Upgrade to remove ads
Authoritarian states (Stalin)
Terms in this set (30)
What was Stalin's foreign policy?
Socialism in one country (whole country becomes subordinate to the state)
What was Stalin's economic goal?
To modernize Russia
What was the 5 year plan?
A set of quotas, that were not planned, that focused on industrialization and economic growth.
What were the years of the 5 year plan?
What is a proletariat?
The working class
What was the Stakhanovite movement?
Miner claimed that he could cut more than 14x the required quota of mining jobs.
What was the 1st year of the 5 year plan?
-Focusing on heavy industry (coal, iron, steel, oil, etc)
-aiming to triple output
-light industry (such as textile) was expected to double its output
-Electrical energy was expected to increase by 600%
-to prepare for war
Was the 1st year of the plan a success?
Tremendous growth but none of the targets are met and the quotas are revised. Statistics are also unreliable because local officials most likely changed the numbers.
What was the 2+2=5 propaganda?
Local officials reported statistics incorrectly during the first two years which led to Stalin revising the 5 year plan to be stated that it would be completed in 4 years. An illustrator supporting Stalin, created this propaganda to show that 5 years worth of work could be completed in 4 due to the "hard" work of the soviets.
What was the 2nd year of the 5 year plan?
-communication improved (railways)
-iron and steel output grew rapidly (eventually became self sufficient in these areas)
-ligher industries were still ignored
What were some negatives of the first two years of the 5 year plan?
-quotas were met and then changed which prevented the success of the plan
What were some positives of the first two years of the 5 year plan?
-increased technical colleges and education for better efficiency (new machinery led to the need for instruction)
What was the GULAG?
a system of labor camps designed to supply cheap labor to fulfill the needs of the 5 year plan. Mostly located in Siberia
What were the 3rd, 4th, and 5th years?
-focus on lighter industries became relevant
-rebuild industry and agriculture
-less emphasis on harsh labor laws
-lower targets were set
What were social reasons/consequences for the 1st and second year plans?
-migration to cities
-consumer goods industries were failing
What were economic reasons/consequences for the 1st and 2nd year plans?
-erase all traces of capitalism
-rearmament/strengthening the revolution (to prevent foreign invasion)
-no targets were met
What were political reasons/consequences for the 1st and 2nd year plans?
-wanted to show that he had leadership
-by erasing the NEP, he forced the CC to choose between his ideas and those of Bukharin
-created division within the Politburo
What was the Kolkhoz?
A collective farm in which wages were not given, instead lodging and food were provided. Quotas were also set by the state.
What were the aims of collectivization?
-to get more expensive machinery that would improve efficiency
-easier to control peasantry
-to increase grain production for exports that would help increase currency (for modernization)
What were the benefits of collectivization?
-provided growth in multiple industries
-provided more urban industry
-increased grain production that brought in vital money
What were the negatives of collectivization?
-national famine in the years of 1932-33
-massive social upheaval
-created terror among the country
-widespread shortages of consumer goods
What were some examples of propaganda that Stalin used?
-the use of Lenin in many photos to show that he is the "successor"
-aiming to get rid of Trotsky, Zinoviev, and Kamenev by taking them out of photos (to show he was the only person who was close to Lenin)
Who were the 3 people involved in the show trials?
-Zinoviev, Kamenev, Bukharin
What was the NVKD?
law enforcement in the soviet union
Who wrote the document asking for the dismissal of Stalin and the end of collectivization?
Who received more votes at the 17th party congress?
What was the decree that prevented terrorist attacks? And give two examples
-A set of amendments Stalin created while traveling to investigate the murder of Kirov
-trial of accused would take place in 10 days
-gave NVKD limitless powers
-executions without appeals
How did the great purge become known as the great terror?
Due to the number of purgings, executions, and imprisonments, the great purge was given this name because of how severe it was.
How did the great purge spread to the Red Army?
-Stalin worried about a military coup as the thread for war with Nazi Germany increased.
-50% of the entire coup were executed or imprisoned
What was the cult of personality?
How stalin tried to display himself as the "disciple" of Lenin.
-Stalin was portrayed as the father of the nation saving the Soviet Union from its enemies
-portrayed himself as an expert in science and culture
-credited with making the soviet union the envy of the world
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Mao's Rise to Power
Mao and China
IB History review paper 2: causes, practices and e…
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Stalin Domestic Policies & Impact
Stalin's 5 Year Plans
Stalin's Revolution-The Five Year Plans
5 year plans
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR