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Arts and Humanities
Css 1301 test 2
Terms in this set (31)
why study delivery? 5
delivery makes a difference, enables us to better understand accidental communication, the impact of delivery on audience attitude change, impacts information retention of the audience, enhances speaker's ethos
Discuss the effect of delivery on attitude change.
you need to have both good content and good delivery to produce desirable audience attitude change
Descibe fully the nature of good delivery.
naturalness which is being yourself and not calling attention to anything and good conversational quality which is wording at the moment of utterance, eye contact, desire to communicate
Discuss the four elements of good delivery.
eye contact, effective bodily functions (posture, movement, gesture, facial expression), effective use of voice (volume, pitch, articulation, pronunciation, fluency, the pause), variety
What is the primary element in establishing good delivery?
Attitude-if focused on self,afraid, or have a bad attitude, delivery will be bad.
What is the premise of James theory?
That which controls attention determines action.
What are the 6 principles of James theory?
show significance of proposal, shock the audience, make use of conflict concerning proposal, arouse audience curiosity, make the speech easy to follow, Use variety
What are the 8 test to determine the validity of evidence? Explain each fully! giving an example or explanation
is source competent, is source prejudiced, is source reliable, is evidence clear, is evidence an index of what we want to know, is evidence the most recent available, is evidence statistically sound, is there enough evidence to prove clam?
Define reasoning by cause
the certain force (cause) is a factor that is capable of producing something else (effect)
Reasoning by cause four tests of validity
is the cause relative to and capable of the effect described, is this the distinguishing (most important) cause or factor, is there reasonable probability that no other desirable effects may occur, is there a counteracting cause
Define Reasoning by example
a series of specific related instances from which a conclusion can be drawn
Reasoning by example four tests of validity
is there enough examples to prove claim?, are examples typical, are examples not critical, do examples cover a critical period of time
when the tone of voice and /or the bodily action is not coordinated
(logical proof) use of evidence and reasoning to convince audience
(emotional proof) appeals to our dominate motives or beliefs.
discovering the means of persuasion and selecting the ones that will work best with a specific audience
first full systematic treatment of disciplimatic communication written by Aristotle 2000 years ago
Reasoning by sign
inferring relationships or correlations between two variables
(ethical proof) character of speaker perceived by audience.
Process of inreferring conclusions from premises
anything that generates proof in the mind of the audience.
reasoning by analogy
comparison of any reasoning
reasoning that starts with a specific instance and moves toward a generalization
reasoning that starts with a generalization and moves towards a specific instance.
systematic arrangements of arguments consisting of a major premise, minor premise, conclusion.
syllogism that deals with probability rather than certainty.
what are the 3 components of ethos
Competence, Integrity, Goodwill
What are the 3 concepts of ethos, discuss fully!
Choice-choose what and how you share with others
Change-perceptions can change
Perception- audience perception of the character
7 categories of information the speaker should evaluate about an audience
3. political views
7. geographic location
8 support marerials
stories, statistics, expert testimony, compare/contrast, rhetorical question, examples, personal experiences, definitions
3 sources of ethos
what the audience knows about you before the speech, character/personality the speaker reveals during speech, how closely the speaker's proposals coincide with the listener's beliefs
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