35 terms

Unit 4-3

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Terms in this set (...)

occult blood
Blood detected in stool by means of a chemical test but not apparent to the naked eye.
laxative
stimulating evacuation of feces
ileostomy
surgical procedure that creates an opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall to function as an anus
flatus
gas in the digestive tract
flatulence
the passage of gas out of the body through the rectum
fecal impaction
accumulation of hardened feces in the rectum or lower colon which the person cannot move
active transport
transport of a substance (as a protein or drug) across a cell membrane against the concentration gradient
absorption
the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion
teratogenic
can cause birth defects.
phase 4 study
continual evaluation of a drug after it has been released for marketing
preclinical trials
Initial trial of a chemical thought o have therapeutic potential; uses laboratory animals, not human subjects
dermatological reactions
Skin reactions commonly seen as adverse effects; can range from simple rash to potentially fatal exfoliative dermatitis
nephrotoxic
toxic to the kidney
hypersensitivity
extreme sensitivity
drug allergy
an immunologic reaction to a drug
mixed incontinence
Symptoms of both urge and stress incontinence are present
micturition
the discharge of urine
blood dyscrasia
any pathologic condition of the cellular elements of the blood
selective toxicity
a property of many antimicrobial drugs that harm the infectious agent but not the host
receptor sites
locations that uniquely recognize a neurotransmiter
pharmacokinetics
the study of the action of drugs in the body: method and rate of excretion
pharmacogenomics
the study of how genetic variations among populations affect drug response
pharmacodynamics
study of drugs on living tissue
specific gravity
measure of the density of urine with the density of water
chemotherapeutic agents
used for cancer treatment, potent toxins
biotransformation
The process by which the body inactivates drugs. Also called metabolism.
peristalsis
A rythmic, wavelike motion that progressively moves through a tube organ such as the small intestine
stoma
surgical opening between an organ and the surface of the body
prophylaxis
the prevention of disease
stomatitis
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth
superinfections
A common side effect of anti-infective therapy which occur when microorganisms normally present in the body are destroyed.
cathartic dependence
dependence on laxatives caused by the overuse of laxatives
bulk stimulant
agent that increases in bulk frequently by osmosis pull of fluid into the feces
chemical stimulant
agent that stimulates the normal GI reflexes by chemically irritating the lining of the GI wall
urinary frequency
VOIDING MORE THAN 10 TIMES IN 24 HOURS