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26 terms

Judaism

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Jerusalem
Capital of Israel
Sinai Peninsula
According to the Torah, where Moses received the Ten Commandments
Mecca
A city in Saudi Arabia; the most holy city to Muslims
Jordan
Borders Israel to the East
Syria
Borders Israel to the Northeast
Abraham
The first Jew; established a series of covenants with God
Torah
Jewish holy text; a scroll
Covenant
An agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return
Ethical Monotheism
Emphasis on right conduct and the worship of one God
Sarah
Abraham's wife
Ishmael
Abraham's first son; Hagar's son
Isaac
Abraham's second son; Sarah's son
Brit Milah
Circumcision and naming ceremony for Jewish boys
Genesis
First book of the Torah
Mt. Moriah
The place where Abraham went to sacrifice Isaac or Ishmael
Diaspora
The scattering of Jews around the world
Rosh Hashanah
The Jewish New Year
Yom Kippur
The Day of Atonement
Seder
A meal during Passover where Jews retell the story of the Exodus
The Western Wall
All that remains of the Second Temple
Zionism
The movement for a Jewish homeland
The Garden of Gethsemane
Where Jesus spent the night before he was crucified
The Unction Stone
Where Jesus was said to be anointed and prepared for burial
Anti-Semitism
Prejudice and/or discrimination against Jews
Fatah
Palestinian party that dominates in the West Bank
Hamas
Militant group that dominates in the Gaza Strip