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Intro to Sociology, Chapter 5: Groups and Organizations
Two or more people who identify with and interact with one another.
A small social group whose members share personal and lasting relationships.
A large and impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity.
Group leadership that focuses on the completion of tasks.
Group leadership that focuses on the group's well-being.
The tendency of group members to conform, resulting in a narrow view of some issue.
A social group that serves as a point of reference in making evaluations and decisions.
A social group toward which a member feel respect and loyalty.
A social group toward which a person feels a sense of competition or opposition.
A social group with two members.
A social group with three members.
A web of weak social ties.
Values and beliefs passed from generation to generation.
A way of thinking that emphasizes deliberate, matter-of-fact calculation of the most efficient way to accomplish a particular task.
Rationalization of society
The historical change from tradition to rationality as the main type of human thought.
An organizational model rationally designed to perform tasks efficienty.
Factors outside an organization that affect its operation.
The tendency of bureaucratic organizations to perpetuate themselves.
The rule of the many by the few.
The application of scientific principles to the operation of a business or other large organization.
A focus on rules and regulations to the point of undermining an organization's goals.