a Jew. Most of the information gathered from his life is found in the Gospels, the first four books of the New Testament. The authors of these accounts are commonly said to be Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Christians believe he was the Messiah, whereas Jews do not. A descendant of King David of Israel, he was born in 4 BC in Bethlehem. The Gospels state that Mary was told she would give birth to the messiah, him. His beliefs, teachings, and parables were rooted in Jewish teaching, but he also added new beliefs. After his crucified, the Gospels state that his apostles communicated with him, who had risen from death.