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62 terms

Architecture and sculpture

STUDY
PLAY
The wainwright building was designed by:
Louis Sullivan
The____ dome is commonly used in islamic architecture.
onion and melon
3. Buckminster Fuller?s geodesic domes were inspired by the many-sided, solid
geometric shapes that occur in nature known as _____.
Polyhedrons
4. Gothic cathedrals such as Notre Dame de Chartres transferred the weight of
the vaults to exterior flying buttresses
TRUE
5. Frank Lloyd Wright?s Robie House in Hyde Park, Illinois is an example of a
Prairie Style building
true
6. The Great Wall of China is approximately _____ miles long.
1,500
7. The Treasury of Atreus is a(n) ___ dome.
Corbel
8. The University of Virginia Rotunda, designed by Thomas Jefferson, was
inspired in form and plan by the ____.
Pantheon
In Mesopotamia, a tall stepped tower of earthen materials, often supporting
a shrine, is called a:
ziggurat
10. Stonehenge uses ______ construction.
post and lintle
11. Highly finished, precisely cut blocks of stone laid in even rows is called
dressed stone
12. The largest free-span in an interior space before the Romans is the
Tresuryof Atreus
13. Which of the following is a ?great room? or large audience hall in a
Mycenaean ruler?s residence?
megaron
14. The architect of the Louvre Pyramid is?
I.M. pei
15. Who referred to a house as a ?machine for living??
Le corbusier
16. Joern Utzon?s Sydney Opera House uses ______, which has the advantage of
being malleable.
ferroconcrete
17. The House of the Silver Wedding, located in ______, utilizes the barrel
vault.
pompeii
18. _______ is the architect of the Milwaukee Art Museum.
santiago calatrava
19. The Mortuary Temple of Ramses II was constructed using the post-and-lintel
technique of building.
true
20. The Ulugh Beg Madrassa was created for use in the _____ religion.
islamic
21. A wedge-shaped stone used in round arches is called a(n):
voussoir
22. A system of construction in which solid forms, without the use of mortar,
are placed one on another to form a tapering structure is called:
ashlar masonry,load-bearing construction , and corbelling
23. A curve assumed by a flexible cord suspended between two points is called
a(n):
. catenary
24. A system of construction in which the architectural members are combined,
often in triangular units, to form a rigid framework is called:
truss construction
25. In basilicas and churches, a wide central aisle separated from the side
aisles by rows of columns is called the nave
true
1. Sculpture that is experienced in the round is also called freestanding.
true
2. Modeling is a subtractive sculptural process.
false
3. Sculpture that moves is called kinetic
true
4. The surface on which a drawing is made is called the ground.
true
5. Pen and ink is a type of dry medium.
false
6. The encaustic technique binds pigments with __________.
wax
7. Mosaics are composed of individual pieces of material called __________.
tessarae
8. The following are painting media:
All of the above
fresco
tempera
oil
encaustic
9. This term, derived from the French for ?to paste? or ?to glue,? gives its
name to a painting technique.
collage
10. The round portion of the window seen at Chartres Cathedral is called a
_______.
rose
11. The gouache medium adds white pigment to __________.
watercolor
12. __________ is a technique in which pigments are set into wet limestone
plaster.
NOne of the above
fresco
secco
acrylic
gouache
watercolor
13. A subcategory of constructed sculpture that lets artists use familiar
objects in new ways is called:
. assemblage
14. Julio Gonzales was the sculptor who first used the _____ for his metal
sculptures.
welding torch
15. A typical example of a low-relief sculpture would be:
a coin
16. Marcel Duchamp was the first to call the works of Alexander Calder mobiles.
true
17. When sculptors work with soft materials, they often use a (n) ____ to
prevent sagging
armature
18. A subtractive process in which a sculpture is formed by removing material
from a block or mass of wood, stone, or other material, with the use of
sharpened tools is called:
carving
19. A (n) ______ work of art is one in which an artist is physically involved.
original
20. Encaustic painting uses animal glue as a binder for the pigment.
false
21. _______ is a technique in which an artist uses a pen with a metal tip to
draw on a surface that has been coated with white pigment (usually powdered
bone).
metalpoint
22. The three purposes of drawing are: to record, to ______ and to make a
finished artwork.
study
23. A preparatory drawing is called a _______.
cartoon
24. When an artist places parallel lines closely together to create shade in a
drawing, it is referred to as ______.
hatching
25. Drawings done with ink thinned with water and executed with a brush are
referred to as ______.
a. washes
b. wet media
c. watercolors
26. An extremely thick application of oil paint is called ______.
impasto
27. A very thin, transparent film of color painted over an already-painted
surface is called_____.
glaze
28. In ______, the artist allows for the white of the paper to produce
?highlights? through the transparent color.
watercolor
29. A wedge-shaped stone used in round arches is called a(n):
voussoir
30. A square area between the triglyphs of a Doric frieze is called a(n):
metope
31. Installation sculpture can be a form of site-specific sculpture.
true
32. A system of construction in which solid forms are placed one on another to
form a tapering structure is called:
a. ashlar masonry
b. load-bearing construction
c. corbeling
33. A curve assumed by a flexible cord suspended between two points is called
a(n):
catenary
34. The central portion of an entablature in the Classical Orders that often
contains relief sculpture is called the:
frieze
35. An outside buttress in the form of a strut or open half-arch is called a
flying buttress.
true
36. In basilicas and churches, a wide central aisle separated from the side
aisles by rows of columns is called the nave.
true
37. A system of construction in which the architectural members are combined,
often in triangular units, to form a rigid framework is called:
balloon construction