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the idea the story is built on. The main idea of a story.


the central idea, or insight, about life or human behavior the story revels. Not directy reveled through experiences. There may be a most meaningful one.

Finding theme

theme is not the same as the subject. the theme makes some revelation to the subject. Should be expressed in a sentance. Can also be expressed though what the charactor learns.


is simply the topic. It can be stated in a single WORD

Universal theme

Can be applied to ALL people


The struggle between opposing forces that the main charactor faces.


can give you clues about the theme. Does it have a meaning? Does it POINT to the theme

Theme making

Does your meaning apply to the WHOLE or ENTIRE WORK not just PARTS of it.

Experessing theme

You can express the SAME theme in DIFFERENT words. You may have a different opinion about the theme.


Suggesting BEFORHAND For means ahead. Shadow is a glimpse of something without complete details.


occurs when the author tells you about something that happend in the PAST. Flash means a quick glimse. Back means a look back in the story.


the person TELLING the story. controls everything you need to know about the characters.

Point of view

the vantage point from which the story is told. The three are First Person, third person limited, and third person omniscient


the narrator is not in the story. knows ALL. can tell us EVERYTHING

first person

a character in a story / uses 1st person pronoun / tell us what he or she thinks /


a first person character

first person narrator

you should always ask if this person is credible and can be trusted

unreliable narrator

this person is biased and does not or cannot tell the truth

3rd person limited point of view

gives one characters thoughts and reactions / uses third person pronouns like he, she, they / tells little about other characters


the attitude a speaker or writer takes towards a subject, character, or audience/ examples are humorous, suspenseful, gloomy


the writers distinctive use of language and his or her overall style / in fiction, narrators are also said to have this


the writers tone ad choice of words / helps create the voice


a narrator's voice can affect our _________ of characters and events


language that appeals to the senses

5 senses

hearing, touch, taste, sight, smell

example of imagery

he loves the scent of blossoming flowers and the warbles of birds.


a description that compares 2 unlike things to one another, using the words LIKE or AS

example of simile

the rain seemed like an old friend


compares UNLIKE things WITHOUT using the words like or as

example of metaphor

my father was the sun and the moon to me


an obvious exaggeration, usually funny

example of hyperbole

I was so hungry I even ate the plate!


a figure of speech in which human characteristics are given to an animal or a object.

example of personification

My teddy bear gave me a hug


the use of a word to describe or imitate a natural sounds or the sound made by an object

example of onomatopoeia

snap / crackle / pop


an expression that has been used so often that it has become common and sometimes boring

example of cliche

there is no place like home


a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of individual words

example of idiom

It's raining cats and dogs today


a thing ( could be an object, person, situation, or action) which stands for something else more abstract

example of symbolism

the American Flag, an apple red car

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