37 terms

History Vocab

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Geography
The study of Earth and those who live on it.
Topography
Precise detailed study of the surface features of a region. To help remember that, I suggest you look at the top of a table, look at what is on "top" of the table, you are studying the topography of the table.
Natural Resources
Naturally occuring materials that are useful to man or neccessary for his survival such as water, forests, and minerals. Just think about what is native to your area, maybe it's orange trees, well those orange trees are natural resources
Climate
weather characteristics of or prevailing in an area over an extended period of time usually considered in terms of average temperature, humidity, precipitation, and wind conditions. Think of how when you "climb" a mountain, it's climate become colder and the plants become sparser, ect.
Weather
atmosphere condition at a given time and place.
Cape
point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean. To help distinguish this from peninsula, think of a man wearing a cape, the cape isn't the main part of him, it's just a small bit attached. A cape is a small bit of land attached to a bigger bit usually.
Bay
Arm of a sea or lake extending into the land. Think of water punching into the land, it's baying for the land's blood.
Mouth (River)
A place where a stream or river flows into a larger body of water, Think of a child spitting water out of her mouth after emerging from a pool
Desert
An arid region with little or no vegetation because of little rainfall. Think of a cartoon desert, like in Wily Coyote.
Prairie
large area of level or rolling land with grass but few or no trees. Think little house of the prairie
Mountain
a natural elevation of the earth's surface rising more or less abruptly to a summit, and attaing an altidude greater than a hill. Think of a king "mounting" his throne, his elevation has risen, right?
Valley
Low land between hills or mountains and follows the course of a stream.
Lake
A body of (usually fresh) water surrounded by land.
Ocean
A vast body of salt water that covers almost three-fourths of the earth's surface (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic)
Island
A large chunk of land completely surrounded by water.
Flood Plain
Flat land near the edges of rivers formed by mud and silt deposited by floods
Harbor
A sheltered area of water deep enough for docking ships. If it wasn't deep enough, it would sure be "hard" to dock, waiting in the ocean would be such a bore.
Sea Level
level of the ocean's surface, used as a reference point when measuring the height or depth of the earth's surface. Can you see the sea level?
Piedmont
the broad plateau that lies at the foot of the Blue Ridge Mountains of the Appalachain range. Think of a mountain that lost to the other in a fight and sunk below it in a gentle roll of moist earth that is good for farming.
Headwater
The place where the river starts. Lake Itasca is the head water of the Mississippi river.
Peninsula
A piece of land jutting out, three sides are rubbing shoulders with water, one is connected to land. Florida is a peninsula, think of a lady sticking her foot out to try to touch the water with her tropical toe.
Rural
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the country, country life, or country people
Urban
of, pertaining to, or designing a city or town. living in a city. Think of Urban Outfitters, you find it in the city.
Tributary
a stream that flows to a larger stream or other body of water. Think of the stream as paying tribute to the larger river. The stream is a knight paying tribute to his king.
Swamp
an area of land that is saturated by water
Cash crops
crops raised to be sold for money
Staple crops
crops that are continuously in demand, basic crops that are always needed. Include wheat, barley, and oats. Mainly grown in the middle colonies
Plantation
a usually large farm or estate, especially in a tropical or semitropical country, on which cotton, tobacco, coffee, sugar cane, or the like is cultivated, usually by resident laborers.
Industrial
athe aggregate of manufacturing or technically productive enterprises in a particular field, often named after its principal product: the automobile industry; the steel industry. Think of industrial waste, or smoke stacks.
subsistence farming
producing enough food for one's needs. You subsist on only that alone
Indentured servant
one who worked for a set time without pay in exchange for a free passage to America
Frontier
The wild country, where the native Americans live, where the land is "unexplored" scary....
Fall Line
A line connecting the waterfalls of nearly parallel rivers that marks a drop in land level. Think of it as the place where water falls, a line of waterfalls
Costal plains
a plain adjacent to a coast.
Agricultural
the science, art, or occupation concerned with cultivating land, raising crops, and feeding, breeding, and raising livestock; farming.
Manufacturing
the making of goods or wares by manual labor or by machinery, especially on a large scale: the manufacture of television sets.
Agrarian
relating to land, land tenure, or the division of landed property: agrarian laws. Think that the farmer was agrary because he didn't understand the laws as well as he should have.