Anatomy: chapter 3 tissues vocab
Terms in this set (48)
A cell specialized for the storage of fat; found in connective tissue.
Surface epithelial cell that is exposed to the body exterior or to the cavity of an internal organ; exposed to open surface
A reduction in size or wasting away of an organ or cell resulting from disease or lack of use.
Characterized by or associated with a lack of blood vessels
Basal lamina or basement membrane
A thin layer of extra cellular material to which epithelial cells are attached in mucosa surfaces.
A mature cartilage cell
The science concerned with the study of cells
An abnormal accumulation of fluid in body parts or tissues; causes swelling.
Ductless glands that empty their hormonal products directly into the blood.
A flat plate of hyaline cartilage seen in young, growing bone.
The thin tissue forming the outer layer of a body surface and lining.
(The alimentary canal and other hollow structures.)
Glands that have ducts trough which their secretions are carried to a body surface (skin or mucosa).
Nonliving material in connective tissue consisting of ground substance and fibers that separate the living cells.
The elongated shape of this cell lies along the cable-like fibers that it secretes.
EXTRA INFO: It has an abundant rough ER and a large Golgi apparatus to make and secrete protein building blocks of these fibers.
The thickening and scarring of connective tissue usually as a result of injury.
Individual cells (simple glands) that produce mucus.
A delicate pink tissue composed largely of new capillaries that grow into the damaged area from blood vessels nearby.
EXYRA INFO: These capillaries are fragile and bleed freely, as when a scab is picked away from a skin wound. Also contains phagocytes that eventually dispose of the blood clot and connective tissue cells (fibroblasts) that produce the building blocks of collagen fibers (scar tissue) to permanently bridge the gap.)
Amorphous jell like substance surrounding the cells. In connective tissue.
The branch of anatomy dealing with the microscopic structure of tissues.
(the study of tissues)
The enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increase in the reproduction rate of its cell, often as an initial stage in the development of cancer.
Microscopic identifying features of cardiac muscle. Contain gap junctions that allow iron to pass freely from cell to cell, resulting in rapid conduction of the exciting electrical impulse of the heart.
A cavity or depression, especially in bone.
A soft layer of areolar connective tissue that underlies all mucous membranes. It's fluid matrix contains all types of fibers, who form a loose network.
(Technical name for basement membrane)
Connects bones to bones at joints. Are more stretchy and contain more elastic fibers than tendons.
Cell particularly abundant in lymphatic and connective tissues; important in the immune response as an antigen presenter in T cells and B cells.
Life-threatening; pertains to neoplasms that spread and lead to death; such as cancer.
A loosely organized, mainly mesodermal embryonic tissue that develops into connective and skeletal tissues, including blood and lymph.
The spread of cancer one body part or organ into another not directly connected to it.
A mucus membrane
An abnormal cell mass that develops when controls of the cell cycle and all cell division malfunction; "New growth". Not all neoplasms are cancerous.
Cells of the nervous system specialized to transmit messages throughout the body.
The nonneuronal tissue of the central nervous system that performs supportive and other functions; also called glia.
Consisting of or turned into bone; ossified
The waves of contraction in tubelike organs; propels substances along the tract.
Cell capable of engulfing and digesting particles or cells harmful to the body.
Code for proteins that are needed for normal cell division and growth.
The replacement of destroyed tissue by the same kind of cells.
The slick membranes that line the central body cavity and cover organs in that cavity.
Cord of dense fibrous tissue attaching a muscle to a bone.
One layer of cells
More than one cell layer
Internal framework, which can support many free blood cells (largely lymphocytes) in lymphoid organs such sad lymph nodes, the spleen, and bone marrow.
A group of similar cells specialized to perform a specific function; primary tissue types are epithelial, connective, muscle, and skeletal.
Tumor suppressor genes
Work to suppress or prevent cancer; also known as antioncogenes