How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

18 terms

Green Chem toxicology terms

STUDY
PLAY
dose
a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time
toxicology
Study of harmful chemicals and their effects on the body
dose-response curve
data that reveals how an organism responds to various doses
EC50
50% of the organisms are affected but do not die from the treatment
LD50
1/2 of the organisms die as a result of the dose
sublimation
change from a solid directly to a gas
serial dilution
A method of measurement in which sucessive 1:10 dilutions are made from the original sample
natural toxicant
a toxic substance that occurs in nature
Target
a structure, organ or tissue to which something is directed
mechanism of action
the means by which a drug produces an action leading to an effect
exposure
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or toxic substance
xenobiotic
Substance not produced by the living organism and which is not normally found in the living thing (foreign chemical)
route of exposure
The way in which an organism encounters a toxin
acute exposure
a short contact with a harmful substance
chronic exposure
repeated contact with a harmful substance
bioassay
The process of determining the strength and quality of a drug by testing it on an animal or on an isolated organ.
bioaccumulation
the selective absorption and concentration of molecules by cells
poison
any substance that causes injury or illness or death of a living organism