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Chapter 4

STUDY
PLAY
emotional scripts.
In her study of women's abortion experiences Jennifer Keys discovered that feelings are guided by
False
T or F: According to dramaturgical analysis a role operates like a part in a play and a status serves as a script.
True
T or F: A person's racial or ethnic identity is an ascribed status.
a number of roles attached to a single status.
A role set refers to
False
T or F: The reality people build in their interaction depends only on the actors themselves not on the larger culture in which they live.
women "read" men better than men "read" women.
Research suggests that
True
T or F: People sometimes use jokes to "put down" others which is a basic form of social conflict.
All of these are correct.
Which of the following likely plays a part in the reality we construct through social interaction?
All of these are correct.
Cultures differ in terms of
False
T or F: In everyday conversation men tend to maintain more eye contact than women.
False
T or F: If a comedian cites few differences between conventional and unconventional social definitions of reality then people will perceive a greater potential for humor.
patients must wait until a "gatekeeper" admits them to see the doctor in the office's "back region."
The power relationship between a physician and patient is immediately evident when the patient enters the doctor's office because
ascribed status
What concept refers to a social position that is received at birth or involuntarily assumed later in life?
False
T or F: Deborah Tannen claims that women and men communicate similarly.
True
T or F: Because men typically have more power in daily interactions than women they are more likely to intrude on the personal space of women.
False
T or F: People with less power typically have greater personal discretion in terms of how they act in the presence of others.
efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
False
T or F: In everyday conversation men tend to maintain more eye contact than women.
True
T or F: Emotions have both a biological and cultural foundation.
role
Sociologists use what concept to refer to behavior that people expect from someone who holds a particular status?
role exit
What term does the text use for the process by which people disengage from important social roles?
False
T or F: If a comedian cites few differences between conventional and unconventional social definitions of reality then people will perceive a greater potential for humor.
performance
According to Erving Goffman we engage in a _____ when we use costumes props tone of voice and gestures to convey information to others.
role conflict
Which of the following is involved when a surgeon chooses not to operate on her own son because the personal involvement of motherhood could impair her professional objectivity as a physician?
what is funny to people in one society may not be funny to those from another society.
When interacting with people of an unfamiliar cultural background
try to control the emotions of workers.
Arlie Russell Hochschild explains that companies typically
All of these are correct.
Which of the following likely plays a part in the reality we construct through social interaction?
True
T or F: The process by which people disengage from important social roles is termed "role exit."
master status
Which concept refers to a status that has special importance for social identity often shaping a person's entire life?
everyone feels discomfort when a constructed reality breaks down.
Tact is a common response in potentially embarrassing situations because