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What does a moral act involve?

deliberation and choice

moral act

any human act that has moral content and involves deliberation and choice

A moral act has what?

Moral content

indifferent act

acts that have no moral value in themselves( morality depends on intention of the agent)

Is a moral act a personal act?


What does the knowledge that enter every moral act determine?

the corresponding level of moral responsibility

What do we have if we have some suspicion and action might be wrong?

A moral obligation to resolve doubt by gathering necessary knowledge before acting

What is the virtue in a moral act in part determined by?


full knowledge

clear, deliberate knowledge of the sinfulness of an action

partial knowledge

knowledge obscured by presence of something interfering with a moral judgement


accountability for one's actions before themself and superior authority

indirect responsibility

accountability for secondary effects of a free act

What is the sinfulness of an action party determined by?


vincible ignorance

lack of knowledge for which a person is morally responsible due to lack of diligence

invincible ignorance

ignorance that cannot be overcome by ordinary diligence

To enjoy the freedom that comes from self-mastery what must we do?

choose to live according to moral law

Can we live good moral lives if we do not work on them?


What does the improper use of freedom lead to?

immorality and self-destruction

What do the highest levels of freedom lead to?

the highest levels of morality

Is human freedom limited or absolute?


Freedom ad knowledge are what?

closely related

Why is human freedom not absolute?

Because we cannot do whatever we want without consequences

Why is freedom limited?

Because humans are limited beings

What does freedom fundamentally depend on?

the truth

What is human freedom ordered towards?


What do both good and bad choices do to us?

Good-transform Bad-degrade

With freedom what else comes?


Is there freedom with no responsibility?


Is God's graced imposed on us?

NO! We need to receive it freely.

What does and does not the grace of God do?

It does not diminish our freedom but makes the correct moral choices clear and gives us strength to conquer passions

What does the moral law do?

Enhances freedom

What can only a free person do?

make good choices and carry them to contemplation

What can only the human person do?

Forge their destiny for good or evil

Who has freedom?

Man alone

The freedom to choose correctly does what?

Gives us the option to reject God or be indifferent to him or his will for us

What does Christian morality bring us?

Human dignity, because through this morality we learn to imitate actions and words of Christ

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