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Archduke Franz Ferdinand

heir to the throne of Austria-Hungry, assassinated by a member of the Black Hand- Gavrilo Princip. (the match that started the fire- think Jenga)

Gavrilo Princip

Member of a terrorist organization called The Black Hand. Murdered Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife.

Kaiser Wilhem II

German emperor in World War I, blamed for starting the Great War. Last emperor of Germany

Alfred von Schlieffen

plan to protect Germany if there was a war, created in 1905 was the main strategy for Germany in WWI

Central Powers

World War I alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire

Allied Powers

World War I alliance of Britian, France, and Russia, and later joined by Italy, the United States, and others.

President Woodrow Wilson

President at the time of World War I. Wanted the 14 Points to solve the end of the war- last pt was the League of Nations, it was created but US did not participate

The League of Nations

created after WWI to prevent war throughout the world. Was created in the Treaty of Versailles by Pres. Wilson, though the U.S. Senate did not allow the U.S. to be part of it.

The "Big Four"

leaders of the Allied nations- Woodrow Wilson(USA), David Lloyd George (Great Britain) Vittorio Orlando (Italy), Georges Clemenceau (France), they were the most of the power at Versailles, France (peace treaty to end WWI was)

Tsar Nicholas II

Ruler of Russia (family ruled for 300 yrs) prior to V.I. Lenin, forced to step down and was killed by the Bolsheviks who were led by V.I. Lenin- 1917.


Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI

V.I. Lenin

led Bolsheviks to violent revolution and established world's first lasting Communist state

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