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Terms in this set (29)
USCIS uses this term to refer to "a foreign-born person who is not a citizen or national of the United States." I.N.A. Section 101(a)(3); 8 U.S.C. Section 1101(a)(3). In other words, the word covers everyone from illegal aliens to green card holders
Adaptation of one ethnic or social group-usually a minority-to another. Assimilation involves subsuming of language, traditions, values morals and behavior or even fundamental vital interests. Assimilation is the most extreme form of acculturation.
An alien in the US or at a port of entry who is found to be unable or unwilling to return to his or her country of nationality or to seek the protection of that country because of persecution or well-founded fear of persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof must be based on the alien's race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.
The country in which a person is born (and has not renounced or lost citizenship) or naturalized and to which that person owes allegiance and by which he or she is entitled to be protected
The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) A policy by the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) allows certain young immigrants who do not have lawful immigration status, and came to the US as children to remain in the US temporarily without fear of deportation.
Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents, a program launched in 2014. A person must be the parent of a US citizen or lawful permanent resident; have continuously lived in the US since 1/1/10; have been present in the US on 11/20/14; have not have a lawful immigration status, and have not been convicted of certain criminal offenses. It is not implemented due to legal action and the decision of of the 5th district function with a bench of 8.
The act of a State in the exercise of its sovereignty in removing a non-national from its territory to his or her country of origin or third state after refusal of admission or termination of permission to remain.
Diasporas are broadly defined as individuals and members or networks, associations and communities, who have left their country of origin or their homelands. This concept covers more settled expatriated communities, migrant country, dual nationals, and second/third generation migrants
A person belonging to, or owing an allegiance to, another State.
(54) Human Rights
Those liberties and benefits based on human dignity which, by accepted contemporary values, all human beings should be able to claim "as of right" in the society in which they live. Rights are contained in International Bill of Rights...
(57) Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
This agency of the Department of Homeland Security handles enforcement of immigration laws within the US borders.
(61) Internally Displaced Persons (IDP)
Persons or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized state border
An abbreviation for Lawful Permanent Resident
At the international level, no universally accepted definition for 'migrant' exists. It is applied to persons, and family members, voluntarily moving to another country or region to better their material or social conditions and improve the prospect for themselves or their family.
Granting by a state of its nationality to a non-national through a formal act on the application of the individual concerned
An individual, often a member of a group, who does not have a fixed place or residence and migrates from place to place, often searching for water, food, or grazing land
(78) Permanent Resident
A non-national benefiting from the right of permanent residence in a host State
(80) Port of Entry
Any location in the United States or its territories that is designated as a point of entry for aliens and US citizens. All district and files control offices are also considered ports, since they become locations of entry for aliens adjusting to immigrant status.
(82) Prosecutorial discretion
The legal authority to choose whether or not to take action against an individual for committing an offense.
A person who "owing to a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinions, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country.
Monies earned or acquired by non-nationals that are transferred back to their country of origin
Permanent relocation of refugees in a place outside their country of origin to allow them to establish residence and become productive members of society there. Refugee resettlement is accomplished with the direct assistance of private voluntary agencies working with the department of health and human services office of refugee resettlement
(91) Stateless persons
Persons who are not recognized as citizens of any state.
(95) Temporary Protected Status (TPS)
A legislative basis for allowing a group of persons temporary refuge in the US. The Attorney General may designate nationals of a foreign state to be eligible for TPS with a finding that conditions in that country pose a danger to personal safety due to ongoing armed conflict or an environmental disaster, initially made for periods of 6 to 18 months and may be extended. Removal proceedings are suspended against aliens while they are in Temporary Protected Status
When a migrant is illegally recruited, coerced and/or forcibly moved within national or across national borders. Traffickers are those who transport migrants and profit economically or otherwise from their relocation
The process whereby people establish and maintain sociocultural connections across geopolitical borders
(103) USCIS US Citizenship and Immigration Services
is the government agency that oversees lawful immigration to the US
An endorsement by the competent authorities of a State in a passport or a certificate of identity of a non-national who wishes to enter, leave, or transit the state that indicates that the authority, at the time of insurance, believes the holder to fall within a category of non-nationals who can enter, leave or transit the state under the state's laws. A visa establishes the criteria of admission into a state
Attitudes, prejudices and behavior that reject, exclude and often vilify person, based on the perception that they are outsiders or foreigners to the community, society or national identity. Racism and xenophobia are two terms that can be hard to differentiate from each other