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American breed derived from Indian Zebus
Loose skin, huge floppy ears, humped, horned
Used in rodeos
Heat tolerant, resistant to ticks & pinkeye
Good mothers, easy calvers
Slow to mature
Pink noses differentiate from Chianina black noses
Large size, heavy muscling
One of the oldest breeds known
Huge, tall, long-legged animals, up to 4,000 lbs for bulls
CHIANINA COW & CALF
Notorious fence jumpers
Historically used as a draft breed
Black noses differentiate from Charolais pink noses
Second most common beef breed in US
Hardy in range conditions
Horns (if not polled) point out or down vs. upward for Simmental
POLLED HEREFORD COW
Great temperament, easiest breed to work with/handle
Prone to pinkeye due to lack of pigment around eyes
Tendency to prolapse (uterine/vaginal)
Darker fur (sometimes wavy) differentiates from Simmental
SIMMENTAL COW & CALF
Can have calving problems
Large calves, high weaning weights
English breed, also "DURHAM"
Covered wagons pulled by Durham oxen
SANTA GERTRUDIS BULL
Uniform reddish-yellow color
Floppy skin & ears (less so than straight Brahman)
Successful in harsh, hot climates
SANTA GERTRUDIS COW & CALF
Good carcass qualities, usually feed out well
Decent temperament (Brahman flightiness tempered by Shorthorn)
Developed to beef-up Brahman
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