-preconventional level: people decide based on selfish reasons. For example, if you were in Stage 1, the punishment and obedience stage, your primary concern would be not to get in trouble. Yet, in Stage 2, the instrumental exchange stage, you make decisions that advance your wants and needs.
-conventional level: make decisions that conform to societal expectations. In Stage 3, the good boy--nice girl stage, you normally do what the other "good boys" and "nice girls" are doing. In the law and order stage, Stage 4, you do whatever the law permits.
-post conventional level: always use internalized ethical principles to solve ethical dilemmas. In Stage 5, the social contract stage, you would consider the effects of your decision on others. In Stage 6, the universal principle stage, you make ethical decisions based on your principles of right and wrong.
1. distributive justice= A subset of justice that deals with the distribution of wealth and prosperity among members of a Society: Healthcare Reform Act, Minimum Wage, Taxes, CEO Pay, ex. support progressive taxes for equal wealth
2. procedural justice= A subset of justice claiming that rules should be clearly stated, consistently obeyed, and impartially enforced: DUE PROCESS - bedrock principle of American society, Employer - Employee, Erosion since 9/11, NSA Monitoring of U.S. Citizens, Guantanamo Bay Prisoners, for fair outcomes
-groups, such as shareholders, employees, customers, suppliers, governments, and local communities, on which the organization depends for long-term survival. So when managers are struggling to balance the needs of different stakeholders, the stakeholder model suggests that the needs of primary stakeholders take precedence over the needs of secondary stakeholders. However, contrary to the shareholder model, no primary stakeholder group is more or less important than another, since all are critical to the firm's success and survival. So managers must try to satisfy the needs of all primary stakeholders. -Co-founder and co-CEO of Whole Foods Market; led the natural and organic grocer as it grew from a single store in Austin, Texas, in 1978, to an $11 billion Fortune 300 company, and a top U.S. supermarket with more than 340 stores and 70,000 Team Members worldwide.
-For 15 consecutive years, FORTUNE magazine has included Whole Foods Market on its "100 Best Companies to Work For" list.
-Mackey has been the visionary for many successful programs at the core of Whole Foods Market.
*Founded Whole Planet Foundation to help end poverty in developing nations;
*Launched the Local Producer Loan Program to help local farmers and food producers expand their businesses;
*Created the Global Animal Partnership to set standards for humane farm animal treatment; and he laid the foundation for the company's Health Starts Here initiative, which encourages health and wellness among customers and Team Members.
-He has been recognized for his work over the years by being named Ernst & Young's "United States Entrepreneur of the Year," Institutional Investor's "Best CEO in America," Barron's "World's Best CEO," MarketWatch's "CEO of the Year," FORTUNE's "Businessperson of the Year," and Esquire's "Most Inspiring CEO," among many others.
-Cut his pay to $1 in 2006.