Upgrade to remove ads
AP World History Ways of the World: Chapter 5
Terms in this set (33)
The first great Greek philosopher to turn rationalism towards questions of human existence (469-399 BCE).
Siddhartha Gautama (The Buddha)
The Indian prince turned ascetic (ca. 566-ca. 486 BCE) who founded Buddhism.
The first great popularizer of Christianity (10-65 CE).
A major Greek philosopher (ca. 560-ca. 480 BCE) who believed that an unchanging mathematical order underlies the apparent chaos of the world.
A disciple of Socrates whose Dialogues convey the teachings of his master while going beyond them to express own philosophy; lived 429 to 328 BCE.
The end goal of Buddhism, in which individual identity is "extinguished" into a state of serenity and great compassion.
In Hindu belief, liberation from separate existence and union with the Brahman.
"Great Vehicle", the popular development of Buddhism in the early centuries of the Common Era, which gives a much greater role to supernatural beings and proved to be much more popular than the original (Theravada) Buddhism.
A Chinese philosophy distinguished by an adherence to clear laws with vigorous punishments.
A legendary Chinese philosopher of the sixth century BCE; regarded as a founder of Daoism.
In Hinduism, the determining factor of the level at which the individual is reincarnated, based on purity of action and fulfillment of duty in the prior existence.
The monotheistic religion developed by the Hebrews, emphasizing a sole personal god (Yahweh) with concerns for social justice.
Jesus of Nazareth
The prophet/god of Christianity (ca. 4 BCE-ca. 30 CE)
One of the most important prophets of Judaism, whose teachings show the transformaton of the religion in favour of compassion and social justice (eighth century BCE).
A very influential Greek medical theorist (ca. 460-ca. 370 BCE); regarded as the father of medicine.
A word derived from outsiders to describe the vast diversity of indigenous Indian religious traditions.
A secularizing system of scientific and philosophic thought that developed in classical Greece in the period 600 to 300 BCE; it emphasized the power of education and human reason to understand the world in nonreligious terms.
The honouring of one's ancestors and parents, a key element of Confucianism.
A Chinese philosophy/popular religion that advocates the simplicity and understanding of the world of nature, founded by the legendary figure Laozi.
The central text of Daoism, translated as The Way and its Power.
Roman emperior (r. 306-337 CE) whose conversion to Christianity paved the way for the triumph of Christianity in Europe.
Confucius (Kong Fuzi)
The founder of Confucianism (551-479 BCE); an aristocrat of northern China who proved to be the greatest influence on Chinese culture in its history.
The Chinese philosophy first enunciated by Confucius, advocating the moral example of superiors as the key element of social order.
The cultural/religious tradition first enunciated by Siddhartha Gautama (The Buddha).
The priestly caste of India.
The "World Soul" or final reality in upanishadic Hindu belief.
An immensely popular development in Hinduism, advocating intense devotion toward a particular deity.
A great Hindu epic text, part of the much larger Mahabharata, which affirms the performance of caste duties as a path to religious liberation.
A major female Confucian author of Han-dynasty China (45-116 CE) whose works give insight into the implication of Confucian thinking for women.
The human soul, which in classic Hindu belief seeks union with Brahman.
A Greek polymath philosopher (384-322 BCE) a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great.
In Zoroastrianism, the evil god, engaged in a cosmic struggle with Ahura Mazda.
In Zoroastrianism, the good god who rules the world.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP World History Ways of the World Chapt…
AP World History Ways of the World: Chapter 6 Terms
AP World History Ways of the World: Chapter 6
AP World History Ways of the World Chapt…
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP World History: Chapter 5 Key Terms
AP World History Chapter 5
AP World History Chapter 5 vocab
Chapter 5: Eurasian Cultural Traditions
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AP 500 VOCAB
APUSH CH 28-30 CRAP
AP CH 28-30 ****