and who paid taxes but were not allowed to own land or take part in governments.
ethics
study of what is good and bad and of moral duty
Stoics
believed that every person had some "spark" of the divine within.
Acropolis
Hill or mountain in Greece that included a fort as well as temples and other public buildings.
Democracy
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Solon
settled in the disputes between creditors and debtors by erasing the debts
Sappho
Female lyric poet from the island of Lesbos
Myths
traditional stories about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
Oligarchy
rule by an elite few
Cleisthenes
Seized power in Athens and turned it into a democracy
Sophists
Athenian men who opened schools for boys to study government, mathematics, ethics, and rhetoric.
Oracles
Special places when the ancient Greeks believed gods spoke through priests and priestesses
Homer
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
Pedagogue
In ancient Greece, a male slave who taught young boys manners
Epicureans
The beleif that the meaning of life is to seek pleasure