Terms in this set (43)
the accepted systems, methods or costumes by which movies communicate with the viewer
Three levels of movies
as narrative, as artistic expression, as reflection of culture that produce and consume them
word often assigned to works more "serious" than movies come from the celluloid strip on which images that make up motion picture where captured, cut, and projected
films considered works of art: came from greek word kinesis (movement). Auguste and Lousi Lumiere named the hall where they exhibited their invention cinema
short for motion picture
What characteristic do feature length movies share?
Narrative (tells a fictional story) cause and effect sequence of events
What is a characteristic of narrative films
they are linear
what affects how stories are presented
cultural differences (bollywood films break the third wall)
What is every movie?
series of still images that when viewed in rapid secession (24 frames/second) the human eye and brain see as a fluid movement
one uninterrupted run of the camera. a shot can be short or long as the director wants but it can't exceed the length of the film stock available in the camera.
What makes up a movie
multiple individual shots joined to one another in an extended sequence.
The process by which the editor combines and coordinates individual shots into a cinematic whole; the basic creative force of cinema
What does editing do?
Gives movies the power to choose what the viewer sees and how that viewer sees it at at any given moment.
a direct change from one shot to another as a result of cutting that is the precise point at which shot A ends and shot B begins
a shot that often shows a part of the body filling the frame t
lead artist and coordinator top of creative hierarchy
Director's primary responisbilites
performance and camera and the coordination of the two
What does analyzing a movie require?
Breaking down elements and looking at the functiona nd potential effect of combinations
Fade in fade out
transitional devices in which a shot fades in from black or fades out from black in a black and white film or from colour in a colour film.
What is a viewer's tendancy
to identify with the camera's viewpoint
What does a fade convey
passage of time mimmics movement of the sun.
Low angle shot
shot that is made with the camera below the action and typically places the observer in a position of inferiority
What does low angle shot communicate
literally looking up to powerful figures. Seen as strong, noble, or threatening
Cutting on action
also known as match cut. a continuity editing technique that smoothes the trasition between shots portraying a single action from different camera angles. The editor ends the first shot in the middle of continuing action and begins the next shot at approximately the same point in the matching action.
What does cutting on action do?
hide instantaneous and potentially jarring shift from one camera viewpoint to another...often ends first shot in the middle of continuing action and connects it at some point in this same action. Action flows over the cut
what did Sergie Eisenstein believe?
That every edit should be noticeable a clash of shots
What do viewers often turn towards
movies that reinforce their share beleif systems: these may blind viewers from the implied political, culutral, and ideological messages that make movies so appealing
the primary character whose pursuit of a goal provides the structural foundation of a movie's story.
Cultureally What does Juno do in Juno
reinforces our culture's celebrationof the individual. She rejects convention yet upholds the very institutions she seemingly scorn.
an association connection or inference the viewer makes based on the given (explicit) meaning conveyed by the story and form of a film. Lying below the surface of explicit meaning, implicit meaning is closest to our everyday sense of the word meaning.
everything a movie represents on its surface
film analysis that examines how a scene or sequence uses formal elements-narrative, mise en scene, cinematography, editing, sound etc-- to convey story, mood, and meaning.
The means by which a subject is expressed. The form of poetry is words; for drama it is speech and action for movies it is picture and sound
a shared public idea such as a metaphors, adage, myth, familiar conflict, or personality type
a reoccurring visual or sound or narrative element that imparts meaning or signifigance
slow movement of the camera towards the subject. Making the subject appear larger and more significant. Such gradual intensification is commonly used at moments of a character's realization and/or decision, or as a point of view shot to indicate the reason for the character's realization.
a quantity of time. In any movie we can id three types of duration: story duration (the time in which the entire narrative arc- wether or not explicitly shown on screen - are implied to have been taken), plot duration (the time that the events shown explicitly on screen are implied to have taken) and screen duration (actual time elapsed- movie's running time)
point of view
the position from which the film presents the actions of the story; not only the relation of the narrators to the story but also the camera's act of seeing and hearing. The two fundamental types of cinematic POV are omnicinet and restricted
analyze movement more as cultural artifacts than traditional works of art--inform cinema's function with pop culture example Juno's treatment of class
2 woman characters, talk to each other, about something other than men
depth of field
the distance in front of the camera and its lens, in which objects are in apparent sharp focus
eyeline match cut
An editing transition that shows us what a particular character is looking at. THe cut joins two shots: the character's face and whatever they're looking at. When the second shot is of another character looking back at the character in the first shot, the resulting reciprocal eyeline match cut and the cuts that follow establish the two characters' proximity and interaction, even if only one character is visible on screen at any one time.
an indication of the number of times a particular shot is taken.