occurs when cartilage-forming cells secrete new matrix against the external face of the existing cartilage tissue.
In adolescence, the "growth spurt" that is observed is mainly attributed to an increase in:
A patient is brought to the emergency room with a broken bone. According to the x-ray, the bone is fragmented into three pieces. This would be considered a:
A condition that produces a reduction in bone mass sufficient to compromise normal function is:
Which of the following statements concerning the periosteum of a bone is NOT true?
A. The periosteum provides strong attachment and continuity from tendon to bone.
B. Periosteum is important for bone growth in width.
C. The periosteum consists of an outer, dense connective tissue layer and an inner osteogenic layer.
D. All bone surfaces in the body are covered by periosteum.
E. Blood vessels enter bone through periosteum.
All bone surfaces in the body are covered by periosteum.
During fetal development intramembranous ossification takes place in:
A.the medullary cavity.
C.the center of the epiphysis.
E.fibrous connective tissue membranes.
fibrous connective tissue membranes.
Mary is 50 years old. During a checkup, a bone scan reveals that portions of her skeleton show signs of osteoporosis. After reviewing the test results, her physician suggests hormone therapy. What hormone is prescribed for Mary?
he bones of the skeleton store energy reserves as lipids in areas of:
D.the ground substance.
E.the matrix of bone tissue.
The cells that maintain mature compact bone are:
The lacunae of bone contain:
The process of bone growth at the epiphyseal plate is similar to:
B.the process of calcification.
C.the process of osteopenia.
D.the process of healing a fracture.
The two types of osseous tissue are:
A.dense bone and compact bone.
B.bones and cartilage.
C.long bone and short bone.
D.spongy bone and cartilage.
E.compact bone and spongy bone.
compact bone and spongy bone.
When the epiphyseal plate is replaced by bone:
B.the bone becomes more brittle.
C.interstitial bone growth begins.
D.appositional bone growth begins.
E.long bones have reached their adult length.
long bones have reached their adult length.
A.is responsible for long bone formation.
B.begins with a cartilaginous precursor.
C.begins within a connective tissue membrane.
D.is the most common way bones are formed.
begins within a connective tissue membrane.
A fracture in the shaft of a bone would occur in the:
Growth of a cartilage in which the chondrocytes within the matrix become active and proliferate is known as:
Osteocytes maintain contact with the blood vessels of the central canal through:
Spongy bone contains all of the following, except:
The bones in the long axis of the body make up the:
Which of the following characteristics of skeletal cartilage limits its thickness?
A.It is resilient.
B.It is avascular and receives most of its nourishment from the perichondrium that surrounds it.
C.It is primarily composed of water.
D.It has a girdle of perichondrium that resists outward expansion when it is compressed.
It is avascular and receives most of its nourishment from the perichondrium that surrounds it.
The menisci of the knee are made of:
A.elastic connective tissue.
D.dense connective tissue similar to ligaments and tendons.
Which of the following statements best describes interstitial growth of cartilage?
A.Cells in the perichondrium differentiate into chondroblasts.
B.It grows from the outside.
C.Chondrocytes divide and secrete new matrix from within the cartilage.
D.Cartilage-forming cells divide and secrete new matrix on the external surface of the cartilage.
Chondrocytes divide and secrete new matrix from within the cartilage.
___________ bones act to alter the direction of tendon pull.
All of the following are stored in the matrix of bones, except:
B.insulin-like growth factor.
C.transforming growth factor.
A narrow, slit-like opening in a bone is referred to as a:
Which of the following structures anchors the periosteum to the underlying bone?
B.A nutrient foramen
C.Yellow bone marrow
Which of the following sites is the site where bone marrow is routinely sampled in an adult?
A.The diaphysis of long bones
B.The head of the humerus
C.The diploe of the skull bones
Bone-forming cells originate from:
The twisting of a long bone is prevented by which of the following?
Hydroxyapatite in bone matrix that gives bone its hardness is primarily composed of:
A.calcium and osteoclasts.
B.calcium and vitamin D.
C.calcium and osteocytes.
D.calcium and phosphates.
calcium and phosphates.
Before eight weeks, the skeleton of the human embryo is composed of:
If a breastfeeding mother becomes vitamin D deficient, what disease is most likely to develop in the nursing infant?
Osteomyelitis is a condition that produces a reduction in bone mass sufficient to compromise normal function.