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44 terms

6th Geography

5 Themes of Social Studies 5 Themes of Geography Landforms and geographical features 7 Elements of a Map Continents and Oceans Latitude and Longitude
STUDY
PLAY
History
The theme of social studies that focuses on the importance of studying and learning from past events.
Geography
The theme of social studies that focuses on physical locations and features of the globe and its impact on society.
Culture
The theme of social studies that studies peoples' various backgrounds, beliefs, traditions, and religions practiced around the world and how we interact with one-another.
Economics
The theme of social studies that focuses on resources, money, trade, and the financial system around the world.
Government
The theme of social studies that focuses on citizenship. The study of various political groups, governing systems, and leadership locally, nationally, and around the world.
Geography
The study of the Earth's surface and the way people use it.
Location
The theme of geography that helps identify where you are in the world. It can be absolute (specific) as in coordinates of a map using latitude or longitude or it can be relative
Place
The theme of geography that can be identified by its unique features that make it different from all other locations. Such as landforms, bodies of water, climate, soil, plant and animal life, other natural resources, buildings, bridges, farms, cultures, and/or ways of life.
Human-Environment Interactions
The theme of geography that looks at the relationships between people and their environement; how people adapt to the environment and how they change it.
Movement
This theme of geography refers to the way people, products, information and ideas move from one place to another.
Regions
This theme of geography focuses on the areas of the Earth with features that make them different from other areas. It is defined by features that give them personality and distinguish them from other places.
Map Title
Tells the subject of the map
Map Key or Map Legend
Explains what the symbols on the map stand for
Compass Rose
direction marker
Cardinal Directions
north, south, east and west
Intermediate Directions
northwest, southwest, northeast, and southeast
Locator Map
A smaller map or picture of the globe that shows the specific area shown on the main map in relation to the entire globe. Where in the world are you looking?
Map Scale
A comparison of the distance on a map to the distance in the real world. It helps you find the real distance.
Inset Map
A small map within a larger map.
Lines of Latitude
The grid-lines that run from east-west on a map. "Fatitude lines"
Lines of Longitude
The grid-lines that run from north-south on a map.
Equator
The line of latitude at 0 degrees that separates the northern and southern hemispheres on the globe.
Prime Meridian
The line of longitude at 0 degrees that separates the eastern and western hemispheres.
The 7 Continents
North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica
The 4 Oceans
Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean
Desert
An extremely dry area with little water and few plants
Marsh
low-lying wet land with grassy vegetation
Sea-level
the average level of the surface of the ocean measured along a shoreline
Peninsula
body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water
Volcano
mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth
Isthmus
a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas
Mountain
land with steep sides that rises sharply (1,000 feet or more) from surrounding land; generally larger and more rugged than a hill
Ocean
one of the four major bodies of salt water that surround the continents
Gulf
part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally larger and more deeply indented than a bay
Bay
an indentation of a shoreline larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
Valley
an area of low land between hills or mountains
Canyon
a deep valley with steep sides often carved from the earth by a river
Strait
a narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water
Delta
flat, low-lying land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth
Cataract
a large waterfall
Floodplain
an area along a river that forms from sediments deposited when the river overflows its banks
River
large natural stream of water that runs through the land
Island
a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water
Oasis
a fertile place in a desert where there is water and vegetation

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