Personal Adjustment Test 1: Chapter 1
Terms in this set (22)
A personality trait marked by an inflated sense of importance, a need for attention and admiration, a sense of entitlement, and a tendency to exploit others.
The science that studies behavior and the physiological and mental processes that underline it, and is the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of the science to practical problems.
Any overt (observable) response or activity by an organism
Is the branch of psychology concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders
Refers to the psychological processes through which people manage or cope with the demands and challenges of everyday life.
The premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation.
A condition or event that an experimenter varies on order to see its impact on another variable. The ________ that the experimenter controls or manipulates.
The variable that is thought to be affected by the manipulations the independent variable. is usually a measurement of some aspect of the subjects' behavior.
Consists of the subjects who receive some special treatment in regard to the independent variable.
Consists of similar subjects who do not receive the special treatment given to the experimental group
Exists when two variables are related to each other.
A numerical index of the degree of relationship that exists between two variables.
A researcher engages in careful observation of behavior without intervening directly with the subjects.
Is an in-depth investigation of an individual subject.
Are structured questions designed to solicit information about specific aspects of participants' behavior.
Individuals' personal assessments of their overall happiness or life satisfaction.
Efforts to predict one's emotional reactions to future events.
Occurs when the mental scale that people use to judge the pleasantness-unpleasantness of their experiences shifts so that their neutral point, or baseline for comparison, is changed.
Continued rehearsal of material after you have first appeared to master it.
Strategies for enhancing memory.
Involves forming a mental image of items to be remembered in a way that links them together.
Method of Loci
Involves taking an imaginary walk along familiar path where you have associated images of items you want to remember with certain locations.