(H) History Ch. 8 Vocab
Terms in this set (28)
A term coined by Mark Twain to describe the post-reconstruction era. Suggests a thin but glittering layer of prosperity covering the poverty and corruption of much of society.
The french phrase that means the government should have a limited role in businesses.
A payment made by the government to encourage the development of certain key industries, such as railroads.
Regulations that prohibited certain private activities that some considered immoral.
The government's non elected workers.
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Created a Civil Service Commission which classified government jobs and tested applicant's fitness for them.
Munn v. Illinois
Allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders, including railroads.
Violent massacres of Jews.
The large open area beneath a ship's deck. Often where the poor stayed.
A time of isolation to prevent the spread of disease.
Areas in which one ethnic or racial group dominated.
Agreements among homeowners not to sell real estate to certain groups of people.
Chinese Exclusion Act
Prohibited Chinese laborers from entering the country.
Called on in San Francisco to end its school policy and Japan to stop issuing passports to laborers.
Residential communities surrounding the cities.
Low-cost apartment buildings designed to house as many families as the owner could pack in.
Named for its dumbbell shape, it was designed to follow the laws that every room had to have a window and ventilation. This allowed owners to pack even more people in the building.
An unofficial city organization designed to keep a party or group in power. Often headed by a single, powerful "boss."
The use of one's job to gain profit.
Social Gospel Movement
Sought to apply the gospel of Jesus directly to society.
A kind of community center that eventually offered social services.
The study of how people interact with one another in a society.
The favoring of native-born Americans over immigrants.
An organized campaign to eliminate alcohol consumption.
The ban on the manufacturing and sale of alcoholic beverages.
Immoral or corrupt behavior