35 terms

Unit 4-2

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

generic drugs
Drug not protected by a trademark but regulated by the FDA.
genetic engineering
the technology of preparing recombinant DNA in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and splicing together fragments from more than one organism
orphan drugs
a distinct, special category of drugs that have been identified to help those patients with rare diseases
OTC drugs
over the counter - non Rx drugs we use in the course of self-diagnosis and self-medication
pharmacology
the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects
pharmacotherapeutics
The treatment of pathologic conditions through the use of drugs.
phase 1 study
a pilot study of a potential drug done with a small number of selected, healthy human volunteers
Phase 2 study
a clinical study of a drug by selected physicians using actual patients who have the disorder the drug is designed to treat; need informed consent
phase 3 study
use of a drug on a wide scale in the clinical setting with patients who have the disease the drug is though to treat
colostomy
a surgical operation that creates an opening from the colon to the surface of the body to function as an anus
total incontinence
Continuous & unpredictable loss of urine, resulting from surgery, trauma or physical malformation.
intermittent urethral catheter
Straight catheter used to drain the bladder for short periods (5-10 minutes)
indwelling urethral catheter
Catheter that remains in place for continuous urine drainage; synonym for Foley catheter
Ileal conduit
connect toe distal ureters to a resected portion of the terminal ileum which will for a stoma in the lower abdomine
hesitancy
inability to start the urinary stream
hematuria
the presence of blood in the urine
functional incontinence
the person has bladder control but cannot use the toilet in time
enuresis
BEDWETTING
reflex incontinence
the loss of urine at predictable intervals when the bladder is full. Person does not feel need to void, nervous systemdisorders and ijuries are common causes
virus
smallest of all microorganisms
virulence
ability to cause disease
vector
FLEA, MICE, OTHER RODENTS
antimicrobial
capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of disease-causing microorganisms
antigen
any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates the production of antibodies
antibody
a substance produced by the body that destroys or inactivates an antigen that has entered the body
portal of entry
a pathway by which the caustive agent enters the host
reservoir
anything (a person or animal or plant or substance) in which an infectious agent normally lives and multiplies
pharmacodynamics
study of drugs on living tissue
half-life
time it takes for half of the drug to be excreted
first-pass effect
a phenomenon in which drugs given orally are carried directly to the liver after absorption, where they may be largely inactivated by liver enzymes before they can enter the general circulation
excretion
the process by which wastes are removed from the body
distribution
dispersion of med to sites in the body
critical concentration
Amt of drug needed to cause therapeutic affect
paralytic ileus
paralysis of the intestines that causes distention and symptoms of acute obstruction and prostration
ostomy
surgical procedure that creates an artificial opening for the elimination of bodily wastes