15 terms

US History Vocabulary #2

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French and Indian War
Conflict involving the British and French in which the colonies fought on the side of Britain
Proclamation of 1763
Prohibited colonists from settling past the Appalachian Mountains
Albany Plan of Union
An early attempt to form a union of the colonies by Benjamin Franklin
Boycott
To refuse to buy or handle (goods) as a punishment or protest.
Intolerable Acts
A series of acts to punish Boston for the Boston Tea Party
Quartering Act
Required citizens to house British troops
Natural Rights
God-given rights individuals are entitled to from birth. According to the Declaration of Independence they were: life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
John Locke
British enlightenment writer whose ideas influenced the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution; believed in natural rights and the consent of the governed
Consent of the Governed
Voluntary agreement by a people to organize a civil society and give authority to a government
Declaration of Independence
Adopted by the colonies in 1776, this document proclaimed colonial independence from Great Britain.
Deprive
Lacking adequate food, shelter, education
Democracy
A government in which the powers and responsibilities of government are held by elected officials, placed there by the vote of the citizens.
Thomas Paine
English-born writer and political philosopher whose influential pamphlet Common Sense (1776) pressed for independence from Great Britain
John Peter Zenger
German immigrant, printer, and journalist; tried for criminal libel for criticizing New York governor in his paper; his case was an early step in establishing freedom of the press
Despotism
Rule by absolute power or authority
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