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65 terms

Music in World Cultures

Exam 1, South and North (Carnatic and Hindustani) Indian music
STUDY
PLAY
carnatic/ bhajan
Devi Niye Tunai genre (c/b)
voice, drone, mridangam
sound producers in Devi Niye Tunai
Mridangam
most common southern Indian drum. Pitch drum on right head, on base head there is deeper pitch variation.
drum, improvised
In the song Devi Niye Tunai, both the __ and the singing are ___.
PAPCP
in Devi, the song form is this: (5 letters)
keeravani
the raga of Devi
devotional
Devi is especially __ because it is about a god and is carnatic
Pallavi
which verse does the drum enter in devi?
adi
what is the tala in devi?
8, 4, 2, 2
In Devi, the tala has __ beats and is subdivided into __ + __ + __.
the vocals
during Sarasiruha, the instrumentals are based on what?
natai
what raga is Sarasiruha?
veena, mridangam
the sound producers in Sarasiruha are the __ and the __
Saraswati
Sarasiruha is meant to be sung addressing __, who is the goddess of music and learning.
ATKKsTaK
the form of Sarasiruha is this: (AAAAbAbA)
kriti
when is the adi tala introduced in the Sarasiruha song?
tanam
what section of Sarasiruha has tala but no raga?
alapana and tanam
which sections (2) of Sarasiruha have raga but no tala?
kriti and (kalpana) svara
which sections (2) of Sarasiruha have both raga and tala?
veena
In the beginning of Sarasiruha, there are two improvised sections (the alapana and the tanam) during which the __ player performs alone.
free (and) improvised
What distinguishes the alapana from the tanam in Sarasiruha? The alapana is completely __ and __.
kriti
When does the drum enter in Sarasiruha?
the singer sings the names of the notes instead of lyrics
What distinguishes the kalpana svara from the rest of the kriti? t s s t n o t n i o l
mughal empire (around 1605)
in what cultural context did the Raga Yaman/hindustani music style develop?
sitar and tabla
what are the sound producers in raga yaman? (2)
gat
a pre-composed melody in the hindustani music
mukhra
initial phrase of the gat (melody)
pre-composed, improvised
Gat-tora: alternates with a __-__ melody (gat), and __ sections (tora).
1, 5, 13, 9
in the Raga Yaman, the tal is called Tintal and there is clapping on _, _, _, and hand waving on beat _.
AG(medium)J(fast)
form of Raga Yaman AAA
jhala
energetic use of rhythm, follows the gat-tora and is accompanied by a tabla.
Tihai
precomposed phrase that is repeated three times to add emphasis to an arrival or to signal a shift to a new section.
gurukulam
this word mean's at the guru's house
20th
what century did school really get bigger for teaching music?
veena
an instrument with 3 drone strings and 4 playing strings. Complex slides and pulls of the strings allow the musician to interpret the character of each raga and its subtle intonation.
tambura
an instrument that is unfretted and round-bodied, with a hollow neck and four or five (rarely six) wire strings. The strings of the Tambura are plucked one after another in a standard pattern, in order to create a tonic resonance field in Hindustani classical music.
late 1700s
when was the genre kriti made? (late) __
carnatic
carnatic or hindustani style has more ragas?
talkies
with the invention of these, films were no longer silent and it created a whole new style of music
temples, musicians, buying, radio, schools
some changes to music patronage in 20th century: decline of power in ___, __ moving to cities, __ tickets to concerts, __ and tv, and __.
tyagaraja
a famous carnatic artist. he was the inventor of the kriti
tansen
main singer of mongal court. he invented a ton of ragas still used today.
devadasi
young women who were ritually married to the god of a particular Hindu temple. They got to be literate, and were of higher status.
British, prostitution
In 1799, the __ took control of most revenues and this accelerated the decline of the system of patronage that had been supporting the devadasis and other temple services.Because of that, many devadasis lost their livelihood and hones and turned to __ and were overall viewed as prostitutes.
decline, urban, recording
The rise of the urban middle class affected music and dance performances in the 20th century by: __ of courts, rise of __ middle class, patronage to general public, radio, __ industry, film industry, schools.
arranged marriage
young girls especially were expected to learn at least enough music so that when it came time for an __ __, the parents could "sell" her skills to the family and the groom could dream of being seranaded by his bride.
texture
this is the interrelationships of simultaneous sounds.
melody
this is the pitch aspect of music
sound producers
this is who/what makes the sound we hear (vocal/instrumental)
form/structure
this is what happens musically from beginning to end of piece
rhythm/meter
this is the time aspect of music
text
this is the meaning/significance of song words
tanam
verse of south indian music that is highly rhythmic exposition of the raga. No tala but a strong sense of a beat.
alapana
verse of south indian music that is nonmetrical, no regular beat; flowing proselike "breath rhythms", phrases that eventually come t o rest on important pillar notes.
harmonium
instrument with a small box with a bellows and a keyboard
sitar
instrument remotely related to a guitar with a very long, wide neck
tambura
instrument similar to the sitar but with no frets, because its strings are simply plucked to provide a drone
tabla
instrument that's a pair of small drums
pakhavaj
instrument thats another drum, barrel-shaped and has 2 heads
alap
raga improvisation in free rhythm.
lay
tampo in north indian music
tan
rapid improvisation in hindustani music
jor
section that follows the alap
jhola
concluding section of instrumental improvisation...performers make lively and fast rhythmic patterns on the drone strings.
tala
meter in hindustani music